Expanded Learning Time and OpportunitiesNew Directions for Youth Development, Number 131
J-B MHS Single Issue Mental Health Services, Band 110 1. Aufl.
Expanding the learning day is gaining national momentum as an important school-improvement and whole-child development strategy. This issue focuses on school-community partnerships that provide a seamless, longer learning day that best meets the academic (Expanded Learning Time or ELT) and developmental (Expanded Learning Opportunities or ELO) needs of high-poverty students in resource-poor communities. First it draws attention to the importance of ELOs and offers contours of the ELT-ELO partnerships through research evidence and policy analysis. It then covers both in practice and features a spectrum of ELT-ELO partnerships, from less to more integrated models. The issue pays close attention to: The central role ELOs play in ELT schools The changing safeguards for community-based organizations Ways in which current education policy is shaping the approach of schools and community partners to learning and development. This is the 131st volume of New Directions for Youth Development, the Jossey-Bass quarterly report series dedicated to bringing together everyone concerned with helping young people, including scholars, practitioners, and people from different disciplines and professions.
Issue Editor's Notes 1 Helen Janc Malone Executive Summary 9 1. Expanded learning time and opportunities: Key principles, driving perspectives, and major challenges 15 Dale A. Blyth, Laura LaCroix-Dalluhn The authors posit three key principles the field should consider in the expanded learning debates: respect the distinct differences and values of formal, nonformal, and informal learning; acknowledge the value of a broad but clear definition and regular assessment of multiple elements of successful learning and development; and reduce the current inequities in each approach to learning. 2. From after-school to expanded learning: A decade of progress 29 Robert M. Stonehill, Sherri C. Lauver, Tara Donahue, Neil Naftzger, Carol K. McElvain, Jaime Stephanidis This chapter examines four aspects of the ELO movement: the current philosophical and policy debates, the impact of federal legislation, how expanded learning efforts are increasingly seen as a promising school reform component, and policy recommendations to support a national vision for expanded learning time and opportunities. 3. The emergence of time as a lever for learning 43 Christopher Gabrieli The author makes an argument for expanded learning time schools as a promising expanded day strategy that offers predominantly high-poverty students a well-rounded education. The chapter addresses school-community partnerships as an important vehicle for delivering youth development services during an expanded day schedule. 4. Expanding the learning day: An essential component of the community schools strategy 55 Reuben Jacobson, Martin J. Blank The authors offer comparisons between community schools and expanded learning time schools. The chapter posits that community schools can serve as an effective vehicle for delivering an expanded learning strategy by focusing on both a longer learning time and developmental opportunities. 5. Expanded learning the LA's BEST way 69 Carla Sanger, Paul E. Heckman In this chapter, the authors track the development of LA's BEST and present practices and research evidence that show the benefits of this valuesbased program-delivery model on students’ nonformal learning and positive youth development. 6. The After-School Corporation's approach to expanded learning 81 Anne-Marie E. Hoxie, Lisa DeBellis, Saskia K. Traill The authors address how TASC, a New York City intermediary, developed and implemented an expanded learning strategy, ELT/NYC, to help and reform schools to meet a range of students’ learning needs. 7. Citizen Schools' partner-dependent expanded learning model 93 Eric Schwarz, Emily McCann The leaders of Citizen Schools, a national nonprofit organization, reflect on their own experiences working with expanded learning time schools, including the common successes and challenges they face partnering with schools, and offer ways to build strong school-community partner collaborations. 8. Building an expanded learning time and opportunities school: Principals' perspectives 107 Helen Janc Malone Four public school principals from New York City, Los Angeles, and Houston describe how they implemented an expanded learning strategy within their schools to provide both academic and enrichment opportunities. 9. Next steps in the expanded learning discourse 119 Helen Janc Malone, Gil G. Noam This concluding chapter provides an overview of crosscutting themes, addresses both conceptual and practical challenges facing expanded learning time and opportunities, and proposes several concrete steps for engaging community partners in the national expanded learning discourse. Index 137
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