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Mediterranean Diet Cookbook For Dummies®

To view this book's Cheat Sheet, simply go to www.dummies.com and search for “Mediterranean Diet Cookbook For Dummies Cheat Sheet” in the Search box.

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The Mediterranean diet relies heavily on legumes for protein and health benefits. Start with a Mediterranean Lentil Salad (Chapter 14) and make your main course the Pork Sausage with White Beans and Tomatoes (Chapter 19).

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With the Mediterranean diet, you can fuse different countries from the region together to make your own unique, delicious meals. Start with a Greek Salad from Chapter 10 and include the Paella from Chapter 18. You get your opa and your olé all in one meal.

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If your family is more into meat and potatoes, you can still embrace the Mediterranean diet. Whip up the Zesty Mediterranean Flank Steak recipe (Chapter 19) with a side of the Garlic and Lemon Roasted Potatoes (Chapter 12) for those hearty souls.

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You can make an entire meal or put together a spread for the big game from an assortment of appetizers and starters with the Mediterranean diet. Chapter 8 has numerous recipes including the Hummus, Tomato and Mozzarella Bites, and Italian Bruschetta.

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Introduce your family and friends to a North African dinner with the Moroccan Chicken with Tomato and Zucchini recipe in Chapter 17 over a bed of Moroccan Couscous from Chapter 13.

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Mix up your meals to add some variety. You can make your entree a salad with a small side dish and a carbohydrate. Try the Apple and Walnut Salad (Chapter 10) with a side of the Dilled Eggs (Chapter 7). You can add one or two Lemon Scones (Chapter 7) for a touch of sweetness.

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Not every Mediterranean dessert is heavy like baklava. Chapter 20 offers several light and tasty dessert options, such as the Lemon Ices, Date and Walnut Drops, and Pucker Up Lemon Polenta Cookies pictured here.

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The Mediterranean diet includes pasta and other favorites in reasonable portions. Consider this Tortellini with Vegetables and Pesto recipe from Chapter 15 (with the separate Pesto recipe in Chapter 9). Add Italian Bread Salad from Chapter 10 to transport you to Italia.

Introduction

Imagine the Mediterranean Sea, where the water and the land are big parts of life. Picture people eating fresh foods and relaxing with friends and family. That image is the essence of the traditional Mediterranean diet. In other words, the Mediterranean diet is part of certain lifestyle habits, including diet, physical activity, stress management, and fun, used in various regions of the Mediterranean coast. Research has shown that people who live in these areas have less heart disease and better longevity. Throughout this book, you uncover more about the details of these habits and how they affect your health and well-being. You can dive in and use all these concepts as a way of life or adopt a few of the strategies that work for you.

No matter what inspired you to pick up this second edition of Mediterranean Diet Cookbook For Dummies, we know that changing habits isn’t always easy. These particular life strategies can be challenging because they all focus on one main trend — slowing down — that’s at odds with many people’s busy lifestyles. Our goal in this book is to show you that implementing a Mediterranean diet and lifestyle can be simple and flavorful. You don’t have to follow a strict dietary plan or omit any foods; in fact, the Mediterranean diet is more about adding than taking away. This book is here to help you make small changes so you can find more balance in your life.

About This Book

If you’re curious about using the Mediterranean style of cooking in your life, Mediterranean Diet Cookbook For Dummies, 2nd Edition, is the perfect book for you. In the following pages, you can find historical information about the region, the balance of foods the people there eat, the health benefits of this style of eating, and more than 160 recipes full of delicious flavor. You also find some cooking tips and meal-planning tools to help make your transition simple.

You can use this book as a resource, and you don’t have to read it from cover to cover. Instead, you can find that perfect recipe you’ve been looking for or head straight to the chapter on meal planning (that’d be Chapter 4) to get examples of how to pull meals together easily. You find everything you need to begin making changes toward a Mediterranean style of life.

Conventions Used in This Book

Like with all cookbooks, we recommend that you read all the way through each recipe before you start making it. That way, you can account for any necessary refrigeration time, marinating time, and so on and for any special tools, such as a stick blender, that the recipe may require.

Here are a few other guidelines to keep in mind about the recipes in this book:

Although most of the recipes in this book require relatively few ingredients, we include a few classics that have longer ingredient lists; a culinary tour of the Mediterranean just wouldn’t be complete without these dishes. Don’t be intimidated by the longer lists of ingredients. They may look overwhelming, but the recipes themselves are still pretty simple.

Finally, we include the following basic conventions throughout the rest of the book:

Foolish Assumptions

When writing this book, we made the following few assumptions about you, our dear reader:

Icons Used in This Book

The icons in this book are like bookmarks, pointing out information that we think is especially important. Here are the icons we use and the kind of information they point out:

remember Even if you forget everything else in this book, remember the paragraphs marked with this icon. They help you make good choices and stay on track with your health goals.

technicalstuff The information marked with this icon is interesting to know, but it goes beyond what’s essential for your basic understanding. If you’re the type of person who likes to know more about any particular topic, you’ll enjoy these tidbits. If not, feel free to skip ’em.

tip This helpful icon marks important information that can save you time and energy, so make sure you don’t overlook it.

warning Watch out for this icon; it warns you about potential problems and common pitfalls of implementing a Mediterranean diet into your lifestyle.

Where to Go from Here

Where to go from here depends on your immediate needs. Ready to start cooking and want to make some fabulous seafood tonight? Head over to Chapter 18. Interested in finding out more about the health benefits of the Mediterranean diet? Sit back and read Chapter 2.

For an online Cheat Sheet with helpful information that you can refer to again and again, head to www.dummies.com/cheatsheet/mediterraneandietcookbook.

If you’re not sure where you want to begin, peruse the table of contents, pick out the topics that mean the most to you, and start there. Mediterranean Diet Cookbook For Dummies, 2nd Edition, contains a wide variety of recipes, so we encourage you try as many as you can at your own pace. We hope that you end up with lots of smudge marks on this book because you use it so lovingly and frequently in your kitchen.

Part 1

Exploring the Mediterranean Lifestyle

IN THIS PART …

Know the history of the Mediterranean diet and how researchers found that those individuals who live in specific regions of the Mediterranean had an interesting connection between lifestyle habits and improved longevity, as well as a reduced risk of heart disease and cancer.

Discover the seasonal foods and dietary patterns that make up what is now called the Mediterranean diet.

Examine the main components of the Mediterranean diet including key antioxidants, phytochemicals, vitamins, healthy fats, fiber, and functional foods. Recognize how those foods impact health and wellness.

Understand the scientific research behind the Mediterranean diet and its health benefits.

Use the Mediterranean diet as a weight loss tool and discover how to lose weight in a healthy, sustainable way.

Chapter 1

Introducing the Mediterranean Diet

IN THIS CHAPTER

check Exploring the origins of the Mediterranean diet

check Focusing on Mediterranean lifestyle habits

check Peeking at the Mediterranean food guide pyramid

When you picture the Mediterranean diet, you may imagine the sea lapping up on a beach near a quaint village whose residents are lounging and eating fresh grapes and olives. That picture is a good start. The Mediterranean diet is a way of life — one where you eat lots of fresh food and slow down. More technically, the Mediterranean diet is a modern set of guidelines inspired by traditional diet patterns of southern Italy, the Greek island of Crete, and other parts of Greece. The lifestyle was first researched in the 1960s, and in 2010, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) officially recognized this diet pattern to be part of the cultural heritage of Italy, Greece, Spain, and Morocco. A more rural lifestyle is a common thread among all these regions.

Research shows that following a traditional Mediterranean diet significantly reduces the risk of heart disease and cancer. The key word here is traditional. The Mediterranean region is changing, with faster-paced lifestyles and more modern conveniences. These changes bring with them an increased prevalence of heart disease and cancer.

remember For the purposes of this book, when you think of a Mediterranean lifestyle and dietary patterns, the focus is on the traditional habits seen at least 50 years ago in the regions we note here. For instance, if you visited northern Italy in a recent trip, you may not have experienced any of the dietary patterns we promote in this book. So no, that huge portion of butter-laden pasta you had doesn’t qualify for this diet.

Although diet is a big component of the health benefits experienced in the Mediterranean, all the lifestyle patterns combined, including physical activity and relaxation, may provide insight into the health benefits found in this region. This chapter serves as your jumping-off point into the Mediterranean diet and breaks down the Mediterranean dietary patterns and lifestyle choices that you can use as strategies for your own healthy lifestyle.

Identifying the Flavors of the Mediterranean Coast

The Mediterranean Sea is actually part of the Atlantic Ocean; a total of 21 countries have a coastline on the Mediterranean. However, only a few truly epitomize the Mediterranean diet and lifestyle that we discuss in this book. Having a decent understanding of these countries and their cooking styles can help you have a better appreciation for this way of life.

The recipes in this book are inspired by Mediterranean cooking — specifically, the areas of southern Italy, Greece, Morocco, and Spain. Although you may see some of the same ingredients in many recipes, the flavors used in different countries or regions create entirely different dishes. For example, if you’ve eaten both Italian and Greek meatballs, you know that the two varieties sure don’t taste the same. Table 1-1 lists some of the countries in the Mediterranean that are part of this lifestyle and the associated flavors and cooking styles commonly used in those areas.

TABLE 1-1 Common Mediterranean Flavors by Region

Region

Commonly Used Ingredients

Overall Cuisine Flavor

Southern Italy

Anchovies, balsamic vinegar, basil, bay leaf, capers, garlic, mozzarella cheese, olive oil, oregano, parsley, peppers, pine nuts, mushrooms, prosciutto, rosemary, sage, thyme, tomatoes

Italian food is rich and savory, with strongly flavored ingredients. Look for tomato-based sauces and even an occasional kick of spicy heat.

Greece

Basil, cucumbers, dill, fennel, feta cheese, garlic, honey, lemon, mint, olive oil, oregano, yogurt

Greek cooking runs the gamut from tangy with citrus accents to savory. Ingredients such as feta cheese add a strong, bold flavor, while yogurt helps provide a creamy texture and soft flavor.

Morocco

Cinnamon, cumin, dried fruits, ginger, lemon, mint, paprika, parsley, pepper, saffron, turmeric

Moroccan cooking uses exotic flavors that encompass both sweet and savory, often in one dish. The food has strong flavors but isn’t necessarily spicy.

Spain

Almonds, anchovies, cheeses (from goats, cows, and sheep), garlic, ham, honey, olive oil, onions, oregano, nuts, paprika, rosemary, saffron, thyme

Regardless of what part of Spain you’re in, you can always count on garlic and olive oil setting the stage for a flavorful dish. Spanish dishes are often inspired by Arabic and Roman cuisine with emphasis on fresh seafood. You often find combinations of savory and sweet flavors, such as a seafood stew using sweet paprika.

Discovering Where the Food Comes From

Although you may be used to cruising to the grocery store and buying whatever you need, folks on the Mediterranean coast 50 years ago didn’t roll that way. Instead, they depended on what was farmed and fished locally, making culinary specialties by using everything on hand. Those habits may be fading, but they’re still the cornerstone of the Mediterranean diet, and you can still embrace them by incorporating fresh foods into your meals even if you don’t live near the Mediterranean.

The following sections highlight where people in the Mediterranean get their food and why these strategies are so important.

Focusing on farming

In addition to creating travel-worthy beaches, a moderate climate of wet winters and hot summers makes many of the areas along the Mediterranean ideal for agriculture. As a result, people living in the Mediterranean area can grow their own food in gardens and small farms, and many do so. A few areas have this type of climate (similar to the climate of southern coastal California), which makes growing specialized foods like olives and fig trees easier, thus providing ingredients for some of the signature recipes from this region.

Many people in the Mediterranean also abundantly use fresh herbs, spices, onions, and garlic to provide big flavor to their cooking. Table 1-2 is a partial list of common foods grown on the Mediterranean coast; it can give you a glimpse of what fresh ingredients the recipes in Parts 3 and 4 use.

TABLE 1-2 Foods Commonly Grown in the Mediterranean

Category

Ingredient

Legumes

Chickpeas

Lentils

Peas

Fruits

Olives

Mandarin oranges

Figs

Grapes

Lemons

Persimmons

Pomegranates

Grains

Barley

Corn

Rice

Wheat

Herbs

Rosemary

Oregano

Sage

Parsley

Basil

Dill

Thyme

Mint

Fennel

Nuts

Almonds

Hazelnuts

Pine nuts

Walnuts

Vegetables

Asparagus

Broccoli

Cabbage

Green beans

Garlic

Onions

Eggplant

Tomatoes

Broccoli rabe

Artichokes

Eating seasonally

As a side effect of eating what they grow locally (see the preceding section), folks in the Mediterranean also eat seasonally; after all, you can’t eat what you can’t grow. Eating in-season food makes an impact for the following reasons:

  • Seasonal abundance makes you cook more creatively. If you have a plentiful amount of, say, green beans, you want to utilize them in any way possible. Finding different, tasty ways to prepare green beans as a side dish or as part of an entree requires more of a thought process, and more care goes into the food itself.
  • You eat an increased variety of produce throughout the year. On one hand, you may eat a lot of one food while it’s in season, but when that season’s over, you’ll switch to other foods associated with the new time of year. Relying on produce available year-round at the grocery store means you can easily get stuck in a rut of eating the same standbys throughout the year.

    remember More variety in produce means more variety of health-promoting nutrients that help you prevent disease. Although eating a few different types of fruits and vegetables throughout the year is better than nothing, getting a wide variety is the ultimate goal for good health.

We know that eating seasonally isn’t feasible for many people in certain climates. Don’t worry! We cover how you can adopt more of these ideas in Chapter 5.

Fishing the Mediterranean Sea

People in the Mediterranean area rely on the nearby sea as a food source. Fish appear in many common traditional recipes, providing a wealth of healthy omega-3 fatty acids. You can add seafood to a few weekly meals and reap the same benefits. The least expensive seafood in the Mediterranean region includes sardines, anchovies, mackerel, squid, and octopus. Mid-priced fish and shellfish include tuna, trout, clams, and mussels. For a pricey, special-occasion meal, options include lobster and red mullet.

During the 1960s, before the area was overfished, a variety of seafood was available in the Mediterranean. Unfortunately, fish stocks today are significantly low in the Mediterranean due to overfishing, and many important species, such as tuna, are threatened.