Molecules at WorkSelfassembly, Nanomaterials, Molecular Machinery
This book contains the contributions of selected young chemists from the field of nanotechnology and material sciences. The contributions are grouped under the following umbrella topics: Self assembly Nanomaterials Molecular Machinery This volume is an indispensable read for all materials scientists, organic, and inorganic chemists, Ph.D. students in chemistry and material sciences interested in seeing what tomorrow's chemistry will look like.
PREFACE PART I: Self Assembly YOCTOLITER-SIZED VESSELS AS POTENTIAL BIOLOGICAL MODELS Introduction Cavities on Glass Plates and Gold Surfaces Preparation and Confirmation of Rigid Yoctowell Cavity Molecular Sorting Yoctowell-Based Molecular Recognition Events Conclusion SWITCHABLE HOST-GUEST INTERACTIONS OF SUPRAMOLECULAR RINGS AND CAGES Introduction Host - Guest Chemistry Switching in Supramolecular Systems Natural Paragons Types of External Input and Methods for Analysis Conclusion PART II: Nano Materials TAILORED GRAPHENE-TYPE MOLECULES BY CHEMICAL SYNTHESIS Introduction Synthetic Concepts toward Expanded PAHs - Nanographenes Conclusion and Outlook ANALYZING THE SURFACE AREA PROPERTIES OF MICROPOROUS MATERIALS Introduction Microporous Materials Porosity Porous Materials and Calculating Surface Areas Summary NANOSTRUCTURED MATERIALS BASED ON CORE-SUBSTITUTED NAPHTHALENE DIIMIDES Introduction Synthesis of Novel cNDI Derivatives Electron Transfer Supramolecular Self-Assembly of cNDI Conclusion METAL PHOSPHIDES: FROM CHEMIST'S ODDITIES TO DESIGNED FUNCTIONAL MATERIALS Introduction Bulk Metal Phosphides: A Long History White Phosphorus for the Low-Temperature Synthesis of Metal Phosphide Nanoparticles 'ARTIFICIAL SUPERMOLECULE': PROGRESS IN THE STUDY OF II - V COLLOIDAL SEMICONDUCTOR NANOCRYSTALS Introduction Optical Properties of II - V Nanocrystals Synthesis of II - V Nanocrystals Conclusions and Outlook LUMINESCENT DENDRIMERS Introduction Intrinsic Photochemical and Photophysical Properties of Organic Dendrimers Energy Transfer and Energy Upconversion in Multichromophoric Dendrimers Dendrimers as Ligands for Metal Ions Self-Assembly Dendrimers as Photoswitchable Hosts Conclusion and Perspectives FABRICATION OF ULTRAMICROPOROUS SILICA MEMBRANES FOR PERVAPORATION AND GAS SEPARATION Ultramicroporous Silica Membranes MxOy - Silica Membrane Hybrid Organic-Silica Membranes Perspectives in the Fabrication and Application of Silica Membranes NEW DIRECTIONS IN THE FIGHT AGAINST CANCER: FROM METAL COMPLEXES TO NANOSTRUCTURED MATERIALS Introduction Metal Complexes in Cancer Treatment Nanostructured Materials in Cancer Treatments PART III: Molecular Machinery MOLECULAR ROTORS IMAGING INTRACELLULAR VISCOSITY Introduction Theoretical Background Biological Applications of Molecular Rotors Conclusions and Outlook SURFACE-FUNCTIONALIZED INORGANIC COLLOIDAL NANOCRYSTALS IN FUNCTIONAL NANOCOMPOSITE MATERIALS FOR MICROFABRICATION Introduction Colloidal Nanocrystals: Properties, Synthesis, and Surface Functionalization NC-Based Nanocomposites for Microfabrication Conclusions and Future Perspectives FLUORESCENCE SENSING OF TEMPERATURE AND OXYGEN WITH FULLERENES Introduction Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescence: Fundamental Aspects Sensing Applications Conclusions and Future Perspectives GOING BEYOND GLUCOSE SENSING WITH BORONIC ACID RECEPTORS Introduction Indicator Displacement Assays for the Detection of Sugars Glucose Sensing with Boronic Acid Receptors Solution-Phase Sensor Arrays with Boronic-Acid-Appended Bipyridinium Salts Carbohydrate-Active Enzyme Assays Boronic-Acid-Appended Bipyridinium Salts at Work - NOVOSIDES Conclusions and Perspectives DESIGN OF NOVEL IRIDIUM COMPLEXES TO OBTAIN STABLE AND EFFICIENT LIGHT-EMITTING ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS Brief History of Electroluminescence and Optoelectronic Devices Light-Emitting Electrochemical Cells: Motivation and Definition Ionic Transition-Metal Complexes Based on Ir(III) Metal Core for LECs Strategies to Design Iridium(III) Complexes for Highly Efficient LECs Strategies to Design Iridium(III) Complexes for Highly Stable LECs Outlook and Conclusions PHOTOCHEMICALLY DRIVEN MOLECULAR DEVICES AND MACHINES Introduction Switches and Logic Gates Molecular Machines Conclusions
Bruno Pignataro, born in Bologna in 1972, is Professor of Physical Chemistry at the University of Palermo. He received his degree in chemistry in 1995 from the University of Catania and his PhD in materials science five years later. He has helped establish a wide network of international collaborations and organized several scientific activities at national and international level, including coordinating the Young Chemists Group of the Italian Chemical Society and chairing the first three editions of the European Young Chemist Award. Professor Pignataro's group research focus on the fields of nanoscience and nanotechnology, molecular electronics, and biotechnology.
This volume represents one of the two edited by inviting a selection of young researchers participating to the European Young Chemist Award 2010. The other volume concerns the area of Synthesis and Catalysis and is titled: New Strategies in Chemical Synthesis and Catalysis. This book contains the contributions of selected young chemists from the field of nanotechnology and material sciences. The contributions are grouped under the following umbrella topics: * Self assembly * Nano Materials * Molecular Machinery This volume is an indispensable read for all materials scientists, organic, and inorganic chemists, Ph.D. students in chemistry and material sciences interested in seeing what tomorrow's chemistry will look like.
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