With some 50 million people living under duress and threatened by wars and disasters in 2012, the demand for relief worldwide has reached unprecedented levels. Humanitarianism is now a multi-billion dollar enterprise, and aid agencies are obliged to respond to a range of economic forces in order to 'stay in business'. In his customarily hard-hitting analysis, Thomas G. Weiss offers penetrating insights into the complexities and challenges of the contemporary humanitarian marketplace. In addition to changing political and military conditions that generate demand for aid, private suppliers have changed too. Today’s political economy places aid agencies side-by-side with for-profit businesses, including private military and security companies, in a marketplace that also is linked to global trade networks in illicit arms, natural resources, and drugs. This witch’s brew is simmering in the cauldron of wars that are often protracted and always costly to civilians who are the very targets of violence. While belligerents put a price-tag on access to victims, aid agencies pursue branding in a competition for 'scarce' resources relative to the staggering needs. As marketization encroaches on traditional humanitarianism, it seems everything may have a priceÑfrom access and principles, to moral authority and lives.
Figures vi Abbreviations vii About the Author ix Foreword by Hugo Slim xi Acknowledgments xv Introduction 1 1 Responding to Humanitarian Demands 18 2 The Contemporary Landscape: Need and Greed 56 3 Coordination vs. Competition in an Unregulated Market 96 4 Market Distortions from Above and Below 123 5 The Push and Pull of Coming to the Rescue 143 6 What Next? 157 Notes 181 Suggested Reading 212 Index 218
"Weiss provides important information and insight into the changing nature of humanitarian ism. Recommended [for] all readership levels" Choice "Extremely well written and clear, Humanitarian Business is an excellent introduction to modern humanitarianism." Stephen Hopgood, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London "Thomas G. Weiss exposes the increasingly competitive nature of the humanitarian world as well as the ways in which states and other actors seek to manipulate emergency relief. An essential analysis of the contemporary aid industry." Jeff Crisp, Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees "Thomas G. Weiss has made an outstanding contribution to the understanding and policymaking of humanitarian action for more than twenty-five years. In this new book, he continues to do so by challenging international humanitarians and their government donors to think about their profession as a business." Hugo Slim, Institute for Ethics, Law and Armed Conflict, University of Oxford
Thomas G. Weiss is Presidential Professor of Political Science and Director of the Ralph Bunche Institute for International Studies at the City University of New York Graduate Center.