Details

Polymeric Materials for Solar Thermal Applications


Polymeric Materials for Solar Thermal Applications


1. Aufl.

von: Michael Köhl, Michaela Georgine Meir, Philippe Papillon, Gernot M. Wallner, Sandrin Saile

149,00 €

Verlag: Wiley-VCH
Format: EPUB
Veröffentl.: 14.08.2012
ISBN/EAN: 9783527659623
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 418

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Beschreibungen

Bridging the gap between basic science and technological applications, this is the first book devoted to polymers for solar thermal applications. Clearly divided into three major parts, the contributions are written by experts on solar thermal applications and polymer scientists alike. The first part explains the fundamentals of solar thermal energy especially for representatives of the plastics industry and researchers. Part two then goes on to provide introductory information on polymeric materials and processing for solar thermal experts. The third part combines both of these fields, discussing the potential of polymeric materials in solar thermal applications, as well as demands on durability, design and building integration. With its emphasis on applications, this monograph is relevant for researchers at universities and developers in commercial companies.
PART I PRINCIPLES Introduction Solar Irradiance in Technical Applications Quantifying Useful Solar Irradiation Solar Thermal Applications Calculating the Solar Contribution Conclusions SOLAR THERMAL MARKET Introduction Collector Types Regional Markets Market Trends THERMAL SOLAR ENERGY FOR POLYMER EXPERTS Solar Thermal Systems and Technical Requirements Overview of Solar Thermal Applications Solar Thermal Collectors Small to Medium Size Storages Sources of Further Information CONVENTIONAL COLLECTORS, HEAT STORES, AND COATINGS Collectors Material Properties of Insulations Heat Store Other Components Analysis of Typical Combisystems Definition of Polymeric Based Solar Thermal Systems Life Cycle Assessment Based on Cumulated Energy Demand, Energy Payback Time, and Overall Energy Savings Cumulated Energy Demand, Energy Payback Time, and Overall Energy Savings for Conventional and Polymeric Based Domestic Hot Water Systems THERMAL LOADS ON SOLAR COLLECTORS AND OPTIONS FOR THEIR REDUCTION Introduction Results of Monitoring Temperature Loads Measures for Reduction of the Temperature Loads STANDARDS, PERFORMANCE TESTS OF SOLAR THERMAL SYSTEMS Introduction Collectors Solar Thermal Systems Conclusion PART II PLASTICS MARKET POLYMERIC MATERIALS Introduction Material Structure and Morphology of Polymers Inner Mobility and Thermal Transitions of Polymers Polymer Additives and Compounds PROCESSING Structural Polymeric Materials Paint Coatings for Polymeric Solar Absorbers and Their Applications POLYMER DURABILITY FOR SOLAR THERMAL APPLICATIONS Introduction Polymeric Glazing Polymeric Absorbers and Heat Exchangers Conclusion PLASTICS PROPERTIES AND MATERIAL SELECTION Introduction How to Select the Right Material Material Databases Selection Criteria Real Life Example: Standard Collector in Plastic (1:1 Substitution) Summary Part III STATE OF THE ART: POLYMERIC MATERIALS IN SOLAR THERMAL APPLICATIONS Solar Collectors Small to Mid-Sized Polymeric Heat Stores Polymeric Liners for Seasonal Thermal Energy Stores STRUCTURAL POLYMERIC MATERIALS - AGING BEHAVIOR OF SOLAR ABSORBER MATERIALS THERMOTROPIC LAYERS FOR OVERHEATING PROTECTION OF ALL-POLYMERIC FLAT PLATE SOLAR COLLECTORS APPLICATION OF POSS COMPOUNDS FOR MODIFICATION OF THE WETTING PROPERTIES OF TISS PAINT COATINGS CONCEPTUAL DESIGN OF COLLECTORS Introduction Calculation of Collector Efficiency Flow Optimization Optimization of the Fluid Dynamics in Polymeric Collectors Collector Mechanics Conclusion COLLECTORS AND HEAT STORES Introduction Solar Absorber Made of High-Performance Plastics Flate Plate Collector with Overheating Protection Flat Plate Collectors with a Thermotropic Layer Solar Storage Tank with Polymeric Sealing Technology with Storage Volumes from 2 to 100 m3 DURABILITY TESTS OF POLYMERIC COMPONENTS Introduction Twenty Years Outdoor Weathering of Polymeric Materials for use as Collector Glazing Accelerated Lifetime Testing of a Polymeric Absorber Coating Evaluation of Temperature Resistance of a Polymer Absorber in a Solar Collector Determination of Water Vapor Transport through Polymeric Materials at Raised Temperatures ARCHITECTURALLY APPEALING SOLAR THERMAL SYSTEMS - A MARKETING TOOL IN ORDER TO ATTRACT NEW CUSTOMERS AND MARKET SEGMENTS Introduction Architectural Integration as a Marketing Tool Web Database Examples OBSTACLES FOR THE APPLICATION OF CURRENT STANDARDS Introduction Internal Absorber Pressure Test High-Temperature Resistance and Exposure Tests Mechanical Load Test Impact Resistance Test Discontinuous Efficiency Curves
“With its emphasis on applications, this monograph is relevant for researchers at universities and developers in commercial companies.” (ETDE Energy Database, 1 January 2013)
Dr.-Ing. Michael Köhl, physicist, has been actively involved in the field of solar energy conversion since 1977. He presently works on service-life analysis of solar collectors and photovoltaic modules in the department Weathering and Reliability at Fraunhofer ISE. He was the coordinator of the EU projects SUNFACE and SOLABS and leader of Subtask 5 of the IP PERFORMANCE. In 2011, he broadened this range with the EU project SCOOP. Dr. Köhl is the current Operating Agent of the Task 39 "Polymeric Materials for Solar Thermal Applications" of the Solar Heating and Cooling Programme of the International Energy Agency IE. Dr. scient. Michaela Meir, physicist, has been working with R&D on solar thermal and energy systems for more than 15 years, with particular focus on the development of solar collectors using polymeric materials. She is presently employed part-time by the University of Oslo and by Aventa AS. She is Chairman of the Norwegian Solar Energy Society board and leader of Subtask A "Information" of IEA SHC Task 39. Sandrin Saile, M.A. received her M.A. in British and North American Cultural Studies from the University of Freiburg. She joined the Fraunhofer ISE's department "Weathering and Reliability". in 2009 where she is responsible for the management and dissemination of the department's solar thermal activities, in particular the projects SCOOP and SpeedColl. Within IEA SHC Task 39 she is mainly active in Subtask A "Information" and played an active role in establishing the Solar Heating and Cooling Series. Prof. Dr. mont. Gernot M. Wallner, graduated with a "Diplomingenieur'' degree in Polymer Engineering and Science at the University of Leoben (Austria) in 1994, and he obtained a PhD degree in the same field at the University of Leoben in 2000. In 2008 Prof. Wallner obtained a Venia Docendi in the field of "Functional Polymeric Materials'' with special focus on solar energy applications. Since 2010, Prof. Wallner has been Deputy Head at the Institute of Polymeric Materials and Testing (IPMT) at the Johannes Kepler University Linz (JKU, Austria). Prof.Wallner is a member and leading person in several solar related working groups and committees. Since the establishment of IEA SHC Task 39 in 2006, he has been leader of the Subtask C "Materials". Dr.-Ing. Philippe Papillon has been a senior expert in the field of solar thermal energy at INES (Institut National de l'Energie Solaire - CEA) since December 2005.He has been active in the field of thermal solar energy for more than 20 years, and has experience as coordinator as well as WP leader in European projects and also large national research projects. Beyond his research activities within INES, he is also an expert in European and French standardization committees, and is a member of the European Technology Platform on Renewable Heating and Cooling board. From 2006-2010 he acted as leader of the IEA SHC Task 39 Subtask B "Collectors".
Bridging the gap between basic science and technological applications, this is the first book devoted to polymers for solar thermal applications. Clearly divided into three major parts, the contributions are written by experts on solar thermal applications and polymer scientists alike. The first part explains the fundamentals of solar thermal energy especially for representatives of the plastics industry and researchers. Part two then goes on to provide introductory information on polymeric materials and processing for solar thermal experts. The third part combines both of these fields, discussing the potential of polymeric materials in solar thermal applications, as well as demands on durability, design and building integration. With its emphasis on applications, this monograph is relevant for researchers at universities and developers in commercial companies.

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