Modern Islamist MovementsHistory, Religion, and Politics
Modern Islamist Movements provides a clear and accessible examination of the history, beliefs and rationale of Islamist Groups and their grievances with the West and governments within the majority-Muslim world, while examining some of these groups' visions for a global Islamic empire. A clear and accessible text that examines the history, beliefs and rationale for violence emerging from Islamist movements, while examining some of these groups' visions for a global Islamic empire Examines Islamist grievances against the West and modern governments in the majority Muslim world, while providing an overview of Islam's relations with the West from the period of the Crusades to the modern age Discusses the historic development of Islamism in Egypt, the West Bank and Gaza, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, and Afghanistan Explains classic Islamic understandings of jihad and Bin Laden's, al-Qaida's, and other Islamists interpretations of this concept Offers an historical account of the formative relationship between al-Qaida, other Islamists, and Islamic intellectual trends beginning in the eighteenth century Appropriate for undergraduate and graduate students, as well as interested general readers
List of Maps viii Acknowledgments ix 1 Introduction 1 2 Egypt 37 3 The West Bank, Gaza, and Israel 85 4 Saudi Arabia 122 5 Pakistan 164 6 Afghanistan 188 7 Conclusion 218 Index 221
Jon Armajani is Associate Professor in the Department of Theology at the College of Saint Benedict and Saint John's University in Minnesota. He is the author of Dynamic Islam: Liberal Muslim Perspectives in a Transnational Age (2004) and, with James E. Lindsay, co-editor of and contributor to Historical Dimensions of Islam: Pre-Modern and Modern Periods; Essays in Honor of R. Stephen Humphreys (2009). He has also made contributions to scholarly journals and encyclopedias in Islamic Studies and Religious Studies.
Islamism has become one of the most potent political and religious movements of our time. Modern Islamist Movements provides a clear and accessible examination of the histories, beliefs, and rationales of various Islamist groups; it includes discussions of their humanitarian and militant aspects as well as their grievances with respect to the West and governments within the majority-Muslim world. The book also examines some Islamist groups' reasons for desiring a global Islamic state and their visions for it. Beginning with a thorough introduction to various trends within Islamism, this volume analyzes the formation and development of such groups and trends as Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood, al-Qaida, Hamas, the Wahhabis, Pakistan's Jama(at-i Islami, and the Taliban. The book then discusses the historic evolution of various institutions and ideas related to Islamist groups in Egypt, the West Bank and Gaza, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, and Afghanistan. Exploring several Islamic understandings of jihad and explaining the Islamists' interpretations of this concept, this book sheds light on the thought and ideologies of Islamists within the broader context of Islam and its history.
"A lucidly written and comparative portrayal of radical Islamist movements and doctrines in the Middle East and South Asia. Armajani offers an especially compelling portrayal of the emergence of al-Qa'ida and the Taliban." —Juan E. Campo, University of California, Santa Barbara "Rich and thorough Armajani explores the historical, intellectual and political contexts crucial to understanding contemporary Islamist political ideologies. Its comparative framework and comprehensive treatment recommends it as a valuable classroom resource." —Monica M. Ringer, Amherst College
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