Research Methods in Clinical Linguistics and PhoneticsA Practical Guide
The only volume to offer hands-on information about the wide range of research philosophies, methods and tools used across linguistics, phonetics, and speech science, as applied to disordered speech and language.• Covers core topics for students undertaking their own research, including experimental and qualitative methods, sociolinguistics, corpus construction and analysis, data recording, transcription and digital analysis of speech, and speech imaging.• Considers the research ethics associated with working with people who have speech, language or other communication difficulties.• Includes a detailed discussion of the dissemination of research results, and advice on the writing of theses and dissertations, and on the writing and publishing of journal articles, as well the peer review process.• Offers students and researchers from a variety of entry points – such as linguistics, education, psychology, and speech pathology – an introduction to the scope of research in clinical linguistics and phonetics, and a practical guide to this interdisciplinary field
Notes on Contributors vii1 Linguistics, Phonetics, and Speech-Language Pathology: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics 1Nicole Müller and Martin J. Ball2 Research Ethics 10Thomas W. Powell3 Experimental and Quasi-experimental Research in Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics 28Vesna Mildner4 The Investigation of Speech Production: Experimental and Quasi-experimental Approaches 48B. May Bernhardt, Penelope Bacsfalvi, Marcy Adler-Bock, Geetanjalee Modha, and Barbara Purves5 Investigating Disordered Language: Experimental and Quasi-experimental Approaches 63Judith D. Oxley6 Qualitative Research in Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics 87Nicole Müller7 An Ethnographic Approach to Assessing Communication Success in Interactions Involving Adults with Developmental Delay 107Jacqueline Guendouzi and Paula S. Currie8 Conversation Analysis Applied to Disordered Speech and Language 126Scott Barnes and Alison Ferguson9 Clinical Sociolinguistics 146Martin J. Ball and Louise Keegan10 The Recording of Audio and Video Data 160Ben Rutter and Stuart Cunningham11 Data Processing: Transcriptional and Impressionistic Methods 177Martin J. Ball, Sara Howard, Nicole Müller, and Angela Granese12 Data Processing: Digital Analysis of Speech Audio Signals 195Mark Huckvale13 Data Processing: Imaging of Speech Data 219Joan Rahilly14 Data Analysis and Interpretation: Statistical Methods 253Eleonora Rossi15 AphasiaBank: Data and Methods 268Brian MacWhinney, Davida Fromm, Audrey Holland, and Margaret Forbes16 Disseminating Research: Reading, Writing, and Publishing 288Sharynne McLeodIndex 311
“It offers students and researchers from a variety of entry points – such as linguistics, education, psychology, and speech-language pathology – and introduction to the scope of research in clinical linguistics and phonetics, and a practical guide to this interdisciplinary field.” (Clinical Linguistics, 28 September 2012)
Nicole Müller is Professor of Communicative Disorders at the University of Louisiana at Lafayette, and holds a Hawthorne-BORSF Endowed Professorship. She is co-editor of the journal Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics and of the book series Communication Disorders Across Languages. She is the co-author of Approaches to Discourse in Dementia (with J. A. Guendouzi, Lawrence Erlbaum Association, 2006), editor of Multilayered Transcription (Plural, 2007), and co-editor of The Handbook of Language and Speech Disorders (with J. S. Damico and M. J. Ball, Wiley-Blackwell, 2010).Martin J. Ball is Hawthorne-BORSF Endowed Professor at the University of Louisiana at Lafayette. He is co-editor of the journal Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics and two book series: Communication Disorders Across Languages and Language and Speech Disorders (with J. S. Damico). He co-edited The Handbook of Clinical Linguistics (with M. Perkins, N. Müller and S. Howard, Wiley-Blackwell, 2008) and The Celtic Languages (with N. Müller, Routledge, 2009), and co-wrote Phonology for Communication Disorders (with N. Müller and B. Rutter, Psychology Press, 2010).
Research Methods in Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics introduces a wide range of research philosophies, methods, and tools used across linguistics, phonetics, and speech science, as applied to disordered speech and language. Comprised of sixteen chapters, each authored by specialists representing a variety of approaches, the volume addresses core topics for students undertaking their own research, including:experimental and quasi-experimental methodsqualitative methods, including ethnography and conversation analysissociolinguisticscorpus construction and analysisdata recording, transcription, and digital analysis of speechIn addition to exploring these and other topics, the volume considers the research ethics associated with working with those who have speech or other communication difficulties. There is a detailed discussion of the dissemination of research results in the form of theses, dissertations, and journal articles, and of the peer review process. Chapters include summary boxes to highlight salient information, and resources for researchers such as relevant web archives and tools. It offers students and researchers from a variety of entry points – such as linguistics, education, psychology, and speech pathology – an introduction to the scope of research in clinical linguistics and phonetics, and a practical guide to this interdisciplinary field.
"Up to date and covering a refreshingly wide range of approaches, this is a first-rate guide and resource for both practitioners and consumers of research in clinical linguistics and phonetics." – Mick Perkins, University of Sheffield“This truly outstanding collection of readings, treating a number of critical issues with great clarity, is certain to be quickly recognized as a valuable resource by the community of researchers.” – Martin R. Gitterman, The City University of New York “This volume offers excellent coverage of both qualitative and quantitative methods, with clinical examples. It will be of great value to students and scholars in clinical linguistics, speech-language pathology and related fields.” – Tara Whitehill, The University of Hong Kong"The scope of this volume illustrates just how effective clinical linguistics and phonetics has been in the exploration of speech and language impairment. This book will be a prime resource for researchers and students." – Paul Fletcher, University of Cork
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