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Title page image

Trademark Acknowledgments

Contact Us

Credits

About the Author

Author’s Acknowledgments

How to Use This Book

Who This Book Is For

This book is for the reader who has never used this particular technology or software application. It is also for readers who want to expand their knowledge.

The Conventions in This Book

001 Steps

This book uses a step-by-step format to guide you easily through each task. Numbered steps are actions you must do; bulleted steps clarify a point, step, or optional feature; and indented steps give you the result.

001 Notes

Notes give additional information — special conditions that may occur during an operation, a situation that you want to avoid, or a cross reference to a related area of the book.

001 Icons and Buttons

Icons and buttons show you exactly what you need to click to perform a step.

001 Tips

Tips offer additional information, including warnings and shortcuts.

001 Bold

Bold type shows command names, options, and text or numbers you must type.

001 Italics

Italic type introduces and defines a new term.

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Teach Yourself VISUALLY™ MacBook®

Chapter 1

Getting Started with Your MacBook

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Apple’s MacBook laptops are among the best portable computers you can get. The MacBook models — the powerful MacBook Pro, the lightweight MacBook Air, and the ultraportable 12-inch MacBook — enable you to work or play anywhere that suits you.

Each MacBook comes with macOS, Apple’s easy-to-use operating system. This chapter shows you how to set up your MacBook, navigate the macOS interface, and perform essential actions.

Understanding the MacBook Models

Set Up Your MacBook

Start Your MacBook and Log In

Explore the macOS Desktop

Point and Click with the Trackpad

Connect to a Wireless Network

Give Commands

Open, Close, and Manage Windows

Using Notifications

Put Your MacBook to Sleep and Wake It Up

Log Out, Shut Down, and Resume

Understanding the MacBook Models

MacBook is the family name for Apple’s laptop computers. As of this writing, the MacBook family includes the MacBook Pro, the MacBook Air, and the MacBook usually called simply “MacBook” but also known as “12-inch MacBook” to distinguish it from the MacBook Air and MacBook Pro.

Each MacBook has similar core features, such as the display for viewing information and the keyboard and trackpad for entering data and controlling the computer. Beyond that, the MacBook models differ in various ways, from design, size, and weight to screen size, memory and storage capacity, and processor type and speed.

Identify Your MacBook’s Main Features

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dga.eps Display

The MacBook’s display provides a sharp, bright, and colorful view into all that you do.

dgb.eps Camera

The built-in camera enables you to videoconference, take photos, and more.

dgc.eps Keyboard

Along with the standard letter and number keys, the keyboard provides function keys to control your MacBook. The keyboard has a backlight that illuminates automatically when you are using the MacBook in dim light, enabling you to see what you are doing.

dgd.eps Trackpad

The trackpad enables you to manipulate objects on the screen using finger gestures. The entire trackpad is also the button that you click or double-click to give commands. On some MacBook models, you can also use a pressing movement called force-touch or 3D touch to access commands quickly.

dge.eps Ports

The ports connect your MacBook to other devices, such as external drives, external displays, iPods, and so on. Different MacBook models have different ports.

dgf.eps Microphones

The microphones enable you to use your MacBook for audio and video calls without needing to connect a headset.

dgg.eps Speakers

The speakers enable you to listen to music or other audio.

Meet Your MacBook’s Keyboard

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dga.eps Brightness

Press image to decrease your screen’s brightness or image to increase it.

dgb.eps Mission Control

Press image to open Mission Control so you can quickly move between working spaces.

dgc.eps Launchpad

Press image to open or close the Launchpad.

dgd.eps Keyboard Backlight Brightness

Press image to decrease the brightness of the keyboard backlighting, or press image to increase it.

dge.eps Previous/Rewind

Press image to move to the previous item or rewind in iTunes and other applications.

dgf.eps Play/Pause

Press image to play or pause iTunes and other applications.

dgg.eps Next/Fast Forward

Press image to move to the next item or fast-forward in iTunes and other applications.

dgh.eps Volume

Press image to mute your MacBook, image to turn the volume down, and image to turn it up.

dgi.eps Power Button

Press the Power button to turn on your MacBook; press and hold the Power button to force your MacBook to turn off.

dgj.eps Alternate Function Key

Hold down the Alternate Function key while pressing a function key to perform the alternate task.

dgk.eps Modifier Keys

Macs and macOS use four modifier keys that you press to enter capital letters or symbols or to invoke keyboard shortcuts. As usual, you press Shift (image) to type capital letters or the symbols that appear on the upper part of the keys. You press Command (image), Option (image), and Control (image) to give keyboard shortcuts.

dgl.eps Arrow Keys

Press the arrow keys to move around the screen.

Each MacBook model includes two or more ports that enable you to connect other devices to it. For example, a Thunderbolt port enables you to connect external displays or drives to your MacBook, a standard USB port enables you to connect any of a wide range of USB devices, and a USB-C port combines connectivity with the capability to charge the battery. Different MacBook models have different sets of ports.

Identifying the Ports on Your MacBook

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dga.eps Connect the MacBook’s power adapter to this port. The MagSafe 2 connector attaches magnetically, providing a secure connection but detaching easily if force is applied — for example, if someone’s foot snags the power cord.

dgb.eps Use these ports to connect USB devices — such as an iPhone, an external drive, or a printer — to your MacBook. The ports support USB 1.1, 2, and 3 versions, enabling you to connect a wide range of devices.

You can connect USB devices directly to the USB ports. If you need to connect multiple devices, connect a USB hub to a USB port on the MacBook, and then connect the devices to the ports on the hub.

dgc.eps This port looks like a standard analog headphone port, but it works for both analog and digital audio and combines audio output and audio input. For analog audio output, simply connect headphones or analog speakers. For digital audio output, use a TOSLINK cable to connect digital audio equipment, such as surround-sound speakers. For audio input, connect a microphone or other sound input device.

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dgd.eps You connect the MacBook’s charger or a standard USB-C cable to this port. The port combines quick charging, data transfer at USB 3’s high speeds, and video output. For video output, you need to use an adapter such as Apple’s USB-C Digital Apple TV Multiport Adapter, which provides an HDMI port, a regular USB port, and a USB-C charging port.

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dge.eps You can insert SDHC, SDXC, and other types of SD cards here so you can store files or transfer files to or from your MacBook.

The SDXC card slot accepts regular-size SD cards, which are 32mm × 24mm × 2.1mm. To use a miniSD card or a microSD card, get an adapter.

Standard-size SDXC cards protrude from the SDXC slot. This makes them easy to remove but even easier to damage if you leave them in the slot while transporting your MacBook. If you need to leave an SD card in the slot, get a microSD card and a low-profile adapter such as those made by Baseqi (www.baseqi.com).

dgf.eps Thunderbolt Port

Use this high-speed port to connect external displays and Thunderbolt external drives to your MacBook. Thunderbolt uses the same connector size as Mini DisplayPort, a standard for connecting displays to computers. The Thunderbolt port includes the Mini DisplayPort connections, so you can connect an external display via Thunderbolt. You can link one Thunderbolt device to another, so you can run multiple devices off a single Thunderbolt port.

Understanding the Touch Bar

Some MacBook models include the Touch Bar, a flat sensor strip that replaces the row of physical function keys at the top of the keyboard with virtual keys that change depending on the app and the actions available to you.

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dga.eps Siri

Tap Siri (image) to launch the Siri virtual assistant.

dgb.eps Expand Button

When the Touch Bar appears as shown here, tap Expand (<) to display standard functions, such as Decrease Brightness (image), Increase Brightness (image), Mission Control (image), Launchpad (image), Decrease Keyboard Brightness (image), Increase Keyboard Brightness (image), Previous (image), Play (image), Next (image), Mute (image), Decrease Volume (image), and Increase Volume (image).

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dgc.eps App-Specific Keys

In an app such as Safari, the Touch Bar displays keys for taking actions such as opening web pages on the Top Sites list and navigating among open pages.

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dgd.eps Regular Function Keys on the Touch Bar

Press image to display the regular function keys on the Touch Bar. You can then tap these keys to get their regular actions.

Set Up Your MacBook

If you have just bought your MacBook, you need to set up macOS and create your user account before you can use it. Your user account is where you store your files and settings on the MacBook.

The first user account you create is an administrator account, which can create other accounts later for other users. You may also choose to create a personal account for yourself, leaving the administrator account strictly for administration.

Set Up Your MacBook

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001.eps Position your MacBook on a desk or table and connect its power supply.

002.eps Press the power button on your MacBook.

Note: On most MacBook models, the power button is at the upper-right corner of the keyboard. On the MacBook models with Touch Bar, the power button is at the right end of the Touch Bar and doubles as the fingerprint reader.

The Welcome screen appears.

003.eps Click your country.

dga.eps Click Show All (image changes to image) if your country does not appear at first.

004.eps Click Continue (image).

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The Select Your Keyboard screen appears.

005.eps Click your keyboard layout; for example, U.S.

dgb.eps If your keyboard layout does not appear at first, click Show All (image changes to image) to display all keyboard layouts.

006.eps Click Continue (image).

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dgc.eps You can click Back (image) at any stage in the setup process if you need to go back and change a choice you made.

The Transfer Information to This Mac screen appears.

007.eps Click Don’t transfer any information now (image changes to image).

Note: If you need to transfer data from another Mac or a backup, click From a Mac, Time Machine backup, or startup disk (image changes to image) and then click Continue (image). If you need to transfer data from Windows, click From a Windows PC (image changes to image) and then click Continue (image).

008.eps Click Continue (image).

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The Enable Location Services screen appears.

009.eps Click Enable Location Services on this Mac (image changes to image) if you want to use Location Services.

010.eps Click Continue (image).

The Sign In with Your Apple ID screen appears.

011.eps Click Sign in with your Apple ID (image changes to image).

012.eps Type your Apple ID.

013.eps Type your password.

dgd.eps You can click Create new Apple ID to create a new Apple ID.

Note: If you neither have nor want an Apple ID, click Don’t sign in (image changes to image).

014.eps Click Continue (image).

When creating an account, you can use either your full name or a shortened version. You can edit the username that macOS suggests based on that name. You can choose whether to set a password hint to help yourself remember your password. You can also choose whether to let your Apple ID reset the password, enabling you to recover from a lost password by logging in using your Apple ID.

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The Terms and Conditions screen appears.

015.eps Click Agree (image).

A confirmation dialog opens.

016.eps Click Agree in the dialog.

The dialog closes.

The Create a Computer Account screen appears.

017.eps Type your name the way you want it to appear in the Full Name box.

018.eps Change the account name that macOS suggests as needed.

019.eps Type a new password twice, once in each Password box.

020.eps Optionally, type a password hint.

021.eps Select (image) Allow my Apple ID to reset this password.

022.eps Select (image) Set time zone based on current location to enable macOS to set the time and date automatically.

023.eps Click Continue (image).

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The All Your Files in iCloud screen appears.

024.eps Select (image) Store files from Documents and Desktop in iCloud Drive if you want to store these folders in iCloud. See the first tip.

025.eps Click Continue (image).

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The Analytics screen appears.

026.eps Click Share Mac Analytics with Apple (image changes to image) if you do not want to send this data.

027.eps Click Share crash data with app developers (image changes to image) if you do not want to share data generated about apps that crash.

028.eps Click Continue (image).

The Setting Up Your Mac screen appears while macOS sets up your MacBook.

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The macOS desktop appears, and you can start using your MacBook as explained in the rest of this book.

Start Your MacBook and Log In

When you are ready to start a computing session, start your MacBook and log in to macOS with the credentials for the user account you have set up or an administrator has created for you. After you start your MacBook, macOS loads and automatically displays the login screen by default or logs you in automatically. From the login screen, you can select your username and type your password.

When you log in, macOS displays the desktop with your apps and settings.

Start Your MacBook and Log In

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001.eps Press the power button on your MacBook.

A screen showing the list of users appears.

Note: Your MacBook may not display the list of users and login window. Instead, it may simply log you in automatically or show a different login screen. Chapter 12 shows you how to change this behavior.

Note: You may need to swipe right with two fingers on the trackpad to display your username. Alternatively, start typing the username to display it.

dga.eps The message “Your password is required to log in” appears on a Touch Bar–equipped MacBook when Touch ID is not available, such as after restarting the MacBook.

002.eps Click your username.

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The login window appears.

003.eps Type your password in the Enter Password box.

dgb.eps If you cannot remember your password, click Hint (image).

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dgc.eps macOS displays the password hint below the Enter Password box.

004.eps Type your password.

005.eps Click Log In (image).

Note: Instead of clicking Log In (image), you can press image.

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The MacBook displays your desktop, the menu bar, and the Dock. You can now start using the MacBook.

Explore the macOS Desktop

Your MacBook runs the macOS operating system, which is currently in version 10.13, a version called High Sierra. The Macintosh operating system has long been known for being very intuitive and is also pleasing to look at. It was the first major system interface to focus on graphical elements, such as icons. The macOS desktop is the overall window through which you view all that happens on your MacBook, such as looking at the contents of folders, working on documents, and surfing the Web.

Explore the macOS Desktop

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dga.eps Menu Bar

A menu bar usually appears at the top of the screen so that you can access the commands it contains. macOS hides the menu bar in certain situations. The menu bar shows the menus for the active application.

dgb.eps Drives

The MacBook stores its data, including the software it needs to work, on an internal drive. This drive is a solid-state device, or SSD, rather than an external drive with moving platters, but it is often referred to as an external drive. You can also connect external drives for extra storage.

dgc.eps SuperDrive

You can connect an external SuperDrive or other compatible optical drive to read from and write to CDs and DVDs.

dgd.eps Folders

Folders are containers that you use to organize files and other folders stored on your MacBook.

dge.eps Files

Files include documents, applications, or other sources of data. There are various kinds of documents, such as text, graphics, songs, or movies.

dgf.eps Finder Windows

You view the contents of drives, folders, and other objects in Finder windows.

dgg.eps App and Document Windows

When you use apps, you use the windows that those apps display, for documents, web pages, games, and so on.

Finder Menu Bar and Menus

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dga.eps Apple Menu

This menu is always visible so that you can access special commands, such as Shut Down and Log Out.

dgb.eps Finder Menu

This menu enables you to control the Finder app itself. For example, you can display information about Finder or set preferences to control how it behaves.

dgc.eps File Menu

This menu contains commands you can use to work with files and Finder windows.

dgd.eps Edit Menu

This menu is not as useful in Finder as it is in other applications, but here you can undo what you have done or copy and paste information.

dge.eps View Menu

This menu enables you to determine how you view the desktop; it is especially useful for choosing Finder window views.

dgf.eps Go Menu

This menu takes you to various places, such as specific folders.

dgg.eps Window Menu

This menu enables you to work with open Finder windows.

dgh.eps Help Menu

This menu provides help with macOS or the other applications.

dgi.eps Configurable Menus

You can configure the menu bar to include specific menus, such as Screen Mirroring, Volume, Wi-Fi, Battery, and many more.

dgj.eps Clock

Here you see the current day and time.

dgk.eps Fast User Switching

This feature enables you to switch user accounts and open the Login window.

dgl.eps Spotlight Menu

This menu enables you to search for information on your MacBook.

The Finder app controls the macOS desktop, and so you see its menu bar whenever you work with this application. When you view the contents of a folder, you do so through a Finder window. There are many ways to view the contents of a Finder window, such as Icon view and List view. The sidebar enables you to quickly navigate the file system and to open files and folders with a single click. The Dock on the desktop and the sidebar in Finder windows enable you to access items quickly and easily.

Finder Windows

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dga.eps Close Button

Click to close a window.

dgb.eps Minimize Button

Click to shrink a window and move it onto the Dock.

dgc.eps Zoom Button

Click to expand a Finder window to the maximum size needed or possible; click it again to return to the previous size.

dgd.eps Window Title

The name of the location whose contents you see in the window.

dge.eps Toolbar

Contains tools you use to work with files and folders.

dgf.eps Search Box

Enables you to find files, folders, and other information.

dgg.eps Sidebar

Enables you to quickly access devices, folders, files, and tags, as well as searches you have saved.

dgh.eps Files and Folders

Shows the contents of a location within a window; this example shows the Icon view.

dgi.eps Status Bar

Shows information about the current location, such as the amount of free space when you are viewing the MacBook’s drive.

dgj.eps Window Border

Drag a border or a corner to change the size of a window.

dgk.eps Path Bar

Shows the path to the location of the folder displayed in the window.

dgl.eps Tab Bar

Enables you to open multiple tabs containing different Finder locations within the same Finder window and quickly switch among them.

Dock and Sidebar

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dga.eps Favorites

Contains files, folders, searches, and other items that you can open by clicking them.

dgb.eps iCloud

Shows the folders you have stored in your space on iCloud Drive, such as Desktop and Documents.

dgc.eps Devices

Contains your internal drive, any DVD or CD in an external optical drive, external drives, and other devices that your MacBook Pro can access.

dgd.eps Shared

Displays computers and other resources being shared on a network.

dge.eps Tags

Shows the list of tags you can apply to files and folders to help you identify and sort them easily.

dgf.eps Dock

Shows apps, files, and folders you can access with a single click, along with apps currently running.

dgg.eps Dock Divider Line

Divides the left side of the Dock from the right side. You can press image + click the line to display the contextual menu for configuring the Dock.

dgh.eps Apps

Icons on the left side of the Dock are for apps; each open app has a dark dot under its icon unless you turn off this preference.

dgi.eps Files, Folders, and Minimized Windows

Icons on the right side of the Dock are for files, folders, and minimized windows. The default Dock includes the Downloads folder for files you download from the Internet.

dgj.eps Trash/Eject

macOS puts items you delete in the Trash; to get rid of them, you empty the Trash. When you select an ejectable device, such as a DVD, the Trash icon changes to the Eject icon.

Point and Click with the Trackpad

To tell the MacBook what you want to do, slide your finger across the trackpad to move the on-screen pointer over the object with which you want to work. After you point to an object, you press the trackpad down to click, telling the computer what you want to do with the object. The number of times you click, and the manner in which you click, determine what happens to the object you point at.

Point and Click with the Trackpad

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Point and Click

001.eps Slide your finger across the trackpad until the pointer points at the appropriate icon.

002.eps Press the trackpad once to click the trackpad. This is a single click.

dga.eps The object becomes highlighted, indicating that it is now selected.

Double-Click

001.eps Slide your finger across the trackpad until the pointer points at the appropriate icon.

002.eps Click the trackpad twice.

Your selection opens.

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Point, Click, and Drag

001.eps Slide your finger across the trackpad until the pointer points at the appropriate icon.

002.eps Press down the trackpad and hold it.

The object at which you were pointing becomes attached to the arrow and remains so until you release the trackpad.

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003.eps Drag your finger on the trackpad to move the object.

004.eps When you get to the object’s new position, release the trackpad.

Note: Dragging an item to a different external drive, flash drive, or disk volume copies it there. Changing an item’s location on the same drive moves the item instead.

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Secondary Click (Control + Click)

001.eps Point to an object in a Finder window or on the desktop, or to the desktop itself.

Note: To select more than one item at the same time, press and hold image while you click each item you want to select.

002.eps Press image + click the trackpad.

A contextual menu appears.

003.eps Point to the appropriate command on the menu and click the trackpad once to give the command.

Connect to a Wireless Network

If you have set up a wireless network, you can connect your MacBook to it. Wireless networks are convenient for both homes and businesses because they require no cables and are fast and easy to set up.

Your MacBook includes a wireless network feature that uses some of the wireless network standards called Wi-Fi. You can control wireless networks directly from the Wi-Fi menu at the right end of the menu bar. To connect to a Wi-Fi network, you need to know its name and password.

Connect to a Wireless Network

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Note: If you connected your MacBook to a wireless network during setup, you do not need to set up the connection to the same network again.

001.eps Click Wi-Fi status (image) on the menu bar.

The menu opens.

Note: If the list of wireless networks appears on the menu, go to step 4.

002.eps Click Turn Wi-Fi On.

macOS turns Wi-Fi on.

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003.eps Click Wi-Fi status (image) on the menu bar.

The menu opens and displays a list of the wireless networks your MacBook can detect.

dga.eps A lock icon (image) indicates that the network is secured with a password or other security mechanism.

dgb.eps The signal strength icon (image) indicates the relative strength of the network’s signal.

004.eps Click the network to which you want to connect your MacBook.

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If the wireless network uses a password, your MacBook prompts you to enter it.

005.eps Type the password in the Password box.

dgc.eps If you want to see the characters of the password to help you type it, click Show password (image changes to image).

dgd.eps If you do not want your MacBook to remember this wireless network for future use, deselect (image) Remember this network.

006.eps Click Join.

Your MacBook connects to the wireless network, and you can start using network resources.

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dge.eps The number of arcs on the Wi-Fi status icon (image) indicates the strength of the connection, and ranges from one arc to four arcs.

007.eps To see more details about the wireless network, press image and click Wi-Fi status (image) on the menu bar.

dgf.eps The network’s details appear, including the physical mode, the wireless channel, and the security type.