Online Teaching at Its BestMerging Instructional Design with Teaching and Learning Research
Bring pedagogy and cognitive science to online learning environments Online Teaching at Its Best: A Merger of Instructional Design with Teaching and Learning Research is the scholarly resource for online learning that faculty, instructional designers, and administrators have long been awaiting. Over 70 percent of degree-granting institutions offer online classes, and while technical resources abound, the courses often fall short of integrating the best practices in online pedagogy, even if they comply with online course design standards. Typically these standards omit the best practices in teaching and learning and the principles from cognitive science, leaving students struggling to keep the pace, understand the material, and fulfill their true potential as learners. This book fills the gap, providing evidence-based practices for online teaching, online course design, and online student motivation integrated with pedagogical and cognitive science to help you build the distance learning courses and programs your students deserve. As more and more students opt for distance learning, it's up to designers and instructors to rethink traditional methods and learn to work more effectively within the online learning environment, and up to administrators to provide the needed leadership. Online Teaching at Its Best provides practical, real-world advice grounded in educational science to help online instructors, instructional designers, and administrators deliver an exceptional learning experience. Adopt new pedagogical techniques designed specifically for online learning environments Ensure strong course alignment and effective student learning for online classes Increase student retention, build necessary support structures, and train faculty more effectively Integrate research-based course design and cognitive psychology into graduate or undergraduate programs Distance is no barrier to a great education; what do stand in the way are inadequate online course design and implementation and deficient faculty training and support—all of which administrators can mitigate. Online Teaching at Its Best will help you ensure that your online classes measure up to the rigor and quality of excellence in teaching and assessment, build in the personal touch for developing a learning community and equip your students to succeed in the next challenge.
The Authors Preface Acknowledgments 1 Teaching at Its Best, No Matter What the Environment Teaching Quality as Key The Special Challenges of Online Learning The Special Challenges That Online Faculty Face Teaching and Learning across Environments Reflections 2 Setting Significant Outcomes The Need for Reflecting on What We Teach How Content Becomes the Wrong Driver A Meaningful Destination for the Learning Enterprise Examples of Significant Learning from Instructional Design Examples of Significant Learning from College Courses Examples of Significant Learning from Adaptive Learning The Process of Reflection Reflections 3 Designing a Coherent Course Online Course Design Standards Phases of Course Design Structuring Your Course Course Templates and Maps: Aids to Course Design Writing and Sequencing Learning Outcomes Developing Valid Assessments Mapping Learning Activities to Outcomes Choosing Online Course Content Online Copyright Guidelines The Syllabus: What to Include Organizing Your Files for Yourself and Your Students Reflections 4 Applying Cognitive Science to Online Teaching and Learning Strategies 25 Principles of Learning from Cognitive Science How These Principles Can Inform Online Course Design and Teaching Reflections 5 Motivating Elements: Course Policies, Communications, Assessments, and More Motivation, Effort, and Achievement Too Much of a Good Thing? Categories of Motivators: Intrinsic and Extrinsic Reinforcing and Punishing Capturing Attention Ensuring Relevance Encouraging Goal Expectancy and Self-Efficacy Creating Satisfaction Fostering Social Belonging Motivating as Our Major Task Reflections 6 Developing Interactivity, Social Connections, and Community The Effects of Interactions on Learning Student-Instructor Interaction Student-Content Interaction Student-Student Interaction Interactions with Technology Reflections 7 Making Accessibility-for-Everyone Much Easier Why Use Student-Centered Design? Sources of Obstacles Overcoming Obstacles Guidelines and Standards for Designing Accessibility The Specific How-to’s of Ensuring Accessibility Additional Resources and Advice Reflections 8 Creating a Supportive Culture for Online Learning The Importance of Quality in Online Courses Faculty Challenges in Transitioning to Online Teaching Faculty Incentives and Support for Online Teaching Designing Effective Professional Development Models for a Professional Development Program Reflections Appendix 1 Online Course Development Checklist Course Beginnings Technology Assessments and Grading Course Materials Student Interactions with the Content, Instructor, and Peers Appendix 2 Accessibility Resources Strategies to Make Access to Course Materials Easy Ways to Make Accessible Document Files Ways to Design Accessible PowerPoint Presentations Captioning Resources Accessibility Checks Resources for Students Index
LINDA B. NILSON is director emerita of the Office of Teaching Effectiveness and Innovation (OTEI) at Clemson University and author of Teaching at Its Best: A Research-Based Resource for College Instructors (Jossey-Bass), now in its fourth edition. LUDWIKA A. GOODSON is Associate Director for Faculty Development at the Center for the Enhancement of Learning and Teaching at Purdue University Fort Wayne.
THE PRACTICAL GUIDE THAT BRINGS PEDAGOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCE TO ONLINE LEARNING ENVIRONMENTS Rather than putting the focus on technologies and offering prescriptive advice based on anecdotal experiences and common sense, Online Teaching at Its Best highlights the proven online teaching practices that are anchored in solid research. Written for faculty, instructional designers, and administrators, this vital resource outlines the best practices in teaching and learning and the principles from cognitive science. The text's practices and principles are presented in such a way as to aid all students in their effort to keep the pace, understand the material, and fulfill their true potential as learners. This book fills a gap in the literature by providing evidence-based practices for online teaching, online course design, and online student motivation, integrated with pedagogical and cognitive science to help build the distance learning courses and programs that all students deserve. Designed to be a practical resource, the text shows how to adopt new pedagogical techniques that are targeted specifically for online learning environments. The approaches outlined ensure strong course alignment and effective student learning for online classes and can help to increase student retention, build necessary support structures, and train faculty more effectively. The authors—noted experts in the field—provide an essential guide to developing online classes that measure up to the rigor and quality of excellence in teaching and assessment, build in the personal touch for developing a learning community, and equip all students to succeed in the next challenge.