NanomaterialsAn Introduction to Synthesis, Properties and Applications
Successor of the highly acclaimed, first full-color introduction to nanomaterials - now including graphenes and carbon nanotubesThis full-colored introduction to nanomaterials and nanotechnology in particular addresses the needs of engineers who need to know the special phenomena and potentials, without getting bogged down in the scientific detail of the physics and chemistry involved.Based on the author's own courses, this textbook shows how to produce nanomaterials and use them in engineering applications for novel products. Following an introduction, the text goes on to treat synthesis, characterization techniques, thermal, optical, magnetic and electronic properties, processing and, finally, emerging applications.A sound overview of the "nano world" from an application-oriented perspective.Reviews for the first edition:"The reader [of this book] profits from the broad scientific teaching experience of the author.... This book is highly recommended for everyone who wants to step onto the new and fascinating field of nanomaterials." (International Journal of Materials Research, May 2009) "The practical presentation and clarity in writing style makes this book a winner for anyone wanting to quickly learn about the fundamentals and practical side of nanomaterials." (IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine, March/April 2009)
PREFACE NANOMATERIALS: AN INTRODUCTION NANOMATERIALS AND NANOCOMPOSITES Introduction Elementary Consequences of Small Particle Size SURFACES IN NANOMATERIALS General Considerations Surface Energy Some Technical Consequences of Surface Energy GAS-PHASE SYNTHESIS OF NANOPARTICLES Fundamental Considerations Inert Gas Condensation Process Physical and Chemical Vapor Synthesis Processes Laser Ablation Process Radio- and Microwave Plasma Processes Flame Aerosol Process Synthesis of Coated Particles NANOTUBES, NANORODS, AND NANOPLATES General Considerations Nanostructures Related to Compounds with Layered Structures NANOFLUIDS Definition Nanofluids for Improved Heat Transfer Ferrofluids PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS OF NANOPARTICLES Thermodynamics of Nanoparticles Heat Capacity of Nanoparticles Phase Transformations of Nanoparticles Phase Transformation and Coagulation Structures of Nanoparticles A Closer Look at Nanoparticle Melting Structural Fluctuations MAGNETIC PROPERTIES OF NANOPARTICLES Magnetic Materials 1 Superparamagnetic Materials Susceptibility and Related Phenomena in Superparamagnets Applications of Superparamagnetic Materials Exchange-Coupled Magnetic Nanoparticles OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF NANOPARTICLES General Remarks Adjustment of the Index of Refraction Optical Properties Related to Quantum Confinement Quantum Dots and Other Lumophores Metallic and Semiconducting Nanoparticles Isolated and in Transparent Matrices Special Luminescent Nanocomposites Electroluminescence Photochromic and Electrochromic Materials Materials for Combined Magnetic and Optic Applications ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES OF NANOPARTICLES Fundamentals of Electrical Conductivity in Nanotubes and Nanorods Nanotubes Photoconductivity of Nanorods Electrical Conductivity of Nanocomposites MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF NANOPARTICLES General Considerations Bulk Metallic and Ceramic Materials Filled Polymer Composites CHARACTERIZATION OF NANOMATERIALS General Remarks Global Methods for Characterization X-Ray and Electron Diffraction Electron Microscopy INDEX
Professor Dieter Vollath has more than 20 years experience in the research of synthesis and properties of nanomaterials. He was Department Head at the Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Germany, and gives lectures at the Technical University Graz, Austria. Since 2003 he is acting as nanotechnology consultant with his own company NanoConsulting. His courses on nanomaterials formed the basis for this textbook.
This full-colored introduction to nanomaterials and nanotechnology in particular addresses the needs of engineers who need to know the special phenomena and potentials, without getting bogged down in the scientific detail of the physics and chemistry involved. Based on the author's own courses, this textbook shows how to produce nanomaterials and use them in engineering applications for novel products. Following an introduction, the text goes on to treat synthesis, characterization techniques, thermal, optical, magnetic and electronic properties, processing and, finally, emerging applications. As a second edition the content has been thoroughly revised and updated. Additional topics are now included: graphenes, carbon nanotubes, novel nanocomposite materials, plasmonic phenomena, and nanoelectronics. A sound overview of the 'nano world' from an application-oriented perspective.
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