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Climate Change and Plant Abiotic Stress Tolerance


Climate Change and Plant Abiotic Stress Tolerance


1. Aufl.

von: Narendra Tuteja, Sarvajeet S. Gill

349,00 €

Verlag: Wiley-Blackwell
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 30.10.2013
ISBN/EAN: 9783527675234
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 1208

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Beschreibungen

In this ready reference, a global team of experts comprehensively cover molecular and cell biology-based approaches to the impact of increasing global temperatures on crop productivity. The work is divided into four parts. Following an introduction to the general challenges for agriculture around the globe due to climate change, part two discusses how the resulting increase of abiotic stress factors can be dealt with. The third part then outlines the different strategies and approaches to address the challenge of climate change, and the whole is rounded off by a number of specific examples of improvements to crop productivity. With its forward-looking focus on solutions, this book is an indispensable help for the agro-industry, policy makers and academia.
Preface XXIX List of Contributors XXXIII Part One Climate Change 1 1 Climate Change: Challenges for Future Crop Adjustments 3 Jerry L. Hatfield 1.1 Introduction 3 1.2 Climate Change 4 1.3 Crop Responses to Climate Change 7 1.4 Water Responses 11 1.5 Major Challenges 17 1.6 Grand Challenge 19 References 19 2 Developing Robust Crop Plants for Sustaining Growth and Yield Under Adverse Climatic Changes 27 Vijaya Shukla and Autar K. Mattoo 2.1 Introduction 27 2.2 Elevated Temperature and Plant Response 29 2.3 Elevated CO2 Levels and Plant Response 30 2.4 Genetic Engineering Intervention to Build Crop Plants for Combating Harsh Environments 30 2.5 Other Protein Respondents 39 2.6 Conclusions 43 References 44 3 Climate Change and Abiotic Stress Management in India 57 R.B. Singh 3.1 Introduction 57 3.2 Impact of Climate Change and Associated Abiotic Stresses on Agriculture 59 3.3 CSA: Technologies and Strategies 63 3.4 National Initiative on Climate Resilient Agriculture 67 3.5 Policy and Institutions 72 3.6 Partnership 75 References 77 Part Two Abiotic Stress Tolerance and Climate Change 79 4 Plant Environmental Stress Responses for Survival and Biomass Enhancement 81 Yuriko Osakabe, Keishi Osakabe, and Kazuo Shinozaki 4.1 Introduction 81 4.2 Stomatal Responses in the Control of Plant Productivity 82 4.3 Signaling and Transcriptional Control in Water Stress Tolerance 87 4.4 Protection Mechanisms of Photosynthesis During Water Stress 92 4.5 Metabolic Adjustment During Water Stress 94 4.6 Future Perspective 96 References 97 5 Heat Stress and Roots 109 Scott A. Heckathorn, Anju Giri, Sasmita Mishra, and Deepesh Bista 5.1 Roots, Heat Stress, and Global Warming: An Overview of the Problem 109 5.2 Effects of Heat Stress on Root Growth and Root versus Shoot Mass and Function 111 5.3 Interactions Between Heat Stress and Other Global Environmental-Change Factors on Roots 126 5.4 Heat Stress and Root–Soil Interactions 128 5.5 Summary: Synthesizing What We Know and Predict into a Conceptual Model of Heat Effects on Roots and Plant–Soil Links 129 References 131 6 Role of Nitrosative Signaling in Response to Changing Climates 137 Panagiota Filippou, Chrystalla Antoniou, and Vasileios Fotopoulos 6.1 Introduction 137 6.2 Salinity 138 6.3 Drought 142 6.4 Heavy Metals 146 6.5 Heat Stress 148 6.6 Chilling/Freezing/Low Temperature 150 6.7 Anoxia/Hypoxia 151 6.8 Conclusions 153 References 153 7 Current Concepts about Salinity and Salinity Tolerance in Plants 163 Aským Hediye Sekmen, Melike Bor, Filiz Ozdemir, and Ismail Turkan 7.1 Introduction 163 7.2 What is Salt Stress? 164 7.3 Effects: Primary and Secondary 172 7.4 Conclusion 178 References 178 8 Salinity Tolerance of Avicennia officinalis L. (Acanthaceae) from Gujarat Coasts of India 189 Ashish Dahyabhai Patel, Kishor Lalcheta, Sarvajeet Singh Gill, and Narendra Tuteja 8.1 Introduction 189 8.2 Materials and Methods 191 8.3 Results 195 8.4 Discussion 200 References 203 9 Drought Stress Responses in Plants, Oxidative Stress, and Antioxidant Defense 209 Mirza Hasanuzzaman, Kamrun Nahar, Sarvajeet Singh Gill, and Masayuki Fujita 9.1 Introduction 210 9.2 Plant Response to Drought Stress 211 9.3 Drought and Oxidative Stress 229 9.4 Antioxidant Defense System in Plants Under Drought Stress 232 9.5 Conclusion and Future Perspectives 236 References 237 10 Plant Adaptation to Abiotic and Genotoxic Stress: Relevance to Climate Change and Evolution 251 Brahma B. Panda, V. Mohan M. Achary, Srikrishna Mahanty, and Kamal K. Panda 10.1 Introduction 251 10.2 Plant Responses to Abiotic Stress 252 10.3 ROS Induce Genotoxic Stress 256 10.4 Adaptive Responses to Oxidative Stress 257 10.5 Transgenic Adaptation to Oxidative Stress 260 10.6 Adaptive Response to Genotoxic Stress 260 10.7 Role of MAPK and Calcium Signaling in Genotoxic Adaptation 267 10.8 Role of DNA Damage Response in Genotoxic Adaptation 269 10.9 Epigenetics of Genotoxic Stress Tolerance 272 10.10 Transgenerational Inheritance and Adaptive Evolution Driven by the Environment 274 10.11 Concluding Remarks 278 References 278 11 UV-B Perception in Plant Roots 295 Ken Yokawa and Franti9sek Balu9ska 11.1 Introduction 295 11.2 Effect of UV-B on Plants 296 11.3 Land Plant Evolution was Shaped via Ancient Ozone Depletion 301 References 302 12 Improving the Plant Root System Architecture to Combat Abiotic Stresses Incurred as a Result of Global Climate Changes 305 Ananda K. Sarkar, Karthikeyan Mayandi, Vibhav Gautam, Suvakanta Barik, and Shabari Sarkar Das 12.1 Introduction 305 12.2 RSA and its Basic Determinants 306 12.3 Breeding Approaches to Improve RSA and Abiotic Stress Tolerance 308 12.4 Genomic Approaches to Identify Regulators of RSA Associated with Abiotic Stress Tolerance 311 12.5 Transgenic Approaches to Improve RSA for Abiotic Stress Tolerance 313 12.6 Use of Polyamines and Osmotic Regulators in Stress-Induced Modulation of RSA 314 12.7 Hormonal Regulation of Root Architecture and Abiotic Stress Response 315 12.8 Small RNA-Mediated Regulation of RSA and Abiotic Stress Response 317 12.9 Application of Phenomics in Understanding Stress-Associated RSA 319 12.10 Conclusion and Future Perspectives 320 References 321 13 Activation of the Jasmonate Biosynthesis Pathway in Roots in Drought Stress 325 Palmiro Poltronieri, Marco Taurino, Stefania De Domenico, Stefania Bonsegna, and Angelo Santino 13.1 Background and Introduction 325 13.2 Plant Growth Factors: Key Role in Biotic and Abiotic Stress Signaling 326 13.3 Jasmonate Biosynthesis Pathway 328 13.4 Roots as the Primary Organ Sensing the Soil Environment 330 13.5 Symbiotic Microorganisms Affect Root Growth and Plant Performance 331 13.6 Symbiotic Organisms Alleviate and Improve Abiotic Stress Tolerance of Host Plants 332 13.7 Role of Jasmonates in Roots 333 13.8 Jasmonic Acid Signal Transduction in Roots and Jasmonic Acid Involvement in Abiotic Stress Response 333 13.9 Jasmonate in Root Response to Abiotic Stresses: Model Legumes and Chickpea Tolerant Varieties Showing Differential Transcript Expression During Salt and Drought Stress 334 13.10 Role of Transcription Factors and MicroRNAs in the Regulation of Jasmonic Acid Signaling 336 13.11 Conclusion 338 References 338 Part Three Approaches for Climate Change Mitigation 343 14 Can Carbon in Bioenergy Crops Mitigate Global Climate Change? 345 Abdullah A. Jaradat 14.1 Introduction 345 14.2 The Many Faces of Carbon 348 14.3 Are Bioenergy Crops Carbon-Neutral? 352 14.4 Recalcitrant Carbon in Bioenergy Crops 354 14.5 Climate Change Mitigation Potential of Bioenergy Crops 355 14.6 Carbon in Bioenergy Crops 361 14.7 Genetic Improvement of Bioenergy Crops 369 14.8 Carbon Management in Bioenergy Crops 374 14.9 Carbon Quality in Bioenergy Crops 383 14.10 Life Cycle Assessment 385 14.11 Ecosystem Services of Carbon in Bioenergy Crops 387 14.12 Eco-Physiology and Carbon Sequestration 389 14.13 Climate Ethics and Carbon in Bioenergy Crops 391 14.14 Synthesis of Research Needs and Priorities 398 14.15 Conclusions 403 References 405 15 Adaptation and Mitigation Strategies of Plant Under Drought and High-Temperature Stress 421 Pasala Ratna Kumar, Susheel Kumar Raina, Satish Kumar, Kiran P. Bhagat, Yogeshwar Singh, and Santanu Kumar Bal 15.1 Background and Introduction 421 15.2 Plant Molecular Adaptation and Strategies Under Drought Stress 422 15.3 Plant Adaptation and Mitigation Strategies for Heat Stress Tolerance 427 15.4 Conclusions 433 References 433 16 Emerging Strategies to Face Challenges Imposed by Climate Change and Abiotic Stresses in Wheat 437 Bharti Garg, Shreelekha Misra, and Narendra Tuteja 16.1 Introduction 437 16.2 Physiological and Molecular Adaptive Strategies in Wheat 438 16.3 Drought Tolerance 440 16.4 Salinity Tolerance 444 16.5 Heat Tolerance 445 16.6 Cold Tolerance 447 16.7 Functional and Comparative Genomics Approaches for Wheat Improvement 449 16.8 Conclusion and Future Perspectives 450 References 452 17 Protein Structure–Function Paradigm in Plant Stress Tolerance 459 Harshesh Bhatt, Anil Kumar, and Neel Sarovar Bhavesh 17.1 Introduction 459 17.2 Plant Signaling Machinery 460 17.3 Proteins Involved in Metabolic Regulation 465 17.4 Stabilization of Proteins and RNAs 469 17.5 Antifreeze Proteins 472 17.6 Disordered Stress Proteins 473 17.7 Summary 473 References 474 18 Abiotic Stress-Responsive Small RNA-Mediated Plant Improvement Under a Changing Climate 481 Basel Khraiwesh and Enas Qudeimat 18.1 Introduction 481 18.2 Classes of Small RNAs 483 18.3 Artificial miRNAs 494 18.4 Stress–miRNA Networks for Adapting to Climate Change 494 18.5 Application of Small RNA-Mediated Suppression Approaches for Plant Improvement Under a Changing Climate 497 18.6 Conclusions and Outlook 499 Note 500 References 500 19 Impact of Climate Change on MicroRNA Expression in Plants 507 Vallabhi Ghorecha, N.S.R. Krishnayya, and Ramanjulu Sunkar 19.1 Introduction 507 19.2 Small Non-Coding RNAs in Plants 508 19.3 Biogenesis and Function of miRNAs in Plants 509 19.4 Heat Stress 511 19.5 Drought 513 19.6 UV-B Radiation 514 19.7 Ozone 515 19.8 Conclusions and Future Directions 515 References 517 20 Role of Abscisic Acid Signaling in Drought Tolerance and Preharvest Sprouting Under Climate Change 521 Yasunari Fujita, Kazuo Nakashima, Takuya Yoshida, Miki Fujita, Kazuo Shinozaki, and Kazuko Yamaguchi-Shinozaki 20.1 Introduction 521 20.2 Major ABA Signaling Components in Response to Cellular Dehydration 522 20.3 ABA-Mediated Gene Expression in Seed Dormancy 532 20.4 Role of ABA in Plant Adaptation to Land and Environmental Changes 536 20.5 Potential Application of ABA Signaling Components to Improve Crop Productivity Under Climate Change 537 20.6 Future Perspectives 538 References 541 21 Regulatory Role of Transcription Factors in Abiotic Stress Responses in Plants 555 Dumbala Srinivas Reddy, Pooja Bhatnagar Mathur, and K.K.Sharma 21.1 Introduction 555 21.2 bZIP Proteins 557 21.3 MYB-Like Proteins 557 21.4 MYC-Like bHLH Proteins 558 21.5 HD-ZIP Proteins 561 21.6 AP2/EREBP Domain Proteins 562 21.7 DREB Subfamily 562 21.8 CBF/DREB Genes from Arabidopsis 564 21.9 CBF/DREB Regulation in Arabidopsis 565 21.10 DREB1A-Targeted Genes 571 21.11 Overexpression of DREB Genes in Plant Species 572 21.12 Conclusion 577 References 577 22 Transcription Factors: Modulating Plant Adaption in the Scenario of Changing Climate 589 Swati Puranik and Manoj Prasad 22.1 Catastrophes of the Changing Climate 589 22.2 Molecular Reprogramming Events Mitigate Environmental Constraints 590 22.3 Classification of Transcription Factors 592 22.4 Conclusion and Future Perspectives 597 References 597 23 Role of Transcription Factors in Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Crop Plants 605 Neelam R. Yadav, Jyoti Taunk, Asha Rani, Bharti Aneja, and Ram C. Yadav 23.1 Introduction 606 23.2 AP2/ERF Regulon 607 23.3 CBF/DREB Regulon 609 23.4 NAC Regulon 611 23.5 ZF-HD Regulon 614 23.6 MYB/MYC Regulon 615 23.7 AREB/ABF Regulon 621 23.8 Transcription Factor WRKY 624 23.9 Conclusions 626 References 627 24 Coping with Drought and Salinity Stresses: Role of Transcription Factors in Crop Improvement 641 Karina F. Ribichich, Agustín L. Arce, and Raquel Lía Chan 24.1 Transcription Factors: A Historical Perspective 641 24.2 Plant Transcription Factor Families Implicated in Drought and Salinity 644 24.3 Crop Domestication: Examples of the Major Role of Transcription Factors 654 24.4 Drought and Salinity: From Perception to Gene Expression 657 24.5 Transcription Factor Gene Discovery in Stress Responses 663 24.6 The Long and Winding Road to Crop Improvement 665 References 672 25 Role of Naþ/Hþ Antiporters in Naþ Homeostasis in Halophytic Plants 685 Pradeep K. Agarwal, Narendra Singh Yadav, and Bhavanath Jha 25.1 Introduction 685 25.2 Tissue-Specific Adaptation of Halophytes 687 25.3 Ion Transporters 690 25.4 Conclusion and Perspectives 697 References 698 26 Role of Plant Metabolites in Abiotic Stress Tolerance Under Changing Climatic Conditions with Special Reference to Secondary Compounds 705 Akula Ramakrishna and G.A. Ravishankar 26.1 Introduction: Plant Secondary Metabolites 705 26.2 Climate Change 706 26.3 Role of Secondary Metabolites Under Changing Climatic Conditions 706 26.4 Role of Signaling Molecules During Abiotic Stress 711 26.5 Role of Secondary Metabolites in Drought, Salt, Temperature, Cold, and Chilling Stress 713 26.6 Conclusion 716 References 716 27 Metabolome Analyses for Understanding Abiotic Stress Responses in Plants to Evolve Management Strategies 727 Usha Chakraborty, Bhumika Pradhan, and Rohini Lama 27.1 Introduction 728 27.2 Metabolite Changes During Abiotic Stresses 729 27.3 Stress Hormones 736 27.4 Antioxidants 739 27.5 Stress Proteins and Protein Kinases 740 27.6 Stress-Responsive Gene Expression 741 27.7 Role of MicroRNAs in Abiotic Stress 742 27.8 Conclusion 743 References 744 28 Metabolomic Approaches for Improving Crops Under Adverse Conditions 755 Prabodh Kumar Trivedi, Nehal Akhtar, Parul Gupta, and Pravendra Nath 28.1 Introduction 755 28.2 Different Approaches to Study Metabolomics 756 28.3 Plant Metabolome Alterations During Adverse Conditions 757 28.4 Genetic Engineering for Metabolite Modulation for Stress Tolerance 770 References 774 29 Improvement of Cereal Crops through Androgenesis and Transgenic Approaches for Abiotic Stress Tolerance to Mitigate the Challenges of Climate Change in Sustainable Agriculture 785 S.M. Shahinul Islam, Israt Ara, and Narendra Tuteja 29.1 Background 786 29.2 Androgenesis for Crop Improvement 787 29.3 Concluding Remarks 804 References 805 30 Bioprospection of Weed Species for Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Crop Plants Under a Climate Change Scenario: Finding the Gold Buried within Weed Species 815 Meenal Rathore, Raghwendra Singh, and Bhumesh Kumar 30.1 Introduction 815 30.2 Climate Change and Agriculture 816 30.3 Weeds as a Source of Genetic Materials for Abiotic Stress Tolerance 820 30.4 Conclusion 830 References 830 Part Four Crop Improvement Under Climate Change 837 31 Climate Change and Heat Stress Tolerance in Chickpea 839 Pooran M. Gaur, Aravind K. Jukanti, Srinivasan Samineni, Sushil K. Chaturvedi, Partha S. Basu, Anita Babbar, Veera Jayalakshmi, Harsh Nayyar, Viola Devasirvatham, Nalini Mallikarjuna, Laxmanan Krishnamurthy, and C.L. Laxmipathi Gowda 31.1 Introduction 840 31.2 Effect of Heat Stress on Chickpea 842 31.3 Screening Techniques for Heat Tolerance 844 31.4 Physiological Mechanisms Underlying Heat Tolerance 846 31.5 Genetic Variability for Heat Tolerance 847 31.6 Breeding Strategies for Heat Tolerance 848 References 850 32 Micropropagation of Aloe vera for Improvement and Enhanced Productivity 857 Narpat S. Shekhawat, Mangal S. Rathore, Smita Shekhawat, Sumitra K. Choudhary, Mahendra Phulwaria, Harish, Manoj K. Rai, J.B. Vibha, Nitika S. Rathore, A.K. Patel, and Vinod Kataria 32.1 Introduction 858 32.2 Aloe as a Plant Resource of Dry Habitats 860 32.3 Aloe Biology 863 32.4 Genetic Resources and Biodiversity of Aloe 864 32.5 Biotechnology for Characterization, Conservation, Improvement, and Productivity Enhancement of Aloe 865 32.6 Cloning and Mass Propagation of Aloe Through Tissue Culture 866 32.7 Cloning of A. vera (Ghee-Kanwar/Gwar-Patha) 868 32.8 Conclusions 873 References 874 33 Climate Change and Organic Carbon Storage in Bangladesh Forests 881 Mohammed Alamgir and Stephen M. Turton 33.1 Introduction 882 33.2 Forests in Bangladesh: A General Overview 883 33.3 Climate Change Scenarios in Bangladesh 887 33.4 Trends of Organic Carbon Storage in Different Forest Types 889 33.5 Abiotic Stress Tolerance of Trees of Different Forest Types 892 33.6 Likely Impacts of Climate Change on Organic Carbon Storage in Forests 894 33.7 Question of Sustainability of Organic Carbon Storage 896 33.8 Conclusion 899 References 899 34 Divergent Strategies to Cope with Climate Change in Himalayan Plants 903 Sanjay Kumar 34.1 Why Himalaya? 903 34.2 Climate Change is Occurring in Himalaya 907 34.3 Plant Response to Climate Change Parameters in Himalayan Flora 908 34.4 Impact on Secondary Metabolism Under the Climate Change Scenario 919 34.5 Path Forward 924 References 926 35 In Vitro Culture of Plants from Arid Environments 933 Harchand R. Dagla, Shari Nair, Deepak K. Vyas, and Juleri M. Upendra 35.1 Introduction 933 35.2 Materials and Methods: Establishment of In Vitro Cultures 936 35.3 Results and Discussion 936 References 938 36 Salicylic Acid: A Novel Plant Growth Regulator – Role in Physiological Processes and Abiotic Stresses Under Changing Environments 939 Pushp Sharma 36.1 Introduction 940 36.2 Metabolic and Biosynthetic Pathways 940 36.3 Signaling and Transport 941 36.4 Salicylic Acid-Regulated Physiological Processes 942 36.5 Growth and Productivity 945 36.6 Flowering 950 36.7 Photosynthesis and Plant–Water Relations 952 36.8 Respiration: Salicylic Acid Regulation of the Alternative Oxidase Pathway 956 36.9 Nitrogen Fixation 957 36.10 Salicylic Acid Regulates Antioxidant Systems 959 36.11 Senescence 960 36.12 Salicylic Acid and Stress Mitigation 963 36.13 Conclusion and Future Strategies 971 References 972 37 Phosphorus Starvation Response in Plants and Opportunities for Crop Improvement 991 Bipin K. Pandey, Poonam Mehra, and Jitender Giri 37.1 Introduction 991 37.2 Phosphate Acquisition from Soil Solution 992 37.3 Sensing of Pi Status in Plants 993 37.4 Local and Systemic Response in Pi Deficiency 995 37.5 Phytohormones Mediate both Local and Systemic Response in Pi Deficiency 1001 37.6 Strategies for Improving Pi-Acquisition Efficiency and Pi-Use Efficiency in Crop Plants 1003 37.7 Conclusions and Future Prospects 1007 References 1008 38 Bacterial Endophytes and their Significance in the Sustainable Production of Food in Non-Legumes 1013 Aparna Raturi, Prasad Gyaneshwar, Sunil K. Singh, Nisha Tak, and Hukam S. Gehlot 38.1 Introduction 1014 38.2 Soil, Microbes, and Plants (Rhizosphere/Rhizodeposition) 1015 38.3 Bacterial Endophytes 1016 38.4 Nitrogen Fixation by Free-Living versus Endophytic Bacteria 1019 38.5 Diazotrophic Bacterial Endophytes 1020 38.6 Non-Legumes (Cereals and Grasses) and Diazotrophic Bacterial Endophytes 1022 38.7 Bacterial Endophytes and Stress Tolerance 1025 38.8 Natural Products from Endophytic Bacteria 1025 38.9 Antagonistic and Synergistic Interactions 1027 38.10 Role in Phytoremediation 1028 38.11 Genomics of Bacterial Endophytes 1029 38.12 Metagenomics of Rhizospheric Microbes to Study Molecular and Functional Diversity 1029 38.13 Concluding Remarks 1031 References 1032 39 Endophytic Fungi for Stress Tolerance 1041 Nutan Kaushik and Vikram Kumar 39.1 What are Endophytes? 1041 39.2 Endophytic Fungi and Stress Tolerance 1042 39.3 Stress Tolerance Mechanisms 1046 39.4 Conclusion 1049 References 1050 40 Polyamines and their Role in Plant Osmotic Stress Tolerance 1053 Kamala Gupta, Abhijit Dey, and Bhaskar Gupta 40.1 Introduction 1053 40.2 Polyamine Metabolism in Plants 1055 40.3 Polyamines and Osmotic Stress Response 1056 40.4 Conclusion 1065 References 1065 Index 1073
Climate Change and Plant Abiotic Stress Tolerance should prove to be an invaluable reference for academic plant biologists as well as agriculturalists and government agencies. (The Quarterly Review of Biology, 2016)  
An elected fellow of numerous academies, Narendra Tuteja is currently a senior scientist at ICGEB, New Delhi, India. He has made significant contributions to crop improvement under adverse conditions, reporting the first helicase from plant and human cells and demonstrating new roles of Ku autoantigen, nucleolin and eIF4A as DNA helicases. Furthermore, he discovered novel functions of helicases, G-proteins, CBL-CIPK and LecRLK in plant stress tolerance, and PLC and MAP-kinase as effectors for G proteins. Narendra Tuteja also reported several high salinity stress tolerant genes from plants and fungi and developed salt/drought tolerant plants.Currently assistant professor at MD University, Rohtak, India, Sarvajeet Singh Gill has made significant contributions to abiotic stress tolerance. Together with Narendra Tuteja he worked on plant helicases and discovered a novel function of plant MCM6 in salinity stress tolerance that will help improve crop production at sub-optimal conditions. A recipient of the Junior Scientist of the Year Award 2008 from the National Environmental Science Academy, Sarvajeet Gill has edited several books and has a number of research papers, review articles, and book chapters to his name.
In this ready reference, a global team of experts comprehensively cover molecular and cell biology-based approaches to the impact of increasing global temperatures on crop productivity. The work is divided into four parts. Following an introduction to the general challenges for agriculture around the globe due to climate change, part two discusses how the resulting increase of abiotic stress factors can be dealt with. The third part then outlines the different strategies and approaches to address the challenge of climate change, and the whole is rounded off by a number of specific examples of improvements to crop productivity. With its forward-looking focus on solutions, this book is an indispensable help for the agro-industry, policy makers and academia.

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