Seen, Heard and CountedRethinking Care in a Development Context
Development and Change Special Issues, Band 6 1. Aufl.
Contributors analyze the care economy in the developing world, at a moment when existing systems are under strain and new ideas are coming into focus. Offers the first global, regionally diverse study of the “invisible economy” of care, including case studies from diverse regional contexts of Africa, Asia and Latin America Frames the debate on care and highlights policy experimentation and ideas currently in flux Includes new research and data on developing countries, showing how, where care options for the socially disadvantaged are limited, failing to socialize the costs of care exacerbates existing inequalities Comes at a moment when, if not yet marked by a generalized care crisis, the world’s existing systems are under strain and in need of rethinking Features introductory chapters that set out the conceptual framework and findings on individual country studies, and a concluding chapter that draws out the transnational dimensions of care
Notes on Contributors vii 1 Rethinking Care in a Development Context: An Introduction 1 Shahra Razavi 2 The Good, the Bad and the Confusing: The Political Economy of Social Care Expansion in South Korea 31 Ito Peng 3 South Africa: A Legacy of Family Disruption 51 Debbie Budlender and Francie Lund 4 Harsh Choices: Chinese Women’s Paid Work and Unpaid Care Responsibilities under Economic Reform 73 Sarah Cook and Xiao-yuan Dong 5 AWidening Gap? The Political and Social Organization of Childcare in Argentina 93 Eleonor Faur 6 Who Cares in Nicaragua? A Care Regime in an Exclusionary Social Policy Context 121 Juliana Martínez Franzoni and Koen Voorend 7 A Perfect Storm?Welfare, Care, Gender and Generations in Uruguay 149 Fernando Filgueira, Magdalena Guti´errez and Jorge Papadópulos 8 Stratified Familialism: The Care Regime in India through the Lens of Childcare 175 Rajni Palriwala and Neetha N. 9 Putting Two and Two Together? Early Childhood Education, Mothers’ Employment and Care Service Expansion in Chile and Mexico 205 Silke Staab and Roberto Gerhard 10 Going Global: The Transnationalization of Care 233 Nicola Yeates Index 255
Shahra Razavi is Senior Researcher at the United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD). She specializes in the gender dimensions of social development, with a particular focus on livelihoods and social policy. Her recent books include The Gendered Impacts of Liberalization: Towards "Embedded Liberalism"? (2009) and Gender and Social Policy in a Global Context: Uncovering the Gendered Structure of 'the Social', edited with Shireen Hassim (2006).
With two decades of research behind it, the "invisible economy" of care is a critical area of scientific enquiry and policy action. However, far from being global, much of the public debate has been limited to advanced industrialized countries. There is extensive scholarly conversation about the care dimensions of Europe's welfare regimes, for example. Meanwhile, governments in developing countries—where economic restructuring raises perennial concerns about social reproduction, and women's increasing burdens of unpaid care work—are experimenting with new ways of responding to care needs in their societies. Contributors from a wide range of backgrounds extend our understanding of the care economy in the developing world at a moment when existing systems are under strain and new ideas are coming into focus. Empirically grounded case studies of countries as diverse as China, Nicaragua, India and South Africa shed new light both on existing care arrangements and changing policies. This book offers important insights about what it will mean to provide dignified care in the twenty-first century.