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Ceramics Science and Technology, Volume 2


Ceramics Science and Technology, Volume 2

Materials and Properties
Ceramics Science and Technology (VCH) 1. Aufl.

von: Ralf Riedel, I-Wei Chen

250,99 €

Verlag: Wiley-VCH
Format: EPUB
Veröffentl.: 20.11.2015
ISBN/EAN: 9783527802579
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 888

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Beschreibungen

Although ceramics have been known to mankind literally for millennia, research has never ceased. Apart from the classic uses as a bulk material in pottery, construction, and decoration, the latter half of the twentieth century saw an explosive growth of application fields, such as electrical and thermal insulators, wear-resistant bearings, surface coatings, lightweight armour, or aerospace materials. In addition to plain, hard solids, modern ceramics come in many new guises such as fabrics, ultrathin films, microstructures and hybrid composites. Built on the solid foundations laid down by the 20-volume series Materials Science and Technology, Ceramics Science and Technology picks out this exciting material class and illuminates it from all sides. Materials scientists, engineers, chemists, biochemists, physicists and medical researchers alike will find this work a treasure trove for a wide range of ceramics knowledge from theory and fundamentals to practical approaches and problem solutions.
Preface PART I: Ceramic Material Classes CERAMIC OXIDES Introduction Aluminum Oxide Magnesium Oxide Zinc Oxide Titanium Dioxide Zirconium Oxide Cerium Oxide Yttrium Oxide NITRIDES Silicon Nitride Boron Nitride Aluminum Nitride Titanium Nitride Tantalum Nitride Chromium Nitride Ternary Nitrides Light-Emitting Nitride and Oxynitride Phosphors GALLIUM NITRIDE AND OXONITRIDES Introduction Gallium Nitrides Gallium Oxides Gallium Oxonitrides Outlook SILICON CARBIDE- AND BORON CARBIDE-BASED HARD MATERIALS Introduction Structure and Chemistry Production of Particles and Fibers Dense Ceramic Shapes Properties of Silicon Carbide- and Boron Carbide-Based Materials Applications of Carbides COMPLEX OXYNITRIDES Introduction Principles of Silicon-Based Oxynitride Structures Complex Si-Al-O-N Phases M-Si-Al-O-N Oxynitrides Oxynitride Glasses Oxynitride Glass Ceramics Conclusions PEROVSKITES Introduction Crystal Structure Physical Properties Chemical and Catalytic Properties THE Mn+1AXn PHASES AND THEIR PROPERTIES Introduction Bonding and Structure Elastic Properties Electronic Transport Thermal Properties Mechanical Properties Tribological Properties and Machinability Concluding Remarks PART II: Structures and Properties STRUCTURE-PROPERTY RELATIONS Introduction Self-Reinforced Silicon Nitrides Fibrous Grain-Aligned Silicon Nitrides (Large Grains) Fibrous Grain-Aligned Silicon Nitrides (Small Grains) Grain Boundary Phase Control Fibrous Grain-Aligned Porous Silicon Nitrides DISLOCATIONS IN CERAMICS Introduction The Critical Resolved Shear Stress Crystallography of Slip Dislocations in Particular Oxides Work Hardening Solution Hardening Closing Remarks DEFECT STRUCTURE, NONSTOICHIOMETRY, AND NONSTOICHIOMETRY RELAXATION OF COMPLEX OXIDES Introduction Defect Structure Oxygen Naonstoichiometry Nonstoichiometry Re-Equilibration INTERFACES AND MICROSTRUCTURES IN MATERIALS Introduction Interfaces in Materials Practical Implications Summary and Outlook PART III: Mechanical Properties FRACTURE OF CERAMICS Introduction Appearance of Failure and Typical Failure Modes A Short Overview of Damage Mechanisms Brittle Fracture Probabilistic Aspects of Brittle Fracture Delayed Fracture Concluding Remarks CREEP MECHANISMS IN COMMERICAL GRADES OF SILICON NITRIDE Introduction Material Characterization Discussion of Experimental Data Models of Creep in Silicon Nitride Conclusions FRACTURE RESISTANCE OF CERAMICS Introduction Theory of Fracture Toughened Ceramics Influence of Crack Growth Resistance Curve Upon Failure by Fracture Determination of Fracture Resistance Fatigue Concluding Remarks SUPERPLASTICITY IN CERAMICS: ACCOMMODATION-CONTROLLING MECHANISMS REVISITED Introduction Macroscopic and Microscopic Features of Superplasticity Nature of the Grain Boundaries Accommodation Processes Superplasticity Applications of Superplasticity Future Prospective in the Field PART IV: Thermal, Electrical, and Magnetic Properties THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY Introduction Thermal Conductivity of Dielectric Ceramics High-Thermal Conductivity Nonoxide Ceramics Mechanical Properties of High-Thermal Conductivity Si3N4 Ceramics Concluding Remarks ELECTRICAL CONDUCTION IN NANOSTRUCTURED CERAMICS Introduction Space Charge Layers in Semiconducting Ceramic Materials Effect of Space Charge Profiles on the Observed Conductivity Influence of Nanostructure on Charge Carrier Distributions Case Studies Conclusions and Observations FERROELECTRIC PROPERTIES Introduction Intrinsic Properties: The Anisotrophy of Properties Extrinsic Properties: Hard and Soft Ferroelectrics Textured Ferroelectric Materials Ferroelectricity and Magnetism Fatigue in Ferroelectric Materials MAGNETIC PROPERTIES OF TRANSITION-METAL OXIDES: FROM BULK TO NANO Introduction Properties of Transition Metal 3d Orbitals Iron Oxides Ferrites Chromium Dioxide Manganese Oxide Phases Concluding Remarks
“Materials scientists, engineers, chemists, biochemists, physicists and medical researchers alike will find this work a treasure trove for a wide range of ceramics knowledge from theory and fundamentals to practical approaches and problem solutions.” (International Journal Microstructure & Materials Properties, 1 October 2011)
Ralf Riedel has been a professor at the Institute of Materials Science of Darmstadt University of Technology since 1993. He received his degree in chemistry in 1984, followed by two years of dissertation work with Professor Ekkehard Fluck at the University of Stuttgart. After postdoctoral research at the Max-Planck Institute for Metals Research and the Institute of Inorganic Chemistry at the University of Stuttgart, he gained his lecturing qualification in the field of inorganic chemistry in 1992. He is a member of the World Academy of Ceramics and Guest Professor at the Jiangsu University in Zhenjiang, China, a Fellow of the American Ceramic Society and a recipient of the Dionyz Stur Gold Medal for merits in natural sciences. In 2006 he received an honorary doctorate from the Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovakia. Professor Riedel has published more than 300 papers and patents and is widely known for his research in the field of polymer derived ceramics and on ultra high pressure synthesis of new materials. I-Wei Chen is currently Skirkanich Professor of Materials Innovation at the University of Pennsylvania since 1997, where he also gained his master's degree in 1975. He received his bachelor's degree in physics from Tsinghua University, Taiwan, in 1972, and earned his doctorate in metallurgy from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1980. He taught at the University of Michigan (Materials) during 1986-1997 and MIT (Nuclear Engineering; Materials) during 1980-1986. He began ceramic research studying martensitic transformations in zirconia nano crystals, which led to work on transformation plasticity, superplasticity, fatigue, grain growth and sintering in various oxides and nitrides. He is currently interested in nanotechnology of ferroelectrics, thin film memory devices, and nano particles for biomedical applications. A Fellow of American Ceramic Society (1991) and recipient of its Ross Coffin Purdy Award (1994), Edward C. Henry Award (1999) and Sosman Award (2006), he authored over 90 papers in the Journal of the American Ceramic Society (1986-2006). He also received Humboldt Research Award for Senior U.S. Scientists (1997).
Although ceramics have been known to mankind literally for millennia, research has never ceased. Apart from the classic uses as a bulk material in pottery, construction, and decoration, the latter half of the twentieth century saw an explosive growth of application fields, such as electrical and thermal insulators, wear-resistant bearings, surface coatings, lightweight armour, or aerospace materials. In addition to plain, hard solids, modern ceramics come in many new guises such as fabrics, ultrathin films, microstructures and hybrid composites. Built on the solid foundations laid down by the 20-volume series Materials Science and Technology, Ceramics Science and Technology picks out this exciting material class and illuminates it from all sides. Materials scientists, engineers, chemists, biochemists, physicists and medical researchers alike will find this work a treasure trove for a wide range of ceramics knowledge from theory and fundamentals to practical approaches and problem solutions.

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