People and NatureAn Introduction to Human Ecological Relations
Primers in Anthropology 2. Aufl.
Now updated and expanded, People and Nature is a lively, accessible introduction to environmental anthropology that focuses on the interactions between people, culture, and nature around the world. Written by a respected scholar in environmental anthropology with a multi-disciplinary focus that also draws from geography, ecology, and environmental studies Addresses new issues of importance, including climate change, population change, the rise of the slow food and farm-to-table movements, and consumer-driven shifts in sustainability Explains key theoretical issues in the field, as well as the most important research, at a level appropriate for readers coming to the topic for the first time Discusses the challenges in ensuring a livable future for generations to come and explores solutions for correcting the damage already done to the environment Offers a powerful, hopeful future vision for improved relations between humans and nature that embraces the idea of community needs rather than consumption wants, and the importance of building trust as a foundation for a sustainable future
Preface to the Second Edition x Acknowledgments xiii 1 Human Agency and the State of the Earth 1 Introduction 1 Can One Conceive of Ecosystems Without Human Agents? 11 Human Agency: Individuals Making a Difference 14 Overwhelming Evidence for Concern with the Condition of the Earth System 17 Looking Back and Looking Forward 26 Additional Resources 27 References 28 2 A Reminder: How Things Were… 33 The Study of Human Ecological Relations 33 The Contemporary Study of Environmental Issues: The Rise of Cross?]Disciplinary Team?]Based Approaches 39 The Evolution of Human–Environment Interactions 47 Hunter?]Gatherers: Setting Our Preferences 52 How Did We Decide to Become Farmers? 56 Herding and Farming: An Uneasy Relationship 59 More Food for the Masses 61 Additional Resources 64 References 64 3 The Great Forgetting 75 Earth Transformations in Prehistory 75 The Archeology of Environmental Change 83 The Urban–Industrial Revolution and the Unleashing of Prometheus 86 The Contemporary Situation: Human?]Dominated Ecosystems 89 Additional Resources 91 References 92 4 The Web of Life: Are We In It? 96 The Web of Life and Trophic Relations: Thinking Ecologically 96 Ecosystem Productivity and Net Primary Production 103 Land Use and Long?]Term Disturbance 105 Additional Resources 117 References 117 5 What Makes People Do That? 122 Learning, Adaptation, and Information 122 Mitigation and the Cautionary Principle 135 Transforming the Face of the Earth: Making Better Decisions 136 Additional Resources 139 References 140 6 Population and Environment 145 Theories about Population 146 The Demographic Transition 147 Aging and International Flows of Labor 150 Addressing the Needs of 10 Billion People 153 Changing the Population and Environment Nexus 159 Additional Resources 162 References 163 7 Rebuilding Communities and Institutions 166 Community in Human Evolution 166 What is Sacred in Human Evolution? 169 Tragedies of the Commons 172 Institutions and Self?]Organization 176 Bioregionalism, Deep Ecology, and Embedding People in Nature 180 Additional Resources 182 References 183 8 Can We Learn When We Have Enough? 188 Material Boys and Material Girls 188 Patterns of Consumption in Developed Countries 189 Patterns of Consumption in Developing Countries 196 A Feeding Frenzy and a Crisis in Public Health 200 Burning Fossil Fuels instead of Calories 202 Do We Have Enough Material Goods Now? 205 Additional Resources 207 References 208 9 Quality of Life: When Less Is More 210 Resource Abundance versus Resource Scarcity 210 When Less is More 220 The Scale of the Problem and the Scale of the Solution 229 Restoring Our Balance: Valuing Community and Trust 233 Are We Happier When We Have More? 238 References 241 Index 244
Emilio F. Moran is John A. Hannah Distinguished Professor at the Center for Global Change and Earth Observations, the Center for System Integration and Sustainability, and the Department of Geography at Michigan State University, USA. Until 2012, he was Distinguished Professor and the James H. Rudy Professor of Anthropology at Indiana University, USA. He is the author of ten books, fifteen edited volumes, and more than 190 journal articles and book chapters, which address human interaction with the environment under conditions of change. Most recently, he is the author of Environmental Social Science: Human-Environment Interactions and Sustainability(Wiley Blackwell, 2010). He is a Fellow of the Linnean Society of London, the American Anthropological Association, the Society for Applied Anthropology, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 2010.
Now updated and expanded, People and Nature is a lively, accessible introduction to environmental anthropology written by a respected scholar in the field. Concise yet multi-disciplinary, it focuses on the interactions between people, culture, and nature around the world and brings together insights from a range of fields, including geography, ecology, and environmental studies. As with the first edition, it explains key theoretical issues in the field, as well as the most important research, at a level appropriate for readers coming to the topic for the first time. It also addresses new and evolving issues of importance, including climate change, population change, the rise of the slow food and farm-to-table movements, and consumer-driven shifts in sustainability. The author uses examples—both historical and contemporary—to bring the narrative to life and imbue it with the sense of urgency it deserves. He discusses the challenges we face in ensuring a livable future for generations to come and explores solutions for correcting the damage already done to our environment. In doing so, he offers a powerful and hopeful vision for the future in which improved relations between humans and nature allow us to embrace the idea of community needs rather than consumption wants, and the importance of building trust as a foundation for a sustainable future.
Exceedingly welcome, highly readable and very much up to date, People and Nature plumbs the complex environmental challenge we have created, but also lights the ways forward to reconciliation between humanity and the environment. Thomas E. Lovejoy, George Mason UniversityAddresses the reciprocal interactions between people and nature, highlighting the current urgency of many global situations … there are no truly global solutions, instead, the author discusses the large variety of possible pathways and strategies we, as a society, can take to achieve sustainability. The second edition adds and expands discussion of the challenges to sustainability, the crisis of the growing human population, and climate change. People and Nature fills an ever-increasing need in addressing our current global environmental problems – tied to past, current and future societal issues and behaviors. Jane Southworth, University of Florida
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