High Energy MaterialsPropellants, Explosives and Pyrotechnics
Authored by an insider with over 40 years of high energy materials (HEMs) experience in academia, industry and defense organizations, this handbook and ready reference covers all important HEMs from the 1950s to the present with their respective properties and intended purposes. Written at an attainable level for professionals, engineers and technicians alike, the book provides a comprehensive view of the current status and suggests further directions for research and development. An introductory chapter on the chemical and thermodynamic basics allows the reader to become acquainted with the fundamental features of explosives, before moving on to the important safety aspects in processing, handling, transportation and storage of high energy materials. With its collation of results and formulation strategies hitherto scattered in the literature, this should be on the shelf of every HEM researcher and developer.
Preface SALIENT FEATURES OF EXPLOSIVES Introduction Definition Classification Fundamental Features Additional Requirements for Military Explosives Applications of Explosives STATUS OF EXPLOSIVES Historical Aspects Status of Current and Future Explosives Future Scope for Research PROCESSING AND ASSESSMENT TECHNIQUES FOR EXPLOSIVES Processing Techniques for Explosives Formulation Fundamentals Assessment of Explosives PROPELLANTS Classification of Propellants Liquid Propellants Solid Propellants Hybrid Propellants Thixotropic Propellants Performance of Propellants Formulation of Gun Propellants Ingredients of Gun Propellants Ingredients of Solid Rocket Propellants Inhibition of Rocket Propoellants Insulation of Rocket Motors PYROTECHNICS Introduction General Features of Pyrotechnics Ingredients of Pyrotechnic Formulations Important Characteristics of Ingredients for Pyrotechnic Formulations Types of Pyrotechnic Formulations Performance Assessment of Pyrotechnic Formulations Life of Ammunition with Pyrotechnic Devices Nanomaterials: Various Aspects and Use in HEM Formulations Recent and Future Trends in Pyrotechnics EXPLOSIVE AND CHEMICAL SAFETY Safety Explosive Safety Fire Safety Safety Aspects for Transportation of Explosives and Ammunition Safety Aspects for Storage of Explosives and Ammunition Safety Aspects for Handling of Explosives and Ammunition Static Electricity Hazards Extremely Insensitive Detonating Substances and Ammunition Hazard and Risk Analysis Chemical Safety Prevention and Elimination of Explosions, Accidents and Fires
"This book is an excellent overview of the field of energetic materials, well structured in terms of materials and applications." (Chemistry World, December 2010) "I can visualize the magnitude of work and efforts put in this assignment from the quantum of information packed in this book. Indeed this book is going to be a very good guidebook for the professionals dealing with high energy materials and a milestone in the literature on explosives, propellants and pyrotechnics. I am sure that the wealth of information along with a large number of bibliographic references provided in this book will prove to be a goldmine for researchers working in this area. The eminent author, Dr. Jai Prakash Agrawal deserves kudos and appreciation from the entire HEMs community for his valuable contribution to the world of explosive's literature." (Institute of Energetic Materials, 1 November 2010) "The work is clearly and appropriately divided into six chapters, and leads the reader through almost every aspect of high-energy materials. It is written in a way that is also understandable for readers other than chemists." (Angewandte Chemie, 2010)
Jai Prakash Agrawal is the former Director of Materials of the Indian Defence Research and Development Organization. He obtained his PhD in Chemistry from the Gorakhpur University, India, and did postdoctoral work at the University of Saint-Etienne, France, and at the Cavendish Laboratory of the University of Cambridge, UK. In recognition of his achievements Dr. Agrawal was appointed a Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry, London. The focus of his scientific and professional career is on research and development in the field of propellants, explosives and inhibitory materials. He has written a monograph on "Composite Materials" and is recipient of several honours including the prestigious DRDO Technology Award. Together with Robert Hodgson he has authored the book "Organic Chemistry of Explosives", John Wiley & Sons.
Propellants, explosives and pyrotechnics- or high energy materials (HEMs) to use an umbrella term - have obvious applications in the military sector, but can also be used in a variety of ways in civilian areas such as mining, construction or spacecraft engineering. The discovery of new explosives in the 1980s boosted research and development and paved the way for a systematic, purposeful synthesis of high energy materials. This handbook and ready reference covers all important HEMs from the 1950s to the present with their respective properties and intended applications. Written at an attainable level for professionals, engineers and technicians alike, the book provides a comprehensive overview of the current status of HEMs and suggests further directions for research and development. An introductory chapter on the chemical and thermodynamic basics allows the reader to become acquainted with the fundamental features of explosives, before moving on to the important safety aspects in processing, handling, transportation and storage of high energy materials. With its collation of results and formulation strategies hitherto scattered throughout the literature, this unique handbook should be on the bookshelf of every HEM researcher and developer.
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