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Handbook of Composites from Renewable Materials, Physico-Chemical and Mechanical Characterization


Handbook of Composites from Renewable Materials, Physico-Chemical and Mechanical Characterization


3. Aufl.

von: Vijay Kumar Thakur, Manju Kumari Thakur, Michael R. Kessler

237,99 €

Verlag: Wiley-Scrivener
Format: EPUB
Veröffentl.: 17.02.2017
ISBN/EAN: 9781119224303
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 688

DRM-geschütztes eBook, Sie benötigen z.B. Adobe Digital Editions und eine Adobe ID zum Lesen.

Beschreibungen

The Handbook of Composites From Renewable Materials comprises a set of 8 individual volumes that brings an interdisciplinary perspective to accomplish a more detailed understanding of the interplay between the synthesis, structure, characterization, processing, applications and performance of these advanced materials. The handbook covers a multitude of natural polymers/ reinforcement/ fillers and biodegradable materials. Together, the 8 volumes total at least 5000 pages and offers a unique publication. This 3rd volume of the Handbook is solely focused on the Physico-Chemical and Mechanical Characterization of renewable materials. Some of the important topics include but not limited to: structural and biodegradation characterization of supramolecular PCL/HAP nano-composites; different characterization of solid bio-fillers based agricultural waste material; poly (ethylene-terephthalate) reinforced with hemp fibers;  poly (lactic acid) thermoplastic composites from renewable materials; chitosan –based composite materials: fabrication and characterization; the use of flax fiber reinforced polymer (FFRP) composites in the externally reinforced structures for seismic retrofitting monitored by transient thermography and optical techniques; recycling and reuse of fiber reinforced polymer wastes in concrete composite materials; analysis of damage in hybrid composites subjected to ballistic impacts; biofiber reinforced acrylated epoxidized soybean oil (AESO) biocomposites; biopolyamides and high performance natural fiber-reinforced biocomposites; impact of recycling on the mechanical and thermo-mechanical properties of wood fiber based HDPE and PLA composites; lignocellulosic fibers composites: an overview; biodiesel derived raw glycerol to value added products; thermo-mechanical characterization of sustainable structural composites; novel pH sensitive composite hydrogel based on functionalized starch/clay for the controlled release of amoxicillin; preparation and characterization of biobased thermoset polymers from renewable resources; influence of natural fillers size and shape into mechanical and barrier properties of biocomposites; composite of biodegradable polymer blends of PCL/PLLA and coconut fiber - the effects of ionizing radiation; packaging composite materials from renewable resources; physicochemical properties of ash based geopolymer concrete; a biopolymer derived from castor oil polyurethane; natural polymer based biomaterials; physical and mechanical properties of polymer membranes from renewable resources
Preface xxi 1 Structural and Biodegradation Characterization of Supramolecular PCL/HAp Nanocomposites for Application in Tissue Engineering 1Parvin Shokrollahi, Fateme Shokrolahi and Parinaz Hassanzadeh 1.1 Introduction 1 1.2 Biomedical Applications of HAp 2 1.3 Effect of HAp Particles on Biodegradation of PCL/HAp Composites 5 1.4 Polycaprolactone 6 1.5 Supramolecular Polymers and Supramolecular PCL 7 1.6 Supramolecular Composites: PCL (UPy)2 /HApUPy Composites 8 1.7 PCL(UPy)2 /HApUPy Nanocomposites 17 References 20 2 Different Characterization of Solid Biofillers-based Agricultural Waste Material 25Ahmad Mousa and Gert Heinrich 2.1 Introduction 25 2.2 Examples on Agricultural Waste Materials 26 2.3 The Main Polymorphs of Cellulose 30 2.4 Modification Methods of Agro-biomass 31 2.5 Properties of Thermoplastics Reinforced with Untreated Wood Fillers 34 2.6 Production of Nanocellulose 34 2.7 Processing of Wood Thermoplastic Composites 37 2.8 Conclusion 38 References 38 3 Poly (ethylene-terephthalate) Reinforced with Hemp Fibers: Elaboration, Characterization, and Potential Applications 43A.S. Fotso Talla, F. Erchiqui and J.S.Y. D Pagé 3.1 General Introduction to Biocomposite Materials 43 3.2 PET–Hemp Fiber Composites 45 3.3 Methods of Elaboration and Characterization of PET–Hemp Fiber Composites 48 3.4 Properties of PET–Hemp Fiber Composites 50 3.5 Applications of PET–Hemp Fiber Composites 57 3.6 Conclusion and Future Prospects 64 References 64 4 Poly(Lactic Acid) Thermoplastic Composites from Renewable Materials 69Khosrow Khodabakhshi 4.1 Introduction 69 4.2 Poly(Lactic Acid) Production, Properties, and Processing 71 4.3 Poly(Lactic Acid) Nanocomposites 74 4.4 Poly(Lactic Acid) Natural Fibers-Reinforced Composites 79 4.5 Conclusions 93 References 93 5 Chitosan-Based Composite Materials: Fabrication and Characterization 103Nabil A. Ibrahim and Basma M. Eid 5.1 Introduction 103 5.2 Cs-Based Composite Materials 105 5.3 Cs-Based Nanocomposites 105 5.4 Characterization of Cs-based Composites 130 5.5 Environmental Concerns 130 5.6 Future Prospects 130 References 133 6 The Use of Flax Fiber-reinforced Polymer (FFRP) Composites in the Externally Reinforced Structures for Seismic Retrofitting Monitored by Transient Thermography and Optical Techniques 137C. Ibarra-Castanedo, S. Sfarra, D. Paoletti, A. Bendada and X. Maldague 6.1 Introduction 137 6.2 Experimental Setup 139 6.3 Conclusions 151 Acknowledgments 152 References 152 7 Recycling and Reuse of Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Wastes in Concrete Composite Materials 155M.C.S. Ribeiro, A. Fiúza and A.J.M. Ferreira 7.1 Introduction 155 7.2 Recycling Processes for Thermoset FRP Wastes 158 7.3 End-Use Applications for Mechanically Recycled FRP Wastes 164 7.4 Market Outlook and Future Perspectives 166 Acknowledgment 167 References 167 8 Analysis of Damage in Hybrid Composites Subjected to Ballistic Impacts: An Integrated Non-destructive Approach 175S. Sfarra, F. López, F. Sarasini, J. Tirillò, L. Ferrante, S. Perilli, C. Ibarra-Castanedo, D. Paoletti, L. Lampani, E. Barbero, S. Sánchez-Sáez and X. Maldague 8.1 Introduction 176 8.2 Lay-up Sequences and Manufacturing of Composite Materials 178 8.3 Test Procedure 178 8.4 Numerical Simulation 180 8.5 Non-destructive Testing Methods and Related Techniques 191 8.6 Results and Discussion 194 8.7 Conclusions 206 References 206 9 Biofiber-Reinforced Acrylated Epoxidized Soybean Oil (AESO)  Biocomposites 211Nazire Deniz Yylmaz, G.M. Arifuzzaman Khan and Kenan Yylmaz 9.1 Introduction 211 9.2 Soybean Oil 213 9.3 Functionalization of Soy Oil Triglyceride 216 9.4 Manufacturing of AESO-Based Composites 227 9.5 Targeted Applications 247 9.6 Conclusion 247 Acknowledgments 248 References 248 10 Biopolyamides and High-Performance Natural Fiber-Reinforced Biocomposites 253Shaghayegh Armioun, Muhammad Pervaiz and Mohini Sain 10.1 Introduction 253 10.2 Polyamide Chemistry 256 10.3 Overview of Current Applications of Polyamides 261 10.4 Biopolyamide Reinforced with Natural Fibers 262 10.5 Conclusion 268 References 268 11 Impact of Recycling on the Mechanical and Thermo-Mechanical Properties of Wood Fiber Based HDPE and PLA Composites 271Dilpreet S. Bajwa and Sujal Bhattacharjee 11.1 Introduction 271 11.2 Experiments 275 11.3 Results and Discussion 279 11.4 Conclusion 289 References 289 12 Lignocellulosic Fibers Composites: An Overview 293Grzegorz Kowaluk 12.1 Wood 293 12.2 Conventional Wood-Based Composites 296 12.3 Lignocellulosic Composites with Reduced Weight 299 12.4 Regenerated Cellulose Fibers 301 12.5 Composites with Natural Fibres 303 12.6 Sisal 303 12.7 Banana Fibers 304 12.8 Lignin and Cellulose 305 12.9 Nanocellulose 306 References 306 13 Biodiesel-Derived Raw Glycerol to Value-Added Products: Catalytic Conversion Approach 309Samira Bagheri, Nurhidayatullaili Muhd Julkapli, Wageeh Abdulhadi Yehya Dabdawb and Negar Mansouri 13.1 Introduction 309 13.2 Glycerol 313 13.3 Catalytic Conversion of Glycerol to Value-added Products 316 13.4 Conclusion 345 References 346 14 Thermo-Mechanical Characterization of Sustainable Structural Composites 367Marek Prajer and Martin P. Ansell 14.1 Introduction 367 14.2 Structure and Mechanical Properties of Botanical Fibers 368 14.3 Sustainable Polymer Matrix 372 14.4 Interface in Natural Fiber-Sustainable Polymer Microcomposites 377 14.5 Natural Fibers as a Reinforcement in Unidirectional and Laminar Composites 381 14.6 Sustainable Structural Composites 384 14.7 Discussion and Conclusions 401 Acknowledgment 402 References 402 15 Novel pH Sensitive Composite Hydrogel Based on Functionalized Starch/clay for the Controlled Release of Amoxicillin 409T.S. Anirudhan, J. Parvathy and Anoop S. Nair 15.1 Introduction 409 15.2 Experimental 412 15.3 Results and Discussion 416 15.4 Conclusions 421 Acknowledgments 422 References 422 16 Preparation and Characterization of Biobased Thermoset Polymers from Renewable Resources and Their Use in Composites 425Sunil Kumar Ramamoorthy, Dan Åkesson, Mikael Skrifvars and Behnaz Baghaei 16.1 Introduction 425 16.2 Characterization 427 References 452 17 Influence of Natural Fillers Size and Shape into Mechanical and Barrier Properties of Biocomposites 459Marcos Mariano, Clarice Fedosse Zornio, Farayde Matta Fakhouri and Sílvia Maria Martelli 17.1 Introduction 459 17.2 Mechanical Properties of Biobased Composites 464 References 480 18 Composite of Biodegradable Polymer Blends of PCL/PLLA and Coconut Fiber: The Effects of Ionizing Radiation 489Yasko Kodama 18.1 Introduction 489 18.2 Material and Method 494 18.3 Results and Discussion 502 18.4 Conclusion 519 Acknowledgments 520 References 521 19 Packaging Composite Materials from Renewable Resources 525Behjat Tajeddin 19.1 Introduction 525 19.2 Sustainable Packaging 527 19.3 Packaging Materials/Composites 531 19.4 Biomass Packaging Materials/Biobased Polymers 532 19.5 Vegetable Oils/Essential Oils 538 19.6 Aliphatic Polyesters 538 19.7 Synthetic/Natural Polymers Reinforcement with Any Other Renewable Resources/Vegetables Fibers Blends 544 19.8 Edible Packaging Materials (Composites) 545 19.9 Processing Methods or Tools for Biopackaging Composites Productions 546 19.10 Nanopackaging (Bionanocomposites) 549 19.11 Preparation Methods for Packaging Nanocomposites 550 19.12 Edible Nanocomposite-based Material 552 19.13 Summary/Conclusion 552 Abbreviations 553 References 554 20 Physicochemical Properties of Ash-Based Geopolymer Concrete 563M. Shanmuga Sundaram and S. Karthiyaini 20.1 Precursor of Geopolymerization 563 20.2 Back Ground of Precursor 564 20.3 Present Scenario of Geopolymer 564 20.4 Geopolymer Concrete 565 20.5 Constituents of Geopolymers 566 20.6 Evolution of Geopolymer 566 20.7 Works on Geopolymer Concrete 567 20.8 Economic Benefits of Geopolymer Concrete 574 20.9 Authors Study 574 20.10 Conclusion 577 References 578 21 A Biopolymer Derived from Castor Oil Polyurethane: Experimental and Numerical Analyses 581R.R.C. da Costa, A.C. Vieira, R.M. Guedes and V. Tita 21.1 Introduction 581 21.2 Experimental Analyses 586 21.3 Constitutive Models 590 21.4 Results 591 21.5 Conclusions 602 Acknowledgment 604 References 604 22 Natural Polymer-Based Biomaterials and Its Properties 607Md. Saiful Islam, Irmawati Binti Ramli, S.N. Kamilah, Azman Hassan and Abu Saleh Ahmed 22.1 Introduction 608 22.2 Modifications of PLA 612 22.3 PLA Applications 612 22.4 Characterization by FT-IR 614 22.5 Characterization by Optical Microscopy 615 22.6 Characterization by Electron Microscopy 616 22.7 Characterization by Mechanical Testing 618 22.8 Characterization of GPC 624 22.9 Characterization of Dynamic Mechanical Thermal Analysis 625 References 626 23 Physical and Mechanical Properties of Polymer Membranes from Renewable Resources 631Anika Zafiah Mohd Rus 23.1 Introduction 631 23.2 Membranes Classifications 633 23.3 Overview of Fabrication Method of Polymer Membranes from Renewable Resources 637 23.4 Chemical Reaction of Renewable Polymer (BP) 640 23.5 Morphological Changes of Polymer Membrane by Scanning Electron Microscope 645 23.6 Water Permeability 648 23.7 Conclusions 649 References 650 Index 653

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