How can the same grapes make two different wines? Can you tell what a wine tastes like by reading the label? By understanding wine, you can drink better wine. In grocery stores, liquor stores, and at the vineyard, the key to picking a tasty wine is knowing how the wine was made—not by looking at the price. Even the glass you drink wine out of can enhance the experience. With some basic guidance, being a wine connoisseur is as easy as knowing what you like. Canadian Wine For Dummies is for everyone from beginning wine drinkers who need a friendly primer on wine to experienced wine tasters who want a thorough introduction to the diverse variety of wines produced in Canadian. This is the perfect guide if you’re interested in: Entertaining at home Collecting wine Cooking with wine Touring Canadian vineyards Impressing your friends Explore all the factors that influence a wine 212;from the soil the grapes grow in to the winemaking process—and understand how to decipher this information from the label. Navigate any restaurant’s wine list and order the best tasting and priced bottle. Serve the perfect wine to complement the food your serving. This friendly guide helps you do these things and more: Introduce your friends to Icewine Happily marry food and wine at your wedding Purchase wine online from private shops Properly taste and describe any wine Organize wine tastings Know when to send back a bottle of wine Tired of relying on other people’s wine choices? Want to discover a vast country of delicious wines? There are many, many reasons to explore the world of Canadian wines. No matter what the reason, the experience you take away from delving into the savory world of Canadian wines will make itself useful the rest of your life.
Introduction How to Use This Book Part I: What Is Wine? Part II: Appreciating Wine Part III: Enjoying Wine Part IV: Wine and Food Part V: Wineries across Canada Part VI: The Part of Tens Part VII: Appendixes Icons Used in This Book Part I: What Is Wine? Chapter 1: What Makes a Wine Understanding What Wine Is Winemaking Basics The importance of air The grape's goodness A fascination for thousands of years A widespread appeal An astonishing array of colours and sizes A knockout combination: Sugar and acid Setting the Standards Canada's designated viticultural areas VQA regulations Chapter 2: Wine in Its Elements Breaking It Down: Wine's Key Ingredients Where's the fruit? What's so good about acid? What's the degree of alcohol? What use are tannins? What's this fifth element of wine? Deciphering a Canadian Wine Label Chapter 3: Getting to Know Your Berry Looking Closely at the Grape Life Preservers for Wine: Tannins to the Rescue! Contrasting Reds and Whites Macerating makes the difference White wines don't macerate Drinking red wine in its youth Exploring the Variety of the Grape World Labelling for Variety Chapter 4: In the Vineyard All Grapes Are Not Created Equal Where Wine Grapes Grow— And How! Why vines should struggle How grapes get sweet The cool connection A History of Mediocrity A Year in a Canadian Vineyard Weathering the Vintage Frost warnings Singing in the sunshine Crying in the rain Harsh lessons The Education Advantage Part II: Appreciating Wine Chapter 5: Sensing Good Wine Visual Basics Judging colour Looking at whites Seeing red Checking out those legs! Sending wines back: Five unsightly reasons to do so Nuancing the Nose Getting swirling again (it's worth it) Finding the right partners Smelling something fishy: Avoiding bad wine days Bottle stink and other problems Oxidation Corkiness More stinky reasons for sending wines back Chapter 6: Pleasing Your Palate Getting to Know Your Tongue Putting Your Palate to the Test Comparing whites That glowing colour Those revealing legs The nose knows The proving of your palate Comparing reds Chapter 7: Judging the Good, the Bad, and the Ugly Describing How Wines Taste Scoring Wine by Number Your basic tasting sheet The write words Appearance Bouquet Taste Chapter 8: Sharing Good Taste Organizing a Tasting Striking the right mood Setting the scene Tasting in Private Intimate encounters Crowd scenes Dinner parties Tasting in Public Cruising the best wines Getting the right answers Part III: Enjoying Wine Chapter 9: Wine in Restaurants Getting to Know the House Wine Reading a Wine List Pick the perfect wine Remember weight and acidity Weight Acidity Consider how it's cooked Ordering Wine Sending Wine Back Real-Life Wine Experiences The wrong way The right way Wines for Vegetarians White Wine as an Aperitif Chapter 10: At Home with Wine Wine Buyer Beware Bringing Home the Wine Handling reds Handling whites and roses Cork Procedures Choosing a corkscrew Uncorking the bottle After you've opened the bottle To air is divine What a Difference a Glass Makes A glass for red A glass for white A glass for champagne and sparkling wine Chapter 11: Buying for Keeping Storing Your Wines Choosing the Best Cellar Site No basement? No worries! Setting up your cellar Cataloguing Your Wines Collecting a Canadian Cellar 24 bottles of wine on your wall Preparing for future consumption Buying Wine in Canada The liquor monopolies Catalogue shopping Private orders Personal importation Privatized wine shops Auctions Independent wine stores The Internet Purchasing wine on-line from Ontario wineries Purchasing wine on-line from B.C. wineries Purchasing wine on-line from wine agents Purchasing wine on-line from your provincial liquor board Part IV: Wine and Food Chapter 12: The Marriage of Wine and Food Planning a Wine and Food Wedding Grape Expectations Chardonnay Chenin Blanc Gewurztraminer Icewine Muscat Pinot Blanc Pinot Gris Riesling Sauvignon Blanc Cabernet Franc Cabernet Sauvignon Gamay Merlot Nebbiolo Pinot Noir Sangiovese Syrah/Shiraz Tempranillo Zinfandel Don't Forget the Fortifieds Sherry: Any Palomino is a pal of mine Port: Overturning the tradition Ruby ports (bottle-aged) Tawny ports (cask-aged) Chapter 13: Wine and Cheese The Perfect Match Types of cheese How cheese is made Classifying Cheeses Matching Canadian Wines and Cheeses Matching International Wines and Cheeses Chapter 14: Planning Your Wine Matches Zeroing In On the Right Wine Asking Two Easy Questions Matching Dish by Dish Matching wine and soup Matching wine and fish Matching wine and beef Matching wine and pork Matching wine and lamb Life Is Short: Start with Dessert Facing Up to the Big No-No: Wine and Chocolate What about Nuts? Chapter 15: Cooking with Wine Why Cook with Wine? What Wine to Use in the Kitchen Where to start How much wine to use Going Back to (Cooking) School The Wine Country Cooking School at Strewn The Cooking School at Hainle Vineyards Chapter 16: Icewine: Canada's Icing on the Cake What Exactly Is Icewine? Where Icewine comes from How Icewine is made Canadian Content: Icewine in Canada The Vidal grape The Riesling grape The parade of awards Savouring Icewine Matching Icewine with food Laying down Icewine Part V: Wineries across Canada Chapter 17: The Origins of Canadian Wine The First 700 Years: 1000 to 1700 Jacques Cartier and the French tradition: 1535 Crossbred resistance and the American influence: 1619 Potential in Ontario: 1800 to 1866 First international recognition Niagara developments Ontario's Potential Realized: 1866 to 1900 Temperance in a teacup The birth of the liquor boards Post-Prohibition days A Brights spot during the Depression Changing styles in the postwar years The daffy world of Baby Duck The invasion of the imports Beginnings in British Columbia: 1920 Tried, tested, and true An apple a day couldn't keep creditors at bay Winds of change With a little help from the legislature Quebec's Story begins in 1870 Experimentation in Nova Scotia: 1913 Chapter 18: Ontario Wineries Between a Rock and a Wet Place Niagara Bench Wineries Mainly on the Plain Niagara-on-the-Lake Wineries Canada's Deep South Lake Erie North Shore Wineries Urban Corkfitters Toronto (GTA) and North of Toronto Wineries Chapter 19: British Columbia Wineries North of the Border, Down Okanagan Way Okanagan Valley Wineries Over the Hill, Not Too Far Away Similameen Valley Wineries A Gentle Style of Wine Greater Vancouver and Fraser Valley Wineries New Kids on the Block Vancouver Island Wineries Chapter 20: Quebec and Atlantic Province Wineries Quebec Wineries: And They Said It Couldn't Be Done! Eastern Townships Wineries Monteregie Wineries Quebec City and Other Wineries Atlantic Province Wineries: Not a Fish Story Annapolis Valley Wineries Chapter 21: Fruit Wineries A Fruity Phenomenon Which Fruit Where Ontario Fruit Wineries British Columbia Fruit Wineries Nova Scotia Fruit Wineries Part VI: The Part of Tens Chapter 22: Ten Frequently Asked Questions About Wine Where Do I Start If I Want to Get into Wine? Why Are Some Wines More Deeply Coloured Than Others? What is a vintage wine? What Wine Should I Bring to a Dinner Party? How Can I Tell When Wine Is Ready to Drink? How Can I Tell When a Wine is "Off"? How Long Can I Keep a Bottle of Wine after I Opened It? Why Do I React Badly When I Drink a Certain Wine? Which Region of Canada Produces the Best Wines? How Do Canadian Wines Compare to Those of Other Countries? Chapter 23: Ten Ontario Winemakers to Watch Marcus Ansems: Creekside Estate Winery and Habitant Vineyards, N.S. Derek Barnett: Southbrook Farm & Winery Pierre-Jean Bosc: Chateau des Charmes Ray Cornell: Hernder Estates Winery Philip Dowell: Inniskillin Wines Ron Giesbrecht: Henry of Pelham Family Estate Winery J-L Groux: Hillebrand Estates Winery Brian Schmidt: Vineland Estates Ann Sperling: Malivoire Wine Company Jim Warren: Daniel Lenko Estate Winery and Nesher Wines Chapter 24: Ten British Columbia Winemakers to Watch Olivier Combret: Domaine Combret Roger Dosman: Alderlea Vineyards Bill Dyer: Burrowing Owl Vineyards Ian Mavety: Blue Mountain Vinyard & Cellars Alex Nichol: Nichol Vineyard & Farm Vintners Bruce Nicholson: Vincor/Jackson-Triggs Vintners Sandra Oldfield: Tinhorn Creek Howard Soon: Calona Vineyards Frank Supernak: Hester Creek Estate Winery Erik von Krosigk: Hillside Estate Winery, Pinot Reach Cellars, Red Rooster Winery, Saturna Vineyard Part VII: Appendixes Appendix A: Glossary Appendix B: Directory of Canadian Wineries Ontario Niagara Bench wineries Niagara-on-the-Lake wineries Lake Erie North Shore wineries Toronto/GTA wineries Other areas British Columbia Okanagan Valley wineries Similkameen Valley wineries Greater Vancouver and Fraser Valley wineries Vancouver Island wineries Quebec Eastern Townships wineries Monteregie wineries Quebec City and other wineries Other Areas Nova Scotia Annapolis Valley wineries Prince Edward Island Fruit wineries Ontario British Columbia Nova Scotia Newfoundland Useful Web sites for more wine information Appendix C: Coolers Corkscrews Wine accessories Wine magazines (English) Wine magazines (French) Computer software: Cellar programs Catalogue shopping for wine Manitoba Ontario Quebec Appendix D: Canadian Highlights of the Vintners Quality Alliance (VQA) National Wine Standard Mission Statement Geographical Indications (G.I.) Provincial areas Viticultural areas Vineyard Designation Estate Bottle Declaration Wine Categories Labelling Varietal wines Blended wines (proprietary names) Vintage dating Foreign geographical indications Synonyms Addition of water Chaptalization Sweet reserve Certification process Label approval Tasting/evaluation panel— composition Packaging VQA label declaration Maintenance of This Standard Establishment of New Provincial Authorities Index
Tony Aspler is the recognized authority on Canadian wine and is the author of Travels with My Corkscrew and Vintage Canada. Barbara Leslie has 15 years of writing and editing experience at Winetidings magazine.
Includes directory of 120 wineries coast to coast! The fun and easy way to enjoy Canadian wine. Baffled by Bordeaux? Stumped on Sauvignon? Whether you're new to wine or a more seasoned oenophile (wine lover) this is the book for you. this friendly guide explains wine— and Canadian wine in particular— in easy-to-understand terms and sets you on course for a lifetime of wine enjoyment. Cheers! Discover how to: Enjoy the best Canadian wines Order wine in a restaurant Pair wine with food Recognize when wine's gone bad Choose the best wine to collect Pick the right wine for any occasion