England and its Rulers1066 - 1307
Blackwell Classic Histories of England 4. Aufl.
This is an updated and expanded edition of a classic introduction to medieval England from the reign of William the Conqueror to Edward I. Includes a new chapter on family and gender roles, revisions throughout to enhance the narrative flow, and further reading sections containing the most up-to-date sources Offers engaging and clear discussion of the key political, economic, social, and cultural issues of the period, by an esteemed scholar and writer Illustrates themes with lively, pertinent examples and important primary sources Assesses the reigns of key Norman, Angevin, and Plantagenet monarchs, as well as the British dimension of English history, the creation of wealth, the rise of the aristocracy, and more
Preface to the Fourth Edition ix List of Abbreviations x Maps 1. England and France xi 2. England and the Mediterranean xii 3. Edward I’s kingdom in Britain in 1305 xiii 1 England’s Place in Medieval Europe 1 England and its conquerors 3 Europe and the world 6 England’s destiny 10 Interpretations of English history 15 England and Britain 18 Part I The Normans (1066–1135) 23 2 The Norman Conquest (1066–87) 28 Immediately after the Conquest 28 Debates about the Conquest 31 English feelings about the Normans 35 Names and languages 39 Domesday Book 42 3 Norman Government (1087–1135) 47 William Rufus and Henry I 48 The development of institutions 54 The Exchequer 56 Feudalism 60 4 Church Reform 65 The Anglo-Saxon church 65 Lanfranc and Norman control 68 Anselm and religious perfection 73 Monastic expansion 77 5 The Creation of Wealth 83 Competition between churches and towns 84 Markets and money 89 What was wealth? 92 Did the Normans make a difference? 95 Part II The Angevins (1135–99) 99 6 Struggles for the Kingdom (1135–99) 106 Property and inheritance 107 Stephen and Matilda 110 Henry II’s ancestral rights 113 Henry II and his sons 118 Richard I 120 7 Law and Order 125 The law and feudalism 126 The system described by Glanvill 128 Henry II’s intentions 131 Bureaucracy 133 Why did England develop a system of its own? 136 8 The Twelfth-century Renaissance 140 England’s place in this Renaissance 142 Curiales and Latinists 145 The Owl and the Nightingale 148 Artists and patrons 150 9 The Matter of Britain 155 Arthur and Merlin 158 Wales – defining an allegiance 162 Modernization in Scotland 167 Civilization in Ireland 174 10 Family and Gender 182 Gender 185 Clerics and the family 188 The law of marriage 191 House and home 194 Part III The Poitevins (1199–1272) 198 11 King John and the Minority of Henry III (1199–1227) 203 The Poitevin connection 203 The record of King John 207 Magna Carta 210 The regency of William the Marshal 214 Implications of the minority 219 12 The Personal Rule of Henry III (1227–58) 223 Contemporary rulers 224 The return of Peter des Roches 228 Henry’s style of kingship 232 Henry’s European strategy 239 The ‘Sicilian business’ 243 13 National Identity 248 National feeling in Henry III’s reign 248 The papacy and internationalism 251 The identity of England 253 The use of the English language 257 From lordship to nation state 260 The expulsion of the Poitevins 263 14 The Commune of England (1258–72) 267 The confederates of 1258 268 The idea of the commune 271 The Provisions of Oxford 273 Henry III’s recovery 276 Monarchy versus community 278 The king and Westminster abbey 281 15 Lordship and the Structure of Society 284 Homage and honour 287 Women and lordship 291 Lords, freemen and serfs 294 Lordship and management 298 Epilogue 304 16 Edward I (1272–1307) 304 Assessing the king’s character 306 The enforcement of royal rights 310 The conquest of Wales 315 The subjection of Scotland 320 English law and nationalism 324 Genealogical Tables Normans and Angevins 331 Angevins and Poitevins 332 The Savoyards 333 Suggestions for Further Reading 334 Index 343
Michael Clanchy is Professor Emeritus of Medieval History at the Institute of Historical Research, University of London, UK, and a fellow of the British Academy. He taught previously at Glasgow University, and is considered to be one of the leading medieval scholars of his generation. His publications include From Memory to Written Record: England 1066–1306 (3rd edition, Wiley Blackwell, 2012) and Abelard: A Medieval Life (Wiley Blackwell, 1999).
Now available in an updated and expanded fourth edition, England and Its Rulers 1066–1307 is a classic introduction to medieval England from William the Conqueror to Edward I. Written by Michael Clanchy, an esteemed scholar of the medieval period, the text remains an engaging and clear discussion of key political, economic, social, and cultural issues. This edition includes a new chapter on family and gender roles, revisions throughout to enhance the narrative flow, and further reading sections containing the most up-to-date sources. The author illustrates key themes with lively, pertinent examples and important primary sources. With broad coverage of indispensable topics, this fourth edition of England and Its Rulers brings medieval England alive for a new generation of students and scholars.
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