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CONTENTS

Introduction

Section I: The Project Process

Chapter 1: Evolution of the Construction Project

Overview

The Construction Phases

The Construction Project Team Members

The Construction Team Relationships

Summary

Chapter 1 Learning Outcomes

Chapter 1 Questions

Chapter 2: Construction Project Contract Documents

Overview

Agreements between the Primary Team Members

Project Definition Documents

Summary

Chapter 2 Learning Outcomes

Chapter 2 Questions

Chapter 3: Working Drawings

Overview

The Drawing Structure

The Drawing Elements

Drawing Scales and Dimensions

Summary

Chapter 3 Learning Outcomes

Chapter 3 Questions

Chapter 4: Specifications

Overview

Specification Users

The Specifications Structure

Information in the Specifications

Summary

Chapter 4 Learning Outcomes

Chapter 4 Questions

Chapter 5: Finding Construction Information in the Working Drawings and Specifications

Overview

Document Structure Review

First Look at the Working Drawings and Specifications

Finding Construction Information in the Working Drawings and Specifications

Summary

Chapter 5 Learning Outcomes

Chapter 5 Question

Section II: Building the Project

Chapter 6: Architectural Category of the Drawings

Overview

Division 1, “General Requirements”

Division 4, “Masonry”

Division 5, “Metals”

Division 6, “Woods, Plastics, and Composites”

Division 7, “Thermal and Moisture Protection”

Division 8, “Openings”

Division 9, “Finishes”

Division 10, “Specialties”

Divisions 11 and 12, “Equipment” and “Furnishings”

Division 14, “Conveying Equipment”

Summary

Chapter 7: Structural Category of the Drawings

Overview

Division 3, “Concrete”

Division 4, “Masonry”

Division 5, “Metals”

Division 6, “Woods, Plastics, and Composites”

Summary

Chapter 8: Mechanical Category of the Drawings

Overview

HVAC Systems

Summary

Chapter 9: Electrical Category of the Drawings

Overview

Main Power Distribution

Secondary Level of Power Distribution

Lighting Electrical Distribution Systems

Summary

Chapter 10: Plumbing Category of the Drawings

Introduction

Supply Piping Systems

Plumbing Collection Systems

Summary

Chapter 11: Civil/Sitework Category of the Drawings

Overview

Civil Drawings

Architects Site Plans

MEP Drawings

Summary

Glossary

Index

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To my family for unquestioning support;

To Bob Graham Sr., Facilities Solutions Group, for leadership and the definition of quality;

To Roger Wilson, for practical applications and friendship;

And to my friends at PBK Architects for their support in drawings and illustrations.

INTRODUCTION

This book is written to teach students with minimal exposure to the construction process how to find the design information in the drawings and specifications needed to work on a construction project. It is focused on the student learning about the development and use of these documents. This book is not about teaching the student construction or drafting, which is beyond our scope.

The book has two distinct sections. Section I is about teaching the basic information needed to understand the documents and how to read them. Section II is practical application of the information learned in Section I.

Section I is focused on giving the student a history of the drawings and specifications for a commercial construction project, and how they are developed for each project. This information sets the tone for the students’ understanding of how they evolved and how they are used in the commercial construction process today. Section I then explains the structure of the documents and how to read them to find information. Quizzes and tests can be developed from the listed learning outcomes at the end of each unit.

Section II is focused on each category of the drawings and explicitly details what information is contained in each, and which divisions in the specifications pertain to that category. It is intended that Section II be used with a set of drawings and specifications along with a questionnaire, or list of questions for each category. This list of questions would be developed from a set of drawings and specifications for a commercial construction project from the local community and would require the student to acquire the answers from the documents much as they would in a construction environment for developing bids or solving field problems.

A questionnaire would be developed for each category of drawings, as many questions as required to ensure student mastery of the information contained in a particular category and mastery of the process of using the documents structures to find information. Instead of providing the drawings, specifications, and questionnaires, it is recommended that the drawings and specifications for a local commercial construction project be used so that the student could actually visit the site and see the completed construction project as a learning aid. The questionnaires would be developed as requests for information from these documents, requiring the students to utilize their knowledge to find the answers as the desired learning outcome for each unit at www.wiley.com/go/printspecreading.

The book is structured to give the student three-point exposure to the information in each unit. The first point of exposure is having the student read the book. The second point of exposure is the students’ hearing the lecture on the information they have read. The third point of exposure is practical application with the quizzes, tests, and questionnaires. This three-point exposure process of reading the text, hearing the lecture, and practical application ensures that the student has maximum opportunity to absorb the information and to be successful in reading the drawings and specifications on any commercial construction project.

SECTION I

THE PROJECT PROCESS

Section I will define the evolution of a commercial construction project with the team members involved and the contract documents developed during each phase of the project.

We will also learn about how the two primary contract documents, the working drawings and specifications, are developed and used.

Finally, we will learn a process for quickly finding information in these documents.

Chapter 1 Evolution of the Construction Project

Chapter 2 Construction Project Contract Documents

Chapter 3 Working Drawings

Chapter 4 Specifications

Chapter 5 Finding Construction Information in the Working Drawings and Specifications