Identity Development of Diverse Populations: Implications for Teaching and Administration in Higher EducationASHE-ERIC Higher Education Report
J-B ASHE Higher Education Report Series (AEHE), Band 12 Volume 29 Number 6
This monograph is focused on educating faculty and administrators about the developmental issues faced by students from different racial, ethnic, or other social groupings as they attempt to define themselves during the college years and the ways this information can enhance campus classrooms, programs, and policies. Although there is a growing body of work on how various racial, ethnic, gender and other social groups develop their identity, there has been limited synthesis or application of this literature to the practice of professionals in higher education. The authors have higher education administrative backgrounds, so their recommendations are grounded in experience, and each also has a solid record of scholarship in identity development. The combined scholarly and administrative experience of the three authors enhances the contribution of this book.
Foreword ix Why Should Higher Education Be Concerned with the Identity Development of Diverse Students? 1 Development of Identity 2 Definitions 6 Organization 8 Theoretical Frameworks of Identity Development Theory: Foundational Theories 9 Foundational Theories of Identity Development 9 Evaluation of Foundational Theories 14 Dominant Cultures, Oppression, and Other Societal Issues Affecting the Identity Development of Diverse Populations 17 Cultural and Societal Issues That Impact Identity Development 18 Theory of Oppression 19 The Social Oppression Matrix 21 Social Identity Development Theory 23 How Oppression Impacts Privileged Groups 25 White Identity Theories 27 Conclusion 31 Theoretical Frameworks of Diverse Identity Development Theories: A View Through a Different Lens 33 Multigroup Ethnic and Racial Identity Models 33 Racial and Ethnic Identity Theories Pertaining to African American Students 39 Racial and Ethnic Identity Theories Pertaining to Native American Students 49 Acculturation to the Majority Culture 52 Racial and Ethnic Identity Theories Pertaining to Latino and Latina Students 53 Racial and Ethnic Identity Theories Pertaining to Asian American Students 59 Multiracial Identity 64 Conclusion 66 Multiple Identities: Acknowledging the Interrelationship Among Roles 67 Integrating Multiple Layers of Identity Development 69 Sexual Orientation Identity Formation 73 Women and Gender Identity 76 Implications 78 Integration of Identity Development Theory into Practice 79 Campus Culture 80 Implications for Administrators 82 Implications for Faculty Members 86 Conclusions and Future Implications 99 Appendix A. Case Study: Defining Academic Diversity at Reflective College 101 Considerations in Addressing This Issue 103 References 107 Index 119