Essentials of ADHD Assessment for Children and Adolescents
Essentials of Psychological Assessment 1. Aufl.
A comprehensive approach to accurate ADHD diagnosis In Essentials of ADHD Assessment in Children and Adolescents, the authors provide a clear and informative road map for practitioners seeking to conduct state-of-the-art assessments for one of the most common disorders of childhood. Drawing upon years of experience in conducting diagnostic evaluations of ADHD following best-practice standards, they emphasize the importance of a comprehensive evaluation, incorporating data from multiple sources, using multiple methods, and interpreting findings within the appropriate developmental and cultural contexts. The major components of an ADHD evaluation (interviews, rating scales, cognitive testing, observation, record review) are reviewed in detail. Expert guidance is provided for resolving the most common challenges in assessing ADHD, including differentiating symptoms from normal development, dealing with discrepant data, differential diagnosis, and considering comorbidity. The latest scholarly literature is integrated with the authors' practical recommendations to provide clinicians with the concepts and tools needed for effective and accurate assessment of ADHD, addressing such topics as: When inattention is ADHD, and when it may be emotional or neurological Which disorders may masquerade as or present with ADHD The elements of accurate ADHD testing and the reasons behind them Integrating results of a multi-modal approach into an ADHD assessment An indispensable professional resource for practicing clinicians, Essentials of ADHD Assessment for Children and Adolescents is a reader-friendly guide to providing a thorough, responsible ADHD evaluation.
Foreword xi Series Preface xiii Preface xv Acknowledgments xix One Understanding ADHD 1 Historical Perspective 2 Overarching Principles 8 Core Features 11 Associated Features and Comorbidity 14 Etiology 20 Epidemiology 25 Summary 30 Test Yourself 30 References 32 Two What the DSM-5 Says About ADHD 45 Organization of the DSM-5 46 DSM-5 Criteria for ADHD 49 How Do I Know if It Is DSM-5 ADHD? 64 Summary 64 Test Yourself 65 References 67 Three Assessing ADHD: Goals and Guiding Principles 69 Goals 70 Guiding Principles 78 Summary 99 Test Yourself 100 References 102 Four Components of ADHD Assessment 107 Sequence of Evaluation Components 109 Record Review 111 Interview 113 Clinical Observation 125 Rating Scales 128 Cognitive Testing 133 Summary 148 Test Yourself 149 References 150 Five Putting It All Together: Integrating Findings and Drawing Conclusions 154 Clinical Application of the DSM-5 Criteria for ADHD 155 Differential Diagnosis and Comorbidity 163 Dealing with Discrepant Data 179 Beyond Diagnosis 183 Summary 186 Test Yourself 187 References 189 Six Illustrative Case Reports 191 Psychological Evaluation 194 ADHD Evaluation Report 223 Neuropsychological Evaluation 245 Annotated Bibliography 275 About the Authors 277 Index 279
ELIZABETH P. SPARROW, PhD, is a pediatric neuropsychologist in Raleigh, North Carolina, with expertise in diagnosis and treatment planning for ADHD in children, adolescents, and young adults. Dr. Sparrow wrote the Essentials of Conners Behavior Assessments, co-authored the Guide to Assessment Scales in ADHD, Second Edition, and co-edited Executive Function and Dysfunction: Identification, Assessment, and Treatment. DREW ERHARDT, PhD, is a clinical psychologist and professor in the Graduate School of Education and Psychology at Pepperdine University. In addition to writing numerous journal articles and chapters on the nature, assessment, and treatment of ADHD, Dr. Erhardt co-authored the Conners Adult ADHD Rating Scale and served on the editorial board of the Journal of Attention Disorders.
Detailed guidance on evaluation and differential diagnosis of ADHD Expert advice on selecting, interpreting, and integrating evaluation components Conveniently formatted for rapid reference Quickly acquire the knowledge and skills you need to confidently and accurately identify ADHD in children and adolescents In light of skyrocketing rates of ADHD diagnosis and the serious consequences of misdiagnosis, clinicians must be able to accurately identify ADHD and to differentiate it from competing and comorbid conditions. Essentials of ADHD Assessment for Children and Adolescents provides detailed guidelines for achieving these goals with confidence. After reading this book, practitioners will understand the nature and impact of ADHD, application of DSM™-5 criteria for the disorder, essential components of state-of-the-art ADHD evaluations, and effective practices for interpreting and reporting assessment results. Applied aspects of this book include integrating evaluation data, resolving discrepancies among information sources, and clinical tips for recognizing what is ADHD and what is not ADHD. Like all the volumes in the Essentials of Psychological Assessment series, each chapter features numerous callout boxes highlighting key concepts, bullet points, and helpful clinical examples. Sample reports from a clinical psychologist, school psychologist, and neuropsychologist illustrate how a variety of report-writing styles can be used to effectively integrate and communicate the results of comprehensive ADHD assessments. With a foreword by Dr. C. Keith Conners, this straightforward book provides comprehensive coverage of ADHD and its diagnosis and gives readers the necessary tools to conduct efficient and effective evaluations of this common but frequently misdiagnosed disorder.
“Far and away the best guide to ADHD assessment and diagnosis ever done.” —Stephen P. Hinshaw, Ph.D. Professor, Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley; Vice-Chair of Psychology, Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco; Editor, Psychological Bulletin; co-author of The ADHD Explosion
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