Data AnalysisWhat Can Be Learned From the Past 50 Years
Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics, Band 874 1. Aufl.
This book explores the many provocative questions concerning the fundamentals of data analysis. It is based on the time-tested experience of one of the gurus of the subject matter. Why should one study data analysis? How should it be taught? What techniques work best, and for whom? How valid are the results? How much data should be tested? Which machine languages should be used, if used at all? Emphasis on apprenticeship (through hands-on case studies) and anecdotes (through real-life applications) are the tools that Peter J. Huber uses in this volume. Concern with specific statistical techniques is not of immediate value; rather, questions of strategy – when to use which technique – are employed. Central to the discussion is an understanding of the significance of massive (or robust) data sets, the implementation of languages, and the use of models. Each is sprinkled with an ample number of examples and case studies. Personal practices, various pitfalls, and existing controversies are presented when applicable. The book serves as an excellent philosophical and historical companion to any present-day text in data analysis, robust statistics, data mining, statistical learning, or computational statistics.
Preface. 1 What is Data Analysis? 1.1 Tukey's 1962 paper. 1.2 The Path of Statistics. 2 Strategy Issues in Data Analysis. 2.1 Strategy in Data Analysis. 2.2 Philosophical issues. 2.3 Issues of size. 2.4 Strategic planning. 2.5 The stages of data analysis. 2.6 Tools required for strategy reasons. 3 Massive Data Sets. 3.1 Introduction. 3.2 Disclosure: Personal experiences. 3.3 What is i massive? A classification of size. 3.4 Obstacles to scaling. 3.5 On the structure of large data sets. 3.6 Data base management and related issues. 3.7 The stages of a data analysis. 3.8 Examples and some thoughts on strategy. 3.9 Volume reduction. 3.10 Supercomputers and software challenges. 3.11 Summary of conclusions. 4 Languages for Data Analysis. 4.1 Goals and purposes. 4.2 Natural languages and computing languages. 4.3 Interface issues. 4.4 Miscellaneous issues. 4.5 Requirements for a general purpose immediate language. 5 Approximate Models. 5.1 Models. 5.2 Bayesian modeling. 5.3 Mathematical statistics and approximate models. 5.4 Statistical significance and physical relevance. 5.5 Judicious use of a wrong model. 5.6 Composite models. 5.7 Modeling the length of day. 5.8 The role of simulation. 5.9 Summary of conclusions. 6 Pitfalls. 6.1 Simpson's paradox. 6.2 Missing data. 6.3 Regression of Y on X or of X on Y. 7 Create order in data. 7.1 General considerations. 7.2 Principal component methods. 7.3 Multidimensional scaling. 7.4 Correspondence analysis. 7.5 Multidimensional scaling vs. Correspondence analysis. 8 More case studies. 8.1 A nutshell example. 8.2 Shape invariant modeling. 8.3 Comparison of point configurations. 8.4 Notes on numerical optimization. References. Index.
Peter J. Huber, PhD, is a world-renowned statistician who has published four books and more than seventy journal articles in the areas of statistics and data analysis. He has held academic positions at Harvard University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cornell University, and ETH Zurich (Switzerland), and has made significant research contributions in the areas of robust statistics, computational statistics, and strategies in data analysis. A Fellow of the Institute of Mathematical Statistics and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Dr. Huber is the coauthor of Robust Statistics, Second Edition, also published by Wiley.
A comprehensive overview of statistical data analysis research, featuring real-world case studies and applications How should data analysis be taught? How valid are the results? How should one deal with inhomogeneous data? What kinds of computing languages should be used, if used at all? These are but a few of the many challenging questions surrounding the fundamentals of data analysis. Data Analysis: What Can Be Learned from the Past 50 Years explores the historical and philosophical implications inherent in any study of statistical data analysis. This book addresses the needs of researchers who are working with larger, complicated data sets by offering an understanding of the significance of robust data sets, the implementation of software languages, and the use of models. Rather than focus on specific procedures, this book concentrates on general insights that can be drawn from data analysis research. The author utilizes case studies to explore the impact of technological advances on data analysis techniques and other thought-provoking issues, including: Homogeneous, unstructured data Statistical pitfalls Singular value decomposition Nonlinear weighted least squares Simulation of stochastic models Scatter- and curve-plots With plentiful examples that showcase best practices for working with challenges in the field, Data Analysis is an excellent supplement for courses on data analysis, robust statistics, data mining, and computational statistics at the upper-undergraduate and graduate levels. It is also a valuable reference for applied statisticians working in the fields of business, engineering, and the life and health sciences.
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