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Nanotechnology in Environmental Science


Nanotechnology in Environmental Science


1. Aufl.

von: Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain, Ajay Kumar Mishra

313,99 €

Verlag: Wiley-VCH
Format: EPUB
Veröffentl.: 05.02.2018
ISBN/EAN: 9783527808861
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 331

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Beschreibungen

An overview of the current state of nanotechnology-based devices with applications in environmental science, focusing on nanomaterials and polymer nanocomposites. The handbook pays special attention to those nanotechnology-based approaches that promise easier, faster and cheaper processes in environmental monitoring and remediation. Furthermore, it presents up-to-date information on the economics, toxicity and regulations related to nanotechnology in detail. The book closes with a look at the role of nanotechnology for a green and sustainable future. With its coverage of existing and soon-to-be-realized devices this is an indispensable reference for both academic and corporate R&D.
Preface xxi Volume 1 Part One Introduction: Change in Perspective due to Nanotechnology for Environmental Techniques and Devices 1 1 Nanomaterials for Environmental Science: A Recent and Future Perspective 3Sukanchan Palit and Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain 1.1 Introduction 3 1.2 The Aim and Objective of the Study 3 1.3 Scientific Vision and Cognizance in the Field of Nanotechnology 4 1.4 Frontiers of Nanotechnology and the Vision for the Future 5 1.5 The Vision and Advancements in the Field of Nanotechnology 5 1.6 Recent Scientific Endeavor in the Field of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 6 1.7 The Status of Environment Today 7 1.8 Environmental Sustainability: Its Vision for the Future 8 1.9 Technological Vision and Scientific Objective in the Field of Application of Nanomaterials 8 1.10 Recent Scientific Research Pursuit in the Field of Nanomaterials and Its Applications 8 1.11 The Avenues Ahead in the Field of Nanotechnology Applications 10 1.12 Scientific Cognizance and Scientific Sagacity of Environmental  Engineering 11 1.13 Nontraditional Environmental Engineering Techniques 11 1.13.1 Scientific Doctrine of Advanced Oxidation Processes 11 1.14 Future Trends and Scientific Doctrine of Novel Separation Processes 13 1.15 Recent Scientific Research Pursuits in Membrane Science 13 1.16 Future Trends in Research and Development in Nanomaterials 15 1.17 Future Flow of Scientific Thoughts and the Scientific Progress 15 1.18 Conclusions 16 References 16 2 Atomic-scale Study of Fullerene Molecules on Semiconductor Surfaces 19R.Z. Bakhtizin and A.I. Oreshkin 2.1 Introduction 19 2.2 STM Study of C60 Adsorption on Solid Surface 20 2.3 C60F18 on Si(111) 20 2.4 C60F18 on Si(100)-2 × 1 28 2.5 C60F36 on Si(111)-7 × 7 31 2.6 Conclusions 35 References 35 3 Recent Advances in Nanostructured Catalysts for Vehicle Exhaust Gas Treatment 39Gennady Gerasimov and Michael Pogosbekian 3.1 Introduction 39 3.2 Diesel Oxidation Catalyst 40 3.3 Diesel Particulate Filter 42 3.4 Three-way Catalysts 48 3.5 Selective Catalytic Reduction 53 3.6 Lean NOx Traps 57 3.7 Conclusions 62 References 63 4 Analytical Applications of Nanoscale Materials for Water Treatment: A Review 71Suvardhan Kanchi, Myalowenkosi I. Sabela, and Krishna Bisetty 4.1 Introduction 71 4.2 Significance of Nanotechnology for Wastewater Purification 72 4.3 Classification of Nanoadsorbents 74 4.4 Analytical Applications 85 4.5 Concluding Remarks and Prospects 109 Abbreviations 110 Acknowledgment 112 References 113 Part Two Carbon Nanomaterials for Environmental Devices and Techniques 125 5 Carbon Nanomaterials-based Nanocomposite as Emerging Field for Pollution Control 127Sapna and Dinesh Kumar 5.1 Introduction 127 5.2 Carbon Nanotubes 128 5.3 CNT Sensors 129 5.4 Graphene 130 5.5 Fullerene 140 Acknowledgment 141 References 141 6 Nanocarbons in Agricultural Plants: Can be a Potential Nanofertilizer? 153Anupriya Singh, Anshu Bhati, Gunture, Kumud Malika Tripathi, and Sumit Kumar Sonkar 6.1 Introduction 153 6.2 Organic Carbon-based Fertilizer as “Biochar” 155 6.3 Nanocarbons in Plant Growth 169 6.4 Conclusions 180 Acknowledgments 181 References 181 7 Adsorptive Removal of Antibiotics onto Graphene–Soy Protein Aerogel Composites from Aqeous Solution 191Fei Yu, Yong Li, and Jie Ma 7.1 Introduction 191 7.2 Experiment 192 7.3 Results and Discussion 194 7.4 Conclusions 205 References 205 Part Three Functionalized Nanomaterial for Environmental Techniques 209 8 Photocatalysis: Activity of Nanomaterials 211Tetiana Tatarchuk, Amalthi Peter, Basma Al-Najar, Judith Vijaya, and Mohamed Bououdina 8.1 Nanomaterials for Photocatalysis 211 8.2 Mechanism of Photocatalysis 212 8.3 Synthesis of Photocatalytic Materials 220 8.4 Phase Transition and Microstructure of Photocatalytic Materials 237 8.5 Optical and Magnetic Properties 244 8.6 Photocatalytic Activity 257 References 269 9 Functionally Active Nanomaterials for Environmental Remediation 293Sangeeta Adhikari, N. Krishna Rao Eswar, Ajay Kumar Mishra,  Debasish Sarkar, and Giridhar Madras 9.1 Introduction 293 9.2 Concept of Integral Environmental Pollutants 294 9.3 Purpose of Functionally Active Nanomaterials 294 9.4 Functionally Active Nanomaterials 295 9.5 Potential Methods for Environmental Remediation 295 9.6 Functionally Active Nanomaterials for Remediation of Environmental Pollutants 298 9.7 Conclusions and Future Directions 308 References 308 10 Functionalized Nanomaterial for Environmental Techniques 315Maher Darwish and Ali Mohammadi 10.1 Introduction 315 10.2 Nanomaterial-based Environmental Techniques 316 10.3 Limitations of Nanomaterials Used for Environmental  Techniques 317 10.4 Methods of Nanomaterials’ Functionalization 317 10.5 Nanomaterial–Functional Groups Bonding Types 319 10.6 Functionalization and Applications of Silica-based Nanomaterials 320 10.7 Functionalization and Applications of Carbonaceous Nanomaterials 324 10.8 Functionalization and Applications of Metal and Metal Compound Nanomaterials 332 10.9 Conclusions 336 References 336 Part Four Nanoseparation Devices for Environment 351 11 Comprehensive Treatment of Industrial Wastewater with Membrane Separation Technology: From Hybrid Process to Novel Devices 353Xiaobin Jiang, Gaohong He, Jianchao Cai, Wu Xiao, Xiangcun Li, Xuemei Wu, and Xuehua Ruan 11.1 Introduction 353 11.2 Membrane and Membrane Process for Industrial Wastewater Treatment 354 11.3 Applications of Membrane Process for Wastewater Treatment and Comprehensive Recovery 366 11.4 Novel Devices for Process Intensification and Fouling Control 374 11.5 Conclusions and Perspective 380 Acknowledgments 381 References 381 12 A Review on the Advancements of Nanomembranes for Water Treatment 391Lavanya Madhura and Shalini Singh 12.1 Introduction 391 12.2 Separation Mechanisms in Nanofiltration 395 12.3 Fabrication and Modification of Nanofiltration Membrane 396 12.4 Application to Water Treatment 400 12.5 Fouling 404 12.6 Conclusions 406 Acknowledgment 407 References 407 13 Manipulating Grouping Dynamics of Nanoscale Boron Particles as Basis for Environmentally Friendlier Combustion and Efficient Filtration 413David Katoshevski and Levan Chkhartishvili 13.1 Boron Particles and Powders: A Review 413 13.2 Clustering of Particles in Oscillating Flow: From the Nanometric to the Hundred-micrometer Size Range 422 Acknowledgments 435 References 435 Volume 2 Part Five Nano-Lab on Chip for Environment 443 14 Nanosensor in Gas Monitoring: A Review 445Nurhidayatullaili Muhd Julkapli and Samira Bagheri 14.1 Introduction 445 14.2 Sensing Technologies in Petroleum Industries 446 14.3 Nanosensor Technology 447 14.4 Conclusions 461 Acknowledgment 461 References 462 15 Plasmonic Nanomaterials for SERS Detection of Environmental Pollutants 473Mengke Su and Honglin Liu 15.1 Introduction 473 15.2 About SERS 475 15.3 Environmental Pollution and SERS Detection 478 15.4 Plasmonic Materials for Raman Enhancement 481 15.5 Future Perspective 499 References 501 Part Six Bionanomaterial-based Devices for Environment 515 16 Bionanomaterials as Emerging Sensors in Environmental Management 517Deepali Sharma, Suvardhan Kanchi, and Myalowenkosi Sabela 16.1 Introduction 517 16.2 Electrochemical Sensors 523 16.3 Applications 524 16.4 Conclusions 535 References 536 17 Role of Bionanomaterial-based Devices in Water Detoxification 543Priyanka Joshi and Dinesh Kumar 17.1 Introduction 543 17.2 Classical Approaches of Metals 544 17.3 Biosynthesis of Nanoparticles 545 17.4 Characterization Techniques 550 17.5 Wastewater Remediation 550 17.6 Future Perspectives of Green Synthesized Nanoparticles 559 17.7 Conclusions 560 Acknowledgment 560 References 561 18 Nanocellulose as Promising Material for Environmental Applications 579M. Laura Soriano and Celia Ruiz-Palomero 18.1 Introduction 579 18.2 Analytical Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 580 18.3 Connection of Analytical and Environmental Sciences 581 18.4 Nanocellulose 582 18.5 Different Formats of Nanocellulose-based Sorptive Microextraction 584 18.6 Nanocellulose as Sensor of Contaminants 591 18.7 Promoting Crystallization in Gel Media 592 18.8 Conclusions 592 References 593 19 Functionalized Nanomaterials for Pollution Abatement 599Himani Medhi and Krishna G. Bhattacharyya 19.1 Introduction 599 19.2 Preparation of Functionalized Nanomaterials 602 19.3 Application of Functionalized Nanomaterials in Pollution Abatement 613 19.4 Conclusions 630 References 631 20 Biopolymers: A Natural Support for Photocatalysts Applied to Pollution Remediation 649Diseko Boikanyo, Ajay Kumar Mishra, Shivani B. Mishra, and Sabelo D. Mhlanga 20.1 Introduction 649 20.2 Biopolymers: Introduction and Definition of Terms 654 20.3 Immobilization of Photocatalysts on Supports 658 20.4 Survey of Biopolymer-supported Photocatalysts for Pollution Remediation 662 20.5 Conclusions 676 Ackowledgments 677 References 677 21 Bioinspired Nanocomposites for Adsorptive and Photo-assisted Decontamination of Wastewater 685Akeem Adeyemi Oladipo 21.1 Introduction 685 21.2 Composite and Nanocomposite Materials 687 21.3 Bioinspired Nanocomposite Materials 692 21.4 Environmental Application of Bioinspired Nanocomposites 697 21.5 Summary and Prospects 705 Acknowledgment 706 References 706 Part Seven Toxicity, Economy, Legalization of Nanotechnology 711 22 Economic Aspects of Functionalized Nanomaterials for Environment 713John Judith Vijaya, Thambidurai Adinaveen, and Mohamed Bououdina 22.1 Introduction 713 22.2 Carbon Nanomaterials for Environmental Devices and Techniques 717 22.3 Functionalized Nanomaterials for Environmental Techniques 721 22.4 Nanoseparation Device for Environment 723 22.5 Magnetic Nanomaterials for Environment 724 22.6 Bionanomaterial-based Devices for Environment 726 22.7 Nano-lab on a Chip for Environment 727 22.8 Toxicity, Economy, and Legalization of Nanotechnology 729 22.9 Nanotechnology: A Green and Sustainable Vision 730 22.10 Conclusions 732 References 732 23 Engineered Nanoparticles’ Toxicity: Environmental Aspects 737Neetu Talreja and Dinesh Kumar 23.1 Introduction 737 23.2 Distribution of Nanoparticles Based on Composition 738 23.3 Common Methods of Engineering of Nanoparticles 739 23.4 Toxicity Based on Physicochemical Properties of NPs 741 23.5 Toxicity of Some Widely Used ENPs to Environmental Organisms 742 23.6 Effect of ENP Toxicity on Plants 745 23.7 Effect of ENP Toxicity on Humans 747 23.8 Metal Toxicity Mechanism 748 23.9 Conclusions and Future Perspective 750 Acknowledgment 751 References 751 Part Eight Nanotechnology: A Green and Sustainable Vision 759 24 Nanotechnology: Key for Sustainable Future 761Amit Kumar, Susmita Dey Sadhu, and Rajeev Singh 24.1 Introduction 761 24.2 History 762 24.3 Methods of Preparation 762 24.4 Application of Nanotechnology for Sustainable Future 771 References 792 25 Nanotechnology: Greener Approach for Sustainable Environment 805Ambika and Pradeep Pratap Singh 25.1 Introduction 805 25.2 Classification of Nanomaterials 806 25.3 Synthesis of Nanoparticles 807 25.4 Applications of Green Nanotechnology 811 25.5 Prospects 815 25.6 Conclusions 816 References 816 Conclusions 825Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain and Ajay Kumar Mishra Index 829
Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain is adjunct professor, academic advisor and lab director at the New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT), Newark, New Jersey. His research is focused on the applications of nanotechnology in the environment. Dr. Hussain is the author of numerous papers in peer-reviewed journals as well as prolific author and editor of scientific monographs and handbooks. Ajay Kumar Mishra is Professor at the Nanotechnology and Water Sustainability Research Unit at the College of Science, Engineering & Technology at the University of South Africa. He also holds an adjunct professorship at Jiangsu University, China. His research interests include the synthesis of multifunctional nanomaterials, including polymers, carbon nanomaterials and composite materials. Dr. Mishra has authored and edited numerous scientific books in this subject area.

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