The Information Age

Economy, Society, and Culture

Volume II

The Power of Identity

Originally published in 1997, The Power of Identity, the second volume in The Information Age trilogy, saw the writing on the global wall – recognizing identity as a defining principle of social organization and analyzing the importance of cultural, religious, and national identities as sources of meaning for people, and the implications of these identities for social movements.

Now with an extensive new preface following the recent global economic crisis, this second edition analyzes the major social and political events directly derived from the diagnosis of the book: Al Qaeda and fundamentalist terror networks; the Iraq War; the geopolitics of fear under the Bush Administration; and the Internet-based networking of global social movements fighting for global justice.

Studying grassroots mobilizations against the unfettered globalization of wealth and power, and the formation of alternative projects of social organization, this book charts the transformation of the nation-state into a network state, and the submission of political representation to the dictates of media politics.

Table of Contents for Volumes I and III of Manuel Castells’ The Information Age: Economy, Society, and Culture

Volume I: The Rise of the Network Society

Prologue: The Net and the Self

1 The Information Technology Revolution

2 The New Economy: Informationalism, Globalization, Networking

3 The Network Enterprise: The Culture, Institutions, and Organizations of the Informational Economy

4 The Transformation of Work and Employment: Networkers, Job-less, and Flex-timers

5 The Culture of Real Virtuality: The Integration of Electronic Communication, the End of the Mass Audience, and the Rise of Interactive Networks

6 The Space of Flows

7 The Edge of Forever: Timeless Time

Conclusion: The Network Society

Volume III: End of Millennium

A Time of Change

1 The Crisis of Industrial Statism and the Collapse of the Soviet Union

2 The Rise of the Fourth World: Informational Captalism, Poverty, and Social Exclusion

3 The Perverse Connection: The Global Criminal Economy

4 Development and Crisis in the Asian Pacific: Globalization and the State

5 The Unification of Europe: Globalization, Identity, and the Network State

Conclusion: Making Sense of our World


Para Irene Castells Oliván,

historiadora de utopías


Geographical distribution of Patriot groups in the US by number of groups and paramilitary training sites in each state, 1996
Marriage survival curves for Italy, West Germany, and Sweden: mothers born in 1934–38 and 1949–53
Evolution of first marriage in countries of the European Union since 1960
Crude marriage rates in selected countries
Percentage of women (15–34 years) with first birth occurring before first marriage, by race and ethnic origin, in US, 1960–89
Synthetic index of fertility in European countries since 1960
Total fertility rate and number of births in US, 1920–90
Growth in service sector employment and in female participation rates, 1980–90
Women as a percentage of the labor force by type of employment
Married couple families with wives in the labor force, in US, 1960–90
Women in part-time employment by family status in European Community member states, 1991
Interrelation of different aspects of same-gender sexuality
Gay residential areas in San Francisco
Household composition in US, 1960–90
Household composition in US, 1970–95
Living arrangements of children under the age of 18, by presence of parent, in US, 1960–90
Lifetime occurrence of oral sex, by cohort: men and women
General government gross financial liabilities
Labor costs in manufacturing, 1994
Credibility of news source in US, 1959–91
Average number of corruption stories per periodical in US, 1890–1992
Percentage of citizens expressing not very much or no confidence in government in selected countries
Percentage of citizens expressing not very much or no confidence in political parties for selected countries
Percentage of people in selected countries expressing the view that their country is run by a few big interests looking out for themselves
Perception of government by citizens of 60 countries (1999)
Percentage of citizens in 47 countries expressing the view that their country is governed by the will of the people (2002)
Trust in institutions to operate in society’s best interest (2002)
Level of support for the mainstream parties in national elections, 1980–2002


Rate of change in crude divorce rate in selected countries, 1971–90
Trends in divorce rates per 100 marriages in developed countries
Percentage of first marriages dissolved through separation, divorce, or death among women aged 40–49 in less-developed countries
Trends in percentage of women aged 20–24 who have never been married
Non-marital births as a percentage of all births by region (country averages)
Trends in single-parent households as a percentage of all households with dependent children and at least one resident parent in developed countries
Trends in percentage of households headed by women de jure
Indicators of recent changes in family and household formation: selected Western countries, 1975–90
Percentage of one-person households over total number of households for selected countries, 1990–93
Total fertility rate by main regions of the world
Labor force participation rates by sex (%)
Total employment by sex (% average annual growth rates)
Economic activity rates, 1970–90
Growth of women’s economic activity rate, 1970–90
Female service employment by activities and rank of information intensity of total employment (%), 1973–93
Rates of growth for each category of female service employment as a percentage of total female employment, 1973–93
Distribution of female employment by occupation, 1980 and 1989 (%)
Size and composition of part-time employment, 1973–94 (%)
Share of self-employment in total employment, by sex and activity (%)
Internationalization of the economy and public finance: rates of change, 1980–93 (and 1993 ratios, unless otherwise indicated)
Government role in the economy and public finance: rates of change, 1980–92 (and 1992 ratios, unless otherwise indicated)
Sources of news in the US, 1993–2002 (%)
Sources of political information of residents of Cochabamba, Bolivia, 1996
Opinion of Bolivian citizens on which institutions represent their interests
Turnout in national elections: recent figures compared to rates for the 1970s and 1980s (%)


Structure of values and beliefs of insurgent movements against globalization
Typology of environmental movements
Analytical typology of feminist movements