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BLACKWELL COMPANIONS TO THE ANCIENT WORLD

This series provides sophisticated and authoritative overviews of periods of ancient history, genres of classical literature, and the most important themes in ancient culture. Each volume comprises between approximately 25 and 40 concise essays written by individual scholars within their area of specialization. The essays are written in a clear, provocative, and lively manner, designed for an international audience of scholars, students, and general readers.

Ancient History

A Companion to the Roman Army
Edited by Paul Erdkamp

A Companion to the Roman Republic
Edited by Nathan Rosenstein and Robert Morstein-Marx

A Companion to the Roman Empire
Edited by David S. Potter

A Companion to the Classical Greek World
Edited by Konrad H. Kinzl

A Companion to the Ancient Near East
Edited by Daniel C. Snell

A Companion to the Hellenistic World
Edited by Andrew Erskine

A Companion to Late Antiquity
Edited by Philip Rousseau

A Companion to Ancient History
Edited by Andrew Erskine

A Companion to Archaic Greece
Edited by Kurt A. Raaflaub and Hans van Wees

A Companion to Julius Caesar
Edited by Miriam Griffin

A Companion to Byzantium
Edited by Liz James

A Companion to Ancient Egypt
Edited by Alan B. Lloyd

A Companion to Ancient Macedonia
Edited by Joseph Roisman and Ian Worthington

A Companion to the Punic Wars
Edited by Dexter Hoyos

A Companion to Augustine
Edited by Mark Vessey

A Companion to Marcus Aurelius
Edited by Marcel van Ackeren

A Companion to Ancient Greek Government
Edited by Hans Beck

A Companion to the Neronian Age
Edited by Emma Buckley and Martin T. Dinter

A Companion to Greek Democracy and the Roman Republic
Edited by Dean Hammer

A Companion to Livy
Edited by Bernard Mineo

A Companion to Ancient Thrace
Edited by Julia Valeva, Emil Nankov, and Denver Graninger

Literature and Culture

A Companion to Classical Receptions
Edited by Lorna Hardwick and Christopher Stray

A Companion to Greek and Roman Historiography
Edited by John Marincola

A Companion to Catullus
Edited by Marilyn B. Skinner

A Companion to Roman Religion
Edited by Jörg Rüpke

A Companion to Greek Religion
Edited by Daniel Ogden

A Companion to the Classical Tradition
Edited by Craig W. Kallendorf

A Companion to Roman Rhetoric
Edited by William Dominik and Jon Hall

A Companion to Greek Rhetoric
Edited by Ian Worthington

A Companion to Ancient Epic
Edited by John Miles Foley

A Companion to Greek Tragedy
Edited by Justina Gregory

A Companion to Latin Literature
Edited by Stephen Harrison

A Companion to Greek and Roman Political Thought
Edited by Ryan K. Balot

A Companion to Ovid
Edited by Peter E. Knox

A Companion to the Ancient Greek Language
Edited by Egbert Bakker

A Companion to Hellenistic Literature
Edited by Martine Cuypers and James J. Clauss

A Companion to Vergil’s Aeneid and its Tradition
Edited by Joseph Farrell and Michael C. J. Putnam

A Companion to Horace
Edited by Gregson Davis

A Companion to Families in the Greek and Roman Worlds
Edited by Beryl Rawson

A Companion to Greek Mythology
Edited by Ken Dowden and Niall Livingstone

A Companion to the Latin Language
Edited by James Clackson

A Companion to Tacitus
Edited by Victoria Emma Pagán

A Companion to Women in the Ancient World
Edited by Sharon L. James and Sheila Dillon

A Companion to Sophocles
Edited by Kirk Ormand

A Companion to the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East
Edited by Daniel Potts

A Companion to Roman Love Elegy
Edited by Barbara K. Gold

A Companion to Greek Art
Edited by Tyler Jo Smith and Dimitris Plantzos

A Companion to Persius and Juvenal
Edited by Susanna Braund and Josiah Osgood

A Companion to the Archaeology of the Roman Republic
Edited by Jane DeRose Evans

A Companion to Terence
Edited by Antony Augoustakis and Ariana Traill

A Companion to Roman Architecture
Edited by Roger B. Ulrich and Caroline K. Quenemoen

A Companion to Sport and Spectacle in Greek and Roman Antiquity
Edited by Paul Christesen and Donald G. Kyle

A Companion to Plutarch
Edited by Mark Beck

A Companion to Greek and Roman Sexualities
Edited by Thomas K. Hubbard

A Companion to the Ancient Novel
Edited by Edmund P. Cueva and Shannon N. Byrne

A Companion to Ethnicity in the Ancient Mediterranean
Edited by Jeremy McInerney

A Companion to Ancient Egyptian Art
Edited by Melinda Hartwig

A Companion to the Archaeology of Religion in the Ancient World
Edited by Rubina Raja and Jörg Rüpke

A Companion to Food in the Ancient World
Edited by John Wilkins and Robin Nadeau

A COMPANION TO FOOD IN THE ANCIENT WORLD

 

Edited by

John Wilkins and Robin Nadeau

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wiley Logo

List of Illustrations

8.1Reclining places on the triclinium.
10.1Apartment block of Insula Occidentalis II.
10.2The Cardo V sewer.
10.3Mineralized Malus or Pyrus (apple or pear) seed (left); modern Malus seed (right).
10.4Mineralized Anethum graveolens (dill) seed (left); modern example (right).
10.5Patella sp. (limpet) shells from the sewer.
10.6Piper nigrum (black pepper) seed (left); modern example (right).
12.1Attic red-figure cup by Douris. Rome, Vatican. c. 500 BC.
12.2Attic red-figure cup by the Epeleios painter. Munich, Antikensammlung 2619A. c 510 BC.
12.3Attic red-figure hydria, not attributed. Kassel, Dierichs. c 500 BC.
12.4Attic votive relief. Athens. National Museum 1501. c end of fifth century BC.
16.1Granary. Roman Fort at Housesteads in Britain. Second century AD.
16.2Mosaic. Dock workers transferring amphora from merchant ship to river craft. Ostia. Second century AD.
16.3Stone relief. Transporting wine barrels by ship. Rheinisches Landesmuseum Trier, Germany.
20.1Sketch of a mechanical kneading system.
20.2Sketch of a masonry bread oven.
20.3Sketch of a water heater.

Notes on Contributors

Bradley A. Ault is Associate Professor of Classics at the University of Buffalo. His publications include The Houses: The Organization and Use of Domestic Space. Excavations at Ancient Halieis, 2 (Bloomington, IN 2005), and, co-edited with L.C. Nevett, Ancient Greek Houses and Households. Chronological, Regional, and Social Diversity (Philadelphia, PA 2005).

Thibaut Boulay is a lecturer at the Université François-Rabelais at Tours, a member of the Food team attached to the European Institute of History of Food, and a wine producer. He wrote his thesis on Greek cities at war in Asia Minor in the Hellenistic period, and is now working on the vine and wine in the Greek world from the Archaic period to the Byzantine.

David Braund is Professor at the Department of Classics and Ancient History at the University of Exeter.

Béatrice Caseau is a lecturer in Byzantine history at University Paris IV Paris-Sorbonne.

Sean Corner is Associate Professor in Greek History at McMaster University (Hamilton, Canada). His research concerns the political culture and society of Archaic and Classical Greece. He has published a number of articles exploring the symposium and its relationship to the polis, and is currently completing a book on the subject.

Robert I. Curtis is Professor Emeritus at the Department of Classics, University of Georgia. He is the author of Garum and Salsamenta: Production and Commerce in Materia Medica (Leiden 1991) and Ancient Food Technology (Leiden 2001).

Christophe Chandezon is Professor of Ancient History at the University of Montpellier (France). He works on Greek agrarian economy, especially on cattle and animal husbandry. He is interested in various aspects of relations between men and domestic animals in ancient Greece. He is the author of L'élevage en Grèce (fin Ve–fin Ier s. a.C.). L'apport des sources épigraphiques (Bordeaux 2003).

Andrew Dalby is the author of many books on food in ancient cultures – Siren Feasts: a History of Food and Gastronomy in Greece (1996); Dangerous Tastes. The Story of Spices (2000); Empires of Pleasures. Luxury and Indulgence in the Roman World (2000); Food in the Ancient World. From A to Z (2003) – and the translator of Geopontika (2011).

John F. Donahue is Associate Professor and Chair in the Department of Classical Studies at The College of William and Mary in Virginia. He is author of The Roman Community at Table during the Principate (Ann Arbor 2004) and co-editor of Roman Dining (2005, with B. Gold). His volume Food and Drink in Greece and Rome: a Sourcebook, is forthcoming from Continuum Press.

Florence Dupont is Professor of Latin and Cultural Roman Anthropology at the University Paris-Diderot. She is an associate member of ANHIMA (Paris) and Program Director at the Collège International de Philosophie. She has published many books such as L’invention de la littérature (La Découverte 1994; in English at John Hopkins University Press 1999) and, with T. Eloi, L’érotisme masculin à Rome (Belin 2001).

Paul Erdkamp is Professor of Ancient History in the History Department at the Flemish Free University of Brussels. He is the author of Hunger and the Sword. Warfare and Food Supply in Roman Republican Wars (1998) and The Grain Market in the Roman Empire (2005), and editor of A Companion to the Roman Army (2007), A Cultural History of Food. Vol. 1. Antiquity (2011) and The Cambridge Companion to Ancient Rome (2012).

Sarah Hitch is a Leverhulme Early Career Fellow at Corpus Christi College, Oxford. She is the author of King of Sacrifice. Ritual and Royal Authority in the Iliad (CHS 2009) and the co-editor of a forthcoming volume of collected essays on Greek sacrifice, Animal Sacrifice in the Greek World (with I. Rutherford, Cambridge).

Richard Hunter is Regius Professor of Greek at Cambridge University.

Demetra Koukouzika reads Classics at the University of Thessaloniki.

Geoffrey Kron, educated at the University of Toronto, teaches Greek history at the University of Victoria (Canada). His research focuses on Greco-Roman social and economic history, including the ancient economy and the Bücher–Meyer controversy; Greek democracy and the influence of political and social democracy on the distribution of wealth and income and on economic development, both ancient and modern; social equality and living standards, including nutrition, housing, and public health in the ancient world; and Greek and Roman agriculture, particularly animal husbandry, aquaculture, and game farming.

Bruno Laurioux, born in 1959, has written many books and academic papers on medieval food. He specialized in medieval cookbooks and cookery and, more recently, in gastronomy and court life in the Middle Ages. He has taught at the Sorbonne and is now Professor at the University of Versailles and chairman of the scientific council of the European Institute for Food History and Culture (Tours).

Matthew Leigh is Professor of Classical Languages and Literature (Faculty of Classics) at St Anne’s College, University of Oxford.

Brigitte Lion is Professor of Ancient History at the Université de Lille III, France. Her research areas are the private archives of Mesopotamia, gender studies, wildlife, and food. She has co-edited De la domestication au tabou: le cas des suidés dans le Proche-Orient ancien (2006, with C. Michel) and Le banquet du monarque (2013, with C. Grandjean and C. Hugoniot).

François Lissarrague has been trained as a classicist at the Sorbonne. He wrote his dissertation under P. Vidal-Naquet’s supervision and became a researcher at the CNRS in 1980. He is currently Directeur d’études at the EHESS (École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales) holding a chair on Anthropology and Images: the Greek experience. He is the author of several books on ancient Greek imagery, among them A City of Images (1989), The Aesthetics of Greek Banquet (1990), Greek Vases: the Athenians and their Images (2001) and more recently La Cité des Satyres (2013).

Stephen Mitchell is Professor Emeritus at the Department of Classics and Ancient History, University of Exeter.

Nicolas Monteix is an archaeologist and a Lecturer at the University of Rouen, France.

Oswyn Murray inaugurated the study of the symposion in the Anglophone world with his conference proceedings of 1984, published as Sympotica (1990); he has been engaged in sympotic studies ever since. From 1968 to 2004 he was Fellow and Tutor in Ancient History at Balliol College, Oxford.

Dimitra Mylona studies fishing in ancient Greece and has published Fish-Eating in Greece from the Fifth Century B.C. to the Seventh Century A.D. (2008).

Robin Nadeau is an ancient historian. He is an Assistant Professor of Classics at Laurentian University (Canada) and an Honorary University Fellow at the University of Exeter (UK). Trained in Paris, he published Les manières de table dans le monde gréco-romain (2010) and has taken part in many other projects on food history and eating behaviors in ancient history.

Martin Pitts is a Lecturer in the Department of Classics and Ancient History at the University of Exeter. His principal research involves gaining new insights into social trends and foodways in late Iron Age to Roman NW Europe through the use of quantitative approaches to material culture, especially ceramics.

Mark Robinson is Professor of Environmental Archaeology at the University of Oxford. He has undertaken extensive research on the environmental archaeology of Pompeii and Herculaneum.

Jordan D. Rosenblum is Belzer Associate Professor of Classical Judaism in the Religious Studies department, Mosse/Weinstein Center for Jewish Studies, at the University of Wisconsin–Madison. He is the author of Food and Identity in Early Rabbinic Judaism (Cambridge, 2010).

Erica Rowan is a DPhil student at the University of Oxford. Her research focuses on Roman diet and nutrition, archaeobotany and ancient social history. She has an MSt in Classical Archaeology from Oxford as well as a BHSc in Health Sciences and BA in Classics from McMaster University.

Françoise Sabban is Professor (Directrice d’études) at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (Paris). She belongs to the Centre d’études sur la Chine moderne et contemporaine. She is the co-editor of Le temps de manger. Alimentation, emploi du temps et rythmes sociaux (1993 with M. Aymard and C. Grignon) and Un aliment sain dans un corps sain – Perspectives historiques (2007 with F. Audouin-Rouzeau). She is the co-author of Pasta. The Story of a Universal Food (2002 with S. Serventi), the co-author and the co-editor of Atlante dell'alimentazione e della gastronomia, Vols 1, 2 (2004 with M. Montanari).

Paul Scade is a post-doctoral Research Fellow in the Philosophy Department at the Central European University in Budapest. He is working on various questions surrounding Stoic ontological thought and the relationship between Plato and early Stoicism.

Pauline Schmitt Pantel is Emerita Professor of Ancient History at Paris 1 Pantheon-Sorbonne University. She is the author of La cité au Banquet (2nd edn 2011) and of many other publications on feasting, religion, gender and politics in ancient Greece: Religion in the Ancient Greek City (1992 with L. Bruit Zaidman); History of Women in the West, vol. 1 (ed. 2000); Hommes illustres. Moeurs et politique à Athènes au Ve siècle (2009) and Aithra et Pandora. Femmes, genre et cité dans la Grèce antique (2009).

Dennis E. Smith is Professor of New Testament at Phillips Theological Seminary in Tulsa, OK, USA.

Elke Stein-Hölkeskamp is an ancient historian. She is the author of Das römische Gastmahl. Eine Kulturgeschichte (2005).

Pierre Tallet, born in 1966, is an alumnus of the École Normale Supérieure and Professor of History. From 1995 to 2001 he was a member of the French Institute of Oriental Archaeology in Cairo. He is currently Professor at the University IV Paris-Sorbonne, and directs several programs of archaeological excavations in Egypt.

Konrad Vössing is Professor of Ancient History at the Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms University at Bonn (Germany). He is the author of Mensa Regia. Das Bankett beim hellenistischen König und beim römischen Kaiser (2004) and edited a volume on the symposium: Das römische Bankett im Spiegel der Altertumswissenschaften (2008).

David Waines is Emeritus Professor of Islamic Studies, Lancaster University. He has written extensively on Islamic food and is the author of Introduction to Islam (2nd edn 2003) and The Odyssey of Ibn Battuta: Uncommon Tales of a Medieval Adventurer (London 2010).

John Wilkins is Professor of Greek Culture at the University of Exeter. Books include Food in Antiquity (ed. 1995), Food in the Ancient World (2006) and Galien: Sur les facultés des aliments (2013).

Abbreviations

AE
1888–. Année épigraphique.
Amyx
Amyx, D.A. 1988. Corinthian Vase-Painting of the Archaic Period. Oxford.
ARV
Beazley, H.D. 1963. Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters. Oxford.
CIL
Mommsen, T., Hirschfeld, O., Domaszewski, A., ed. 1893–1955. Corpus Inscriptonum Latinarum. 2nd edn. Berlin.
CMG
1908–. Corpus Medicorum Graecorum. Leipzig.
FGrH
Jacoby, F. 1923–58. Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker. Berlin.
FHG
Müller, C., Müller, T., ed., 1841–1870. Fragmenta Historicorum Graecorum, Paris.
IG IV2
Hiller von Gaertringen, F., 1929. Inscriptiones Epidauri, editio minor, Berlin.
ILS
Dessau, H. 1892–1916. Inscriptiones Latinae Selectae. Berlin.
IOLB
Knipovič, T.N., Levi, E.I. 1968. Inscriptiones Olbiae (1917–1965). Leningrad.
IOSPE
Latyšev, B. 1885–1901. Inscriptiones antiquae orae septentrionalis Ponti Euxini Graecae et Latinae. Saint Petersburg.
KA
Kassel, R., Austin, C., ed. 1983–. Poetae Comici Graeci, Berlin.
LIMC
Boardman, J. et al., ed. 1981–. Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae. Zurich.
MAMA
1928–. Monumenta Asiae Minoris Antiquae. Manchester.
OGIS
Dittenberger, W. 1903–1905. Orientis Graeci Inscriptiones Selectae. Leipzig (Hildesheim, 1986).
PMG
Page, D.L. 1962. Poetae Milici Graeci. Oxford.
RE
Pauly, A.F., Wissowa, G., 1893–1972. Paulys Realencyclopädie der classichen Alterstumswissenschaft. Stuttgart.
SEG
Pleket, H.W., Stroud, R.S., ed. 1923–. Supplementum epigraphicum Graecum. Amsterdam.
SIG3
Dittenberger, W., 1982. Sylloge Inscriptionum Graecarum. Hildersheim (repr. 1920 edn).
TAM
Österreichische Akademie der Wissenchaften. 1901–. Tituli Asiae Minoris. Vienna.
Thescra
2004–5. Thesaurus cultus et rituum antiquorum. Los Angeles.