'Geographical information science' is not merely a technical subject but also poses theoretical questions on the nature of geographic representation and whether there exist limits on the ability of GI systems to deal with certain objects and issues. This book presents the debate surrounding technical GIS and theory of representation from an 'inside' GIS perspective. Chapters are authored by leading researchers from a range of fields including geographers, planners, ecologists and computer scientists from Europe and North America.
List of Contributors. Preface. 1. Re-presenting Geographical Information Systems (Peter Fisher and David J. Unwin). PART I: NOT JUST OBJECTS. 2. Not Just Objects: Reconstructing Objects (Ola Ahlqvist, Peter Bibby, Matt Duckham, Peter Fisher, Francis Harvey and Nadine Schuurman). 3. Social Dimensions of Object Definition in GIS (Nadine Schuurman). 4. The Linguistic Trading Zones of Semantic Interoperability (Francis Harvey). 5. GIS, Worldmaking and Natural Language (Peter Bibby). 6. Land Use and Land Cover: Contradiction or Complement (Peter Fisher, Alexis Comber and Richard Wadsworth). 7. Transformation of Geographic Information using Crisp, Fuzzy and Rough Semantics (Ola Ahlqvist). 8. Uncertainty and Geographic Information: Computational and Critical Convergence (Matt Duckham and Joanne Sharp). PART II: NOT JUST SPACE. 9. Not Just Space: An Introduction (Michael Batty, Antony Galton and Marcos Llobera). 10. The QSS Framework for Modelling Qualitative Change: Prospects and Problems (Antony Galton). 11. Network Geography: Relations, Interactions, Scaling and Spatial Processes in GIS (Michael Batty). 12. The Nature of Everyday Experience: Examples from the Study of Visual Space (Marcos Llobera). PART III: TIME AS WELL. 13. Time As Well: An Introduction (Jonathan Raper, Harvey J. Miller, Subhrajit Guhathakurta, Robert Muetzelfeldt and Tao Cheng). 14. Spatio-Temporal Ontology for Digital Geographies (Jonathan Raper). 15. Modeling and Visualizing Linear and Cyclic Changes (Tao Cheng). 16. What about People in Geographic Information Science? (Harvey J. Miller). 17. Dynamic Spatial Modelling in the Simile Visual Modelling Environment (Robert Muetzelfeldt and Matt Duckham). 18. Telling Stories with Models: Reflecting on Land Use and Ecological Trends in the San Pedro Watershed (Subhrajit Guhathakurta). PART IV: NOT ‘THERE’ YET? 19. Conclusion: Towards a Research Agenda (David J. Unwin and Peter Fisher). Index.
"It would be a pity if this valuable collection of essays were left to an academic audience alone ... definitely relevant for the professionals too." (GIS Professional, March/April 2006) "This book is a welcome addition to the GIS literature for researchers and practitioners." (The Geographical Journal 2006)
The increasingly widespread use of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) has meant that a version of ‘geography’ has been exported to many other disciplines and walks of life where this technology has been found to be useful. In the analysis of geographic information, ‘geography’ is often short hand for the spaces and distances used to explain or model some phenomenon. Typically, it is the usefulness of this, in turn almost entirely a consequence of the phenomenon of spatial autocorrelation, which explains the evident popularity of GIS. The academic underpinning of GIS, Geographical Information Science is not merely a technical subject; it poses difficult theoretical questions on the nature of geographic representation and whether or not there exist limits on the ability of GIS to deal with certain objects and issues. This book attempts to synthesize the different strands of debate between technical GIS issues and social-theory of GI Science representation by looking at the conceptual and applied aspects of the subject in one cohesive volume. This is the first book to present the debate surrounding technical GIS and theory of representation from an ‘inside’ GIS perspective. The chapters have been split into three distinct sections exploring objects, time and space; their interaction with each other and with GIS Re-presenting GIS is aimed at: advanced students (undergraduate and postgraduate) taking courses in GIS academic researchers in GI Science and Computer Science with interests in the modelling of spatial information and practitioners involved with GIS who need an accessible guide to current thinking in GI Science research. The Workshop that gave rise to this book was organized with the generous assistance of the UK Economic and Social Research Council, under its Research Seminar series. The editors wish to express their gratitude.
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