Details

Handbook of Sea-Level Research


Handbook of Sea-Level Research


Wiley Works 1. Aufl.

von: Ian Shennan, Antony J. Long, Benjamin P. Horton

153,99 €

Verlag: American Geophysical Union
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 17.12.2014
ISBN/EAN: 9781118452561
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 600

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Beschreibungen

Measuring sea-level change – be that rise or fall – is one of the most pressing scientific goals of our time and requires robust scientific approaches and techniques.  This Handbook aims to provide a practical guide to readers interested in this challenge, from the initial design of research approaches through to the practical issues of data collection and interpretation from a diverse range of coastal environments.  Building on thirty years of international research, the Handbook comprises 38 chapters that are authored by leading experts from around the world.  The Handbook will be an important resource to scientists interested and involved in understanding sea-level changes across a broad range of disciplines, policy makers wanting to appreciate our current state of knowledge of sea-level change over different timescales, and many teachers at the university level, as well as advanced-level undergraduates and postgraduate research students, wanting to learn more about sea-level change. Additional resources for this book can be found at: www.wiley.com\go\shennan\sealevel
List of contributors vii Preface xi About the companion website xiii 1. Introduction 1Ian Shennan, Antony J. Long, and Benjamin P. Horton 2. Handbook of sea-level research: framing research questions 3Ian Shennan PART 1: Field techniques for sea-level reconstruction 3. Pre-fieldwork surveys 29Robert C. Witter 4. Coastal sediments 47Alan R. Nelson 5. Geomorphological indicators of past sea levels 66Harvey M. Kelsey 6. Coastal caves and sinkholes 83Peter J. van Hengstum, David A. Richards, Bogdan P. Onac, and Jeffrey A. Dorale 7. Coral reefs 104Yusuke Yokoyama and Tezer M. Esat 8. Coral microatolls 125Aron J. Meltzner and Colin D. Woodroffe 9. Archeological and biological relative sea-level indicators 146Christophe Morhange and Nick Marriner 10. GPS and surveying 157James Foster 11. Reference water level and tidal datum 171Sarah A. Woodroffe and Natasha L. M. Barlow PART 2: Laboratory techniques 12. Techniques and applications of plant macrofossil analysis in sea-level studies 183Martyn Waller 13. Foraminifera 191Robin Edwards and Alex Wright 14. Pollen and spores of terrestrial plants 218Christopher E. Bernhardt and Debra A. Willard 15. Diatoms 233Yongqiang Zong and Yuki Sawai 16. Ostracods and sea level 249Thomas M. Cronin 17. Mollusca 258Jessica E. Pilarczyk and Donald C. Barber 18. Fixed biological indicators 268Alessio Rovere, Fabrizio Antonioli, and Carlo Nike Bianchi 19. Testate amoebae 281Dan J. Charman 20. Stable carbon isotope and C/N geochemistry of coastal wetland sediments as a sea-level indicator 295Nicole S. Khan, Christopher H. Vane, and Benjamin P. Horton 21. Loss on ignition and organic content 312Andrew J. Plater, Jason R. Kirby, John F. Boyle, Timothy Shaw, and Hayley Mills 22. Grain size analysis 331Adam D. Switzer and Jeremy Pile PART 3: Dating methods 23. Radiocarbon dating and calibration 349Torbjörn E. Törnqvist, Brad E. Rosenheim, Ping Hu, and Alvaro B. Fernandez 24. 210Lead and 137Cesium: establishing a chronology for the last century 361D. Reide Corbett and J.P. Walsh 25. Chronohorizons: indirect and unique event dating methods for sea-level reconstructions 373Wil Marshall 26. Uranium-thorium dating 386Andrea Dutton 27. The application of luminescence dating in sea-level studies 404Mark D. Bateman PART 4: Modeling 28. Glacial isostatic adjustment 421Glenn A. Milne 29. Tidal modeling 438Stephen D. Griffiths and David F. Hill 30. Compaction 452Matthew J. Brain 31. Transfer functions 470Andrew C. Kemp and Richard J. Telford 32. Using chronological models in late Holocene sea-level reconstructions from saltmarsh sediments 500Andrew C. Parnell and W. Roland Gehrels 33. Paleogeography 514Geert-Jan Vis, Kim M. Cohen, Wim E. Westerhoff, Johan H. Ten Veen, Marc P. Hijma, Ad J.F. van der Spek, and Peter C. Vos 34. A protocol for a geological sea-level database 536Marc P. Hijma, Simon E. Engelhart, Torbjörn E. Törnqvist, Benjamin P. Horton, Ping Hu, and David F. Hill PART 5: Direct measurements 35. Sea-level measurements from tide gauges 557Philip L. Woodworth, David T. Pugh, and Andrew J. Plater Index 575
Professor Ian Shennan, also from the Department of Geography of Durham University, UK undertakes research on sea-level change, earthquakes and tsunami and the development of relevant scientific approaches and techniques. Professor Antony J Long, from the Department of Geography of Durham University, UK is a sea-level scientist with a particular interest in reconstructing past sea-level change from polar regions. Dr Ben Horton is a Professor at the Department of Marine and Coastal Sciences of Rutgers University, New Jersey, USA. He aims to understand and integrate the external and internal mechanisms that have determined sea-level changes in the past, and which will shape such changes in the future. All three have conducted field-based research in diverse environments, from the tropics to high latitudes, much with the backing of the major research agencies in the UK, Europe and the USA as well as commercial and government stakeholders.
Measuring sea-level change – be that rise or fall – is one of the most pressing scientific goals of our time and requires robust scientific approaches and techniques. This Handbook aims to provide a practical guide to readers interested in this challenge, from the initial design of research approaches through to the practical issues of data collection and interpretation from a diverse range of coastal environments. Building on thirty years of international research, the Handbook comprises 38 chapters that are authored by leading experts from around the world. The Handbook will be an important resource to scientists interested and involved in understanding sea-level changes across a broad range of disciplines, policy makers wanting to appreciate our current state of knowledge of sea-level change over different timescales, and many teachers at the University level, as well as advanced-level undergraduates and postgraduate research students, wanting to learn more about sea-level change.

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