Journalism Today: A Themed History provides a cultural approach to journalism's history through the exploration of overarching concepts, as opposed to a typical chronological overview. Rich with illuminating stories and biographies of key figures, it sheds new light on the relationship between the press and society and how each has shaped the other. Thematic study of the history of journalism, examining the role of journalism in democracy, the influence of new technology, the challenge of balancing ethical values, and the role of the audience Charts the influence of the historical press for today’s news in print, broadcast, and new media Situates journalism in a rich cultural context with lively examples and case studies that bring the subject alive for contemporary readers Provides a comparative analysis of American, British, and international journalism Helpful feature boxes on important figures and case studies enhance student understanding of the development of journalism and news as we know it today, providing a convenient springboard for follow-up work.
Preface: How To Use the Book and Summary of Sections viii Acknowledgments xiv Introduction: The Uses and Abuses of History: Why Bother With It ? 1 Part I: Journalism and Democracy: A Sibling Rivalry? 13 1 A Right To Know 15 Résumé: Walter Lippmann 19 Résumés: The Founding Fathers 23 FactFile: The Development of Rights and Liberties 26 2 The Road Not Taken 30 Résumé: Tom Paine 35 FactFile: Anthony Haswell and Freedom of the Press 38 Résumé: Edward Smith Hall – An Australian Pioneer 41 FactFile: Habermas and the Changing Public Sphere 44 FactFile: The Lincoln–Douglas Debates 48 3 Digging the Dirt 55 Résumé: Lincoln Steffens 59 Résumé: S. S. McClure 60 Résumé: John Dewey 66 Résumé: Henry Luce 70 4 Spinning a Good Yarn and Developing Community 75 FactFile: The Pseudo-Event 82 Résumé: Ivy Lee 85 Résumé: Edward Bernays 86 FactFile: Neoliberalism’s Threat to Community 88 Part II: Technology, Work, and Business: Is Journalism More Than Just a Job? 97 5 Changing Roles in a Changing World 99 FactFile: The Cold Type Revolution 101 Résumé: Lord Beaverbrook 104 Résumé: Charles Dana 107 Résumé: William Cobbett 110 Résumé: John Stuart Mill 111 6 A New Journalism For A New Age 120 Résumé: Joseph Pulitzer 121 Résumé: Alfred Harmsworth, Lord Northcliffe 123 Résumé: E. L. Godkin 126 FactFile: Appeal to Reason 132 FactFile: Ida M. Tarbell and Standard Oil 134 7 He Who Pays The Piper 140 FactFile: Advertising, Class, and the Daily Herald 142 FactFile: Forza Italia 143 FactFile: The Broadcast Reform Movement, 1928-35 149 FactFile: Edward R. Murrow and See It Now 151 8 A Power Worth Fighting For 160 FactFile: Rupert Murdoch and News Corporation 162 FactFile: Cable News Network and the "CNN Effect" 164 Part III: Ethics: A Matter of Judgment? 173 9 Private and Confidential? 175 FactFile: Privacy Codes in the United States 183 FactFile: Privacy Codes in Great Britain 185 10 Fakes, Rakes, and "On The Take" 200 FactFile: Faking It 210 Part IV: Audience: Citizen Consumer or Consumer Citizen? 219 11 Finding an Audience 221 FactFile: News Values 225 FactFile: Joe and Jolene Sixpack 231 Résumé: George Newnes 239 Résumé: C. P. Scott and the Manchester Guardian 242 12 How Audiences Rewrote the Script 247 FactFile: La Fronde 253 FactFile: Le Petit Journal 256 FactFile: Audience Reaction to W. T. Stead's "Maiden Tribute of Modern Babylon" 265 13 Watching and Listening 272 FactFile: Leo Lowenthal and Celebrity "Idols" 276 FactFile: Measuring the Audience 281 Résumé: Marshall McLuhan 286 Part V: Conclusion: A Future History 297 14 Paper Tigers? 299 Résumé: Paul Julius Reuter 303 FactFile: The "Net Benefit to Canada" Test 306 Index 317
“This book is a useful resource for classrooms, bringing together material on issues such as journalism’s place in the liberal-democratic ideal, the histories of taxes, content and circulation, news values, audience analysis studies and media economies . . . This is a useful addition to a reading list.” (Media International Australia, 2012) "Journalism students and practicing journalists will want to read this book. Summing Up: Recommended. Lower-and upper-division undergraduates, technical students, professionals, general readers." (Choice, 1 September 2011)
Jane L. Chapman is Professor of Communications at University of Lincoln School of Journalism and visiting Fellow at Cambridge University and University College Dublin School of History. Her books include Issues in Contemporary Documentary (2009); Broadcast Journalism: a Critical Introduction (with Marie Kinsey, 2008); Documentary in Practice (2007) and the best-selling Comparative Media History (2005). Her research interests include press history and the media's relationship to women and indigenous minorities. Nick Nuttall is senior lecturer and MA program leader at the University of Lincoln School of Journalism. He worked for many years in East Africa, the Middle East and Cyprus, writing on travel and communication issues. He has authored a chapter on Truman Capote and New Journalism for The Journalistic Imagination (2007) as well as a chapter on investigative journalism for the latest edition of The Newspapers Handbook (2006). His research interests include New Journalism, press history, and the gonzo journalism of Hunter S. Thompson.
Featuring lively accounts of news events across history, Journalism Today: A Themed History examines the trends and conditions affecting modern journalism in the context of its past. Eschewing a traditional, chronological approach, authors Jane Chapman and Nick Nutall provide a cultural history using broad themes that have stood the test of time to connect the history of journalism with the current trends, issues, and challenges informing journalistic practice today. The book’s approach to journalism history is structured around four key themes: journalism’s function in democracy the influence of technology balancing ethical values the role of the audience. Rich with anecdotes and fascinating biographical sketches of key figures in the development of journalism in the US, UK, and Europe, this book will give students and general readers new insight into the historical influences that continue to shape journalism and its practice.
"An invaluable book for integration of recent developments into media history; brilliantly links past and present, journalism and society through exploring personalization, globalization, localization, pauperization as hallmarks of modern journalism." Hazel Dicken-Garcia, Professor Emerita, University of Minnesota "Jane Chapman and Nick Nuttall have written an introduction to journalism that is highly original and provocative. It is well worth reading and should be mandatory for anyone with an interest in the subject." Robert W. McChesney, co-author, The Death and Life of American Journalism
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