Details

Human Behavior in the Social Environment


Human Behavior in the Social Environment

Theories for Social Work Practice
1. Aufl.

von: Bruce A. Thyer, Catherine N. Dulmus, Karen M. Sowers

45,99 €

Verlag: Wiley
Format: EPUB
Veröffentl.: 23.07.2012
ISBN/EAN: 9781118240168
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 552

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Beschreibungen

An accessible and engaging guide to the study of human behavior in the social environment, covering every major theoretical approach Providing an overview of the major human behavioral theories used to guide social work practice with individuals, families, small groups, and organizations, Human Behavior in the Social Environment examines a different theoretical approach in each chapter—from its historical and conceptual origins to its relevance to social work and clinical applications. Each chapter draws on a theoretical approach to foster understanding of normative individual human development and the etiology of dysfunctional behavior, as well as to provide guidance in the application of social work intervention. Edited by a team of scholars, Human Behavior in the Social Environment addresses the Council on Social Work Education's required competencies for accreditation (EPAS) and explores: Respondent Learning theory Operant Learning theory Cognitive-Behavioral theory Attachment theory Psychosocial theory Person-Centered theory Genetic theory Ecosystems theory Small Group theory Family Systems theory Organizational theory
Preface xiii Acknowledgments xxix About the Editors xxxi Contributors xxxiii Chapter 1 Human Behavior and the Social Environment: Exploring Conceptual Foundations 1Susan I. Stone, Yolanda Anyon, Stephanie Berzin, Sarah Taylor, and Michael J. Austin Scholarly and Professional Dilemmas Related to Human Behavior and the Social Environment 2 Development of the Human Behavior and Social Environment Construct 7 A Selection of Frameworks That Address Linkages Between Human Behavior and the Social Environment 14 Life Course Approach: An Application 17 The Social Environment: Key Concepts 28 Frameworks for Linking Knowledge to Practice 36 Conclusion 38 Key Terms 39 Review Questions for Critical Thinking 39 Online Resources 40 References 41 Chapter 2 Respondent Learning Theory 47Bruce A. Thyer Respondent Learning Processes 49 Naturally Occurring Examples of Respondent Learning in Real Life 56 Experimental Examples of Respondent Learning 59 Examples of Respondent Learning of Psychosocial Problems 62 Using Respondent Learning in Social Work Practice 67 Creating Conditioned Reactions 69 Philosophical Foundations of Respondent Learning 71 Key Terms 74 Review Questions for Critical Thinking 75 Online Resources 75 References 75 Chapter 3 Operant Learning Theory 83Stephen E. Wong Historical and Conceptual Origins 83 Basic Theoretical Principles 85 Advanced Theoretical Principles 96 Recent Theoretical Developments 98 Relevance to Social Work Practice 103 Critiques of the Operant Learning Approach 111 Key Terms 112 Review Questions for Critical Thinking 112 Online Resources 113 References 114 Chapter 4 Cognitive-Behavioral Theory 125Paula S. Nurius and Rebecca J. Macy Relevance to Contemporary Practitioners 125 Overview of Cognitive-Behavioral Theory 126 Historical and Conceptual Origins 128 Basic Theoretical Principles 132 Advanced Theoretical Principles 140 Recent Theoretical Developments 144 Relevance to Social Work Practice 146 Evidence-Based Foundations 154 Critiques of This Approach 155 Key Terms 157 Review Questions for Critical Thinking 157 Online Resources 158 References 159 Chapter 5 Attachment Theory 165Michelle Mohr Carney and Phen M. Young Historical and Conceptual Origins 166 Basic Theoretical Principles 168 Advanced Theoretical Principles 169 Recent Theoretical Developments 171 Relevance to Social Work Practice 173 Critiques of This Approach 182 Key Terms 183 Review Questions for Critical Thinking 183 Online Resources 184 References 184 Chapter 6 Psychosocial Theory 193Roberta R. Greene Developmental Theory 193 Historical and Conceptual Origins 194 Basic Theoretical Principles 197 Advanced Theoretical Principles 207 Recent Theoretical Developments 210 Relevance to Social Work Practice 212 Evidence-Based Foundations: Erikson on Erikson 214 Critiques of This Approach 215 Key Terms 219 Review Questions for Critical Thinking 219 Online Resources 220 References 220 Chapter 7 Person-Centered Theory 225Michael J. Holosko, Jeffrey Skinner, and Catherine A. Patterson Historical and Conceptual Origins 226 Basic Theoretical Principles 233 Advanced Theoretical Principles 239 Recent Theoretical Developments 243 Relevance to Social Work 244 Assessment 246 Intervention 248 Evidence-Based Foundations 251 Critiques of This Approach 254 Key Terms 257 Review Questions for Critical Thinking 258 Online Resources 258 References 259 Chapter 8 Genetic Theory 263Laura J. Pankow The Eukaryotic Cell 266 Chromosomes 268 Reproduction 270 Mitosis 271 Mendelian Genetics 273 The Process of Meiosis 275 Pedigrees 277 DNA and RNA 278 The Genetics of Gender 281 The Human Genome Project 285 Conclusion 291 Key Terms 292 Review Questions for Critical Thinking 292 Online Resources 292 References 294 Chapter 9 Ecosystems Theory 297Mark A. Mattaini and Kristen Huffman-Gottschling The Ecosystems Perspective in Social Work 298 The Conceptual Roots of the Ecosystems Perspective 300 Evaluating the Ecosystems Perspective 311 Returning to the Science 314 Mapping Practice 316 Conclusion 318 Key Terms 319 Review Questions for Critical Thinking 319 Online Resources 320 References 320 Chapter 10 Small Group Theory 327Lorraine Moya Salas, Dominique Roe-Sepowitz, and Craig Winston LeCroy Definitions 329 History and Conceptual Origins 330 Basic Theoretical Principles 339 Advanced Theoretical Principles 344 Recent Theoretical Developments 350 Relevance to Social Work Practice 353 Evidence-Based Foundations 359 Critiques of This Approach 361 Key Terms 362 Review Questions for Critical Thinking 363 Online Resources 363 References 364 Chapter 11 Family Systems Theory 369Martha Morrison Dore Historical and Conceptual Origins 369 Basic Theoretical Principles 377 Advanced Theoretical Principles 379 Recent Theoretical Developments 383 Relevance to Social Work Practice 385 Evidence-Based Foundations 396 Critiques of This Theory 398 Key Terms 401 Review Questions for Critical Thinking 401 Online Resources 401 References 402 Chapter 12 Organizational Theory 411John E. Tropman and Emily J. Nicklett Organizational Behavior 411 Historical and Conceptual Origins 414 Basic Theoretical Principles 422 Advanced Theoretical Principles 426 Recent Theoretical Developments 432 Relevance to Social Work Practice 442 Overall Social Work Demographics 443 Evidence-Based Foundations 451 Critiques of This Approach 452 Conclusion 452 Key Terms 453 Review Questions for Critical Thinking 453 Online Resources 453 References 454 Chapter 13 The Potentially Harmful Effects of Theory in Social Work 459Bruce A. Thyer Some Harmful Effects of Bad Theory 461 Where Can We Go From Here? 476 Conclusion 481 Key Terms 482 Review Questions for Critical Thinking 482 Online Resources 483 References 484 Author Index 489 Subject Index 499
BRUCE A. THYER, PhD, LCSW, is Professor and former dean, College of Social Work, at Florida State University. He is the founding and current editor of the bimonthly journal Research on Social Work Practice. CATHERINE N. DULMUS, PhD, is Professor, Associate Dean for Research, and Director of the Buffalo Center for Social Research in the School of Social Work at the University at Buffalo, SUNY, and Research Director at Hillside Family of Agencies in Rochester, New York. KAREN M. SOWERS, PhD, is Dean and Beaman Professor in the College of Social Work at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville. Her research interests include juvenile justice, sexuality, social work education, child welfare, evidence–based practice, and international social work practice.
An accessible and engaging guide to the study of human behavior in the social environment, covering every major theoretical approach Providing an overview of the major human behavioral theories used to guide social work practice with individuals, families, small groups, and organizations, Human Behavior in the Social Environment examines a different theoretical approach in each chapter—from its historical and conceptual origins to its relevance to social work and clinical applications. Each chapter draws on a theoretical approach to foster understanding of normative individual human development and the etiology of dysfunctional behavior, as well as to provide guidance in the application of social work intervention. Edited by a team of scholars, Human Behavior in the Social Environment addresses the Council on Social Work Education's required competencies for accreditation (EPAS) and explores: Respondent Learning theory Operant Learning theory Cognitive-Behavioral theory Attachment theory Psychosocial theory Person-Centered theory Genetic theory Ecosystems theory Small Group theory Family Systems theory Organizational theory

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