Lasers in DentistryGuide for Clinical Practice
Lasers have become an increasingly useful tool in conventional dental practice. Their precision and less invasive quality make them an attractive technology in esthetic and pediatric dentistry, oral medicine, and a range of other dental procedures. Lasers in Dentistry: Guide for Clinical Practice is a comprehensive, yet concise and easy-to-use guide to integrating lasers into conventional clinical practice. The book begins by providing the reader a thorough understanding of how lasers work and their varied effects on oral tissues. Subsequent chapters are organized by procedure type, illustrating common clinical techniques with step-by-step illustrations and case examples. In addition, each chapter provides an overview of the latest research for use in clinical practice. More comprehensive than at atlas yet practical and clinically oriented in its approach, Lasers in Dentistry is an essential tool for practitioners and students looking to broader their skill set in laser dentistry.
List of contributors vii Foreword xii Preface xiii Section 1: Basic principles of lasers and LEDs 1 Physics of lasers and LEDs: Basic concepts 3Clóvis Grecco, José Dirceu Vollet-Filho, Mariana Torres Carvalho, and Vanderlei Salvador Bagnato 2 High power lasers and their interaction with biological tissues 11Denise Maria Zezell and Patricia Aparecida Ana 3 Low power lasers: Introduction 19Maria Cristina Chavantes, Martha Simões Ribeiro, and Nathali Cordeiro Pinto 4 Cellular mechanisms of photobiomodulation 23Tiina I. Karu 5 Low level laser therapy – mechanism of action: Inflammatory process 27Jan Magnus Bjordal Rodrigo Alvaro Brandão Lopes-Martins and Lucio Frigo 6 Low level laser therapy – mechanism of action: Analgesia 34Roberta Chow 7 Antimicrobial photodynamic therapy in dentistry 40Felipe F. Sperandio, Caetano P. Sabino, Daniela Vecchio, Maria Garcia-Diaz, Liyi Huang, Ying-Ying Huang, and Michael R. Hamblin 8 Dosimetry 48Jan Tunér, Martha Simões Ribeiro, and Alyne Simões 9 Risk management and the safe use of laser technology 56Rosely Cordon and Dalva Cruz Laganá Section 2: Preventive, esthetic, and restorative dentistry 10 Selective caries removal, cavity preparation and adhesion to irradiated tissues 65Patricia Moreira de Freitas, Marcelo Giannini, Junji Tagami, and Simone Gonçalves Moretto 11 Management of non-carious cervical lesions 72Ana Cecilia Corrêa Aranha, Karen Müller Ramalho, and Marcella Esteves-Oliveira 12 Antimicrobial photodynamic therapy for carious tissue 80Giselle Rodrigues de Sant’Anna and Danilo Antônio Duarte 13 Treatment of internal ceramic surfaces 88Carlos de Paula Eduardo, Marina Stella Bello-Silva, and Paulo Francisco Cesar 14 Dental bleaching with LEDs and lasers 92Fátima Zanin, Aldo Brugnera Jr, and Mateus Cóstola Windlin 15 Caries diagnosis 104Mariana Minatel Braga, Thais Gimenez, Fausto Medeiros Mendes, Christopher Deery, and David N. J. Ricketts 16 Lasers in caries prevention 126Lidiany Karla Azevedo Rodrigues, Patricia Moreira de Freitas, and Marinês Nobre-dos-Santos Section 3: Endodontics 17 Bacterial reduction in root canals using antimicrobial photodynamic therapy 133Aguinaldo S. Garcez and Silvia C. Núñez 18 High power lasers in apical surgery 139Sheila C. Gouw-Soares, José Luiz Lage-Marques, and Cláudia Strefezza 19 High power lasers in endodontics 143José Luiz Lage–Marques, Sheila C. Gouw Soares, and Cláudia Strefezza Section 4: Periodontology 20 Surgical and non-surgical treatment of periodontal diseases 153Leticia Helena Theodoro and Valdir Gouveia Garcia 21 Antimicrobial photodynamic therapy in the treatment of periodontal diseases 159Valdir Gouveia Garcia and Letícia Helena Theodoro 22 Esthetic treatment of gingival melanin hyperpigmentation with the Er:YAG laser 166Daniel Simões A. Rosa and Akira Aoki Section 5: Oral surgery 23 Lasers in soft tissues surgeries 175Luciane Hiramatsu Azevedo, Marines Sammamed Freire Trevisan, and Ana Maria Aparecida de Souza 24 Implantodontology 179Juliana Marotti and Georgios E. Romanos 25 Bone biomodulation 196Antonio Luiz Barbosa Pinheiro, Aparecida Maria Cordeiro Marques, Luiz Guilherme Pinheiro Soares, and Artur Felipe Santos Barbosa 26 Use of low level laser therapy in lymphatic drainage for edema 207Luciana Almeida-Lopes and Attilio Lopes Section 6: Orthodontics and orofacial pain 27 Temporomandibular disorders 223Caroline Maria Gomes Dantas and Carolina Lapaz Vivan 28 Low level lasers in orthodontics 229Marinês Vieira S. Sousa 29 Traditional Chinese medicine and laser therapy 238Mario Pansini, Fabiano Augusto Sfier de Mello, and Andrea Malluf Dabul de Mello Section 7: Treatment of oral and facial lesions 30 Papilloma and fibroma 245Luiz Alcino Gueiros, Igor Henrique Silva, Lucia de Fátima Cavalcanti dos Santos, and Jair Carneiro Leão 31 Hemangioma and lymphangioma 248Luciane Hiramatsu Azevedo and Cláudia Strefezza 32 Non-neoplastic proliferative lesions or soft tissue tumor-like lesions of the oral cavity 253Vivian Cunha Galletta Kern, Edgar Kazuyoshi Nakajima, Rodrigo Ramos Vieira, and Luciane Hiramatsu Azevedo 33 Oral mucocele 261Luciana Corrêa and Luciane Hiramatsu Azevedo 34 Potentially malignant disorders of the oral mucosa 265Vivian Cunha Galletta Kern, Ana Claudia Luiz, Edgar Nakajima, Luciane Hiramatsu Azevedo, and Dante Antonio Migliari 35 Herpes 272Juliana Marotti 36 Recurrent aphthous ulcers 285Leila Soares Ferreira and Daiane Thais Meneguzzo 37 Burning mouth syndrome 290Lucia de Fátima Cavalcanti dos Santos and Jair Carneiro Leão 38 Nerve repair by light 293Felipe F. Sperandio, Ying-Ying Huang, Nivaldo Parizotto, and Michael R. Hamblin Section 8: Laser and antimicrobial photodynamic therapies in cancer patients 39 Optical diagnosis of cancer and potentially malignant lesions 305Cristina Kurachi, Lilian Tan Moriyama, and Alessandro Cosci 40 Low level laser therapy in the prevention and treatment of oral mucositis 321Alyne Simões, Fernanda de Paula Eduardo, Cesar A. Migliorati, and Mark M. Schubert 41 Cost-effectiveness of laser therapyin hospital practice 331Leticia Mello Bezinelli and Luciana Corrêa 42 Low Level Laser Therapy for hyposalivation and xerostomia 335Alyne Simões, Luana de Campos, Victor Elias Arana-Chavez, and José Nicolau 43 Antimicrobial photodynamic therapy in cancerpatients 340Luana de Campos, Cesar A. Migliorati, and Alyne Simões 44 Photodynamic therapy in cancer treatment 346Juliana Ferreira-Strixino and Elodie Debefve Index 351
Patrícia M. Freitas, DDS, PhD, is Associate Professor and Vice Chairman of the Special Laboratory of Lasers in Dentistry at the University of São Paulo in Brazil. She holds positions in the World Federation of Lasers in Dentistry and the Brazilian Association of Lasers in Dentistry, and lectures internationally on various topics in laser dentistry. Alyne Simões, DDS, PhD, is Professor of the Faculty of Dentistry at the University of São Paulo in Brazil. Her work focuses on laser dentistry, LED and PDT in the treatment of oral mucositis, salivary gland hypofunction by chemotherapy and diabetes, and the effect of laser therapy in oral and systemic changes arising from these conditions.
Lasers have become an increasingly useful tool in conventional dental practice. Their precision and less invasive quality make them an attractive technology in esthetic and pediatric dentistry, oral medicine, and a range of other dental procedures. Lasers in Dentistry: Guide for Clinical Practice is a comprehensive, yet concise and easy-to-use guide to integrating lasers into conventional clinical practice. The book begins by providing the reader a thorough understanding of how lasers work and their varied effects on oral tissues. Subsequent chapters are organized by procedure type, illustrating common clinical techniques with step-by-step illustrations and case examples. In addition, each chapter provides an overview of the latest research for use in clinical practice. More comprehensive than at atlas yet practical and clinically oriented in its approach, Lasers in Dentistry is an essential tool for practitioners and students looking to broader their skill set in laser dentistry. Key Features Provides concise, easy-to-follow instruction for incorporating lasers into everyday clinical practice Features sequential illustrations of step-by-step procedures Coalesces the latest advances in clinical application from experts worldwide Includes multiple case examples to further illustrate procedures discussed
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