This primer for architects explores the basic physical principles and requirements of every aspect of passive and active controls in buildings. Avoiding needless jargon, Environmental Issues for Architecture supports an understanding of environmental systems in order to inform architectural design. With topics ranging from lighting, acoustics, thermal control, plumbing, fire protection and egress, to elevators and escalators, all of the latest technologies are supported. Designer-friendly, this rich resource gives just enough technical information for architects to design buildings that are efficient and comfortable.
PREFACE. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS. Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION. INTRODUCTION. ENVIRONMENTAL AESTHETICS. THE INTENTIONS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN. CONCLUSION. BIBLIOGRAPHY. Chapter 2 LIGHTING PRINCIPLES. VISUAL PHENOMENA. BASIC PRINCIPLES OF LIGHTING. PURPOSE OF ARCHITECTURAL LIGHTING. PHYSICAL NATURE OF LIGHT. LIGHT SOURCES. BASIC SOURCES OF INTERIOR LIGHTING. ILLUMINATION. BIBLIOGRAPHY. Chapter 3 LIGHTING CALCULATIONS. LIGHTING CALCULATION PROCEDURES. POINT-TO-POINT CALCULATIONS. ZONAL CAVITY CALCULATIONS. LIGHTING CALCULATIONS EXAMPLES. BIBLIOGRAPHY. Chapter 4 DAYLIGHTING. INTRODUCTION. DESIGN INTENTIONS FOR DAYLIGHTING. DAYLIGHT CALCULATIONS. DAYLIGHTING DIAGRAMS. BIBLIOGRAPHY. Chapter 5 ACOUSTICS. INTRODUCTION. PHYSICS OF SOUND. ARCHITECTURAL ACOUSTICS. SOUND DISTRIBUTION. SOUND ISOLATION. BIBLIOGRAPHY. Chapter 6 THE THERMAL ENVIRONMENT. THEORY OF HEAT: AN HISTORIC REVIEW. PSYCHROMETRIC CHART. THERMAL TRANSFER. ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL. ENVIRONMENTAL COMFORT. CLIMATE. BIBLIOGRAPHY. Chapter 7 THERMAL CALCULATIONS. HEAT LOSS. CODE COMPLIANCE. ANNUAL HEATING DEMAND. HEAT GAIN. BIBLIOGRAPHY. Chapter 8 HISTORIC REVIEW. INTRODUCTION. HISTORY OF HEATING. CENTRAL HEATING. HISTORY OF COOLING. BIBLIOGRAPHY. Chapter 9 ECS DESIGN INTENTIONS. ARCHITECTURAL VERSUS MECHANICAL CONTROL OF THE ENVIRONMENT. ECS ZONING. THE BEST ECS. BIBLIOGRAPHY. Chapter 10 ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL SYSTEMS. CATEGORIES OF ECS. HEAT GENERATION PROCESS. REFRIGERATION PROCESS. PSYCHROMETRICS. HYDRONIC DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS. HYDRONIC TRANSFER UNITS. AIR DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS. AIR SYSTEM SUBZONE CONTROL. OVERALL SYSTEM SIZING AND SELECTION. PASSIVE SOLAR SYSTEM. BIBLIOGRAPHY. Chapter 11 PLUMBING. INTRODUCTION. WATER SUPPLY. RAINWATER CONTROL. WATER DISTRIBUTION. PLUMBING SUPPLY FIXTURES. WATER REMOVAL. WATER DRAINAGE. SEWAGE TREATMENT. BIBLIOGRAPHY. Chapter 12 ELECTRICITY. INTRODUCTION. BASIC PRINCIPLES. SOURCES OF ELECTRIC POWER. ELECTRICAL TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION. BUILDING DISTRIBUTION. GENERAL GUIDELINES FOR RESIDENTIAL APPLICATIONS. BIBLIOGRAPHY. Chapter 13 FIRE PROTECTION AND EGRESS. FIRE SAFETY EGRESS STAIRS. FIRE EGRESS. FIRE CONTROL—PREVENTION AND SUPPRESSION. BIBLIOGRAPHY. Chapter 14 ELEVATORS AND ESCALATORS. ELEVATORS. ELEVATOR SYSTEM DESIGN. ELEVATORING. ESCALATORS. MOVING WALKWAYS. BIBLIOGRAPHY. INDEX.
David Lee Smith is Professor of Architecture in the School of Architecture and Interior Design at the University of Cincinnati, where he teaches architectural design and environmental technologies.
A comprehensive introduction to environmental controls for architectural design With concerns for sustainability rapidly changing the technological playing field, the romanticized depiction of architects as solitary artists confined to their drafting tables is becoming a thing of the past. More than ever, today's architects must assume a leadership role in collaborative design that involves many professional interactions. This requires that architects have an all-inclusive understanding of the environmental concerns influencing their designs. Comprehensive and broad in scope, this designer-friendly guide delivers solid fundamentals from a historical perspective, covering environmental design topics that range from lighting, acoustics, thermal control, and plumbing to fire protection egress, elevators, and escalators. It shows how the interconnection between science and aesthetics holds the key to creating buildings that are structurally enduring and socially responsible. This book: Gives an understanding of the principles of various environmental issues without getting bogged down in engineering specifics Is illustrated throughout with photographs and drawings Includes a companion Web site with PowerPoint presentations Enables designers to communicate and coordinate effectively with specialists in HVAC, electrical systems, lighting, plumbing, and acoustics Environmental Issues for Architecture provides architecture and interior design students with the larger picture without overwhelming them with details. Exploring subjects that are not emphasized in traditional classrooms, this timely book shows how architects and designers can successfully transform their ideas in ways that allow them to expand their professional services and play a more important role in the building process.
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