Bovine Reproduction is a comprehensive, current reference providing information on all aspects of reproduction in the bull and cow. Offering fundamental knowledge on evaluating and restoring fertility in the bovine patient, the book also places information in the context of herd health where appropriate for a truly global view of bovine theriogenology. Printed in full color throughout, the book includes 83 chapters and more than 550 images, making it the most exhaustive reference available on this topic. Each section covers anatomy and physiology, breeding management, and reproductive surgery, as well as obstetrics and pregnancy wastage in the cow. Bovine Reproduction is a welcome resource for bovine practitioners, theriogenologists, and animal scientists, as well as veterinary students and residents with an interest in the cow.
Contributors x Preface xvi Section I: The Bull Anatomy and Physiology 1 Anatomy of the Reproductive System of the Bull 5 Ben Nabors and Robert Linford 2 Endocrine and Exocrine Function of the Bovine Testes 11 Peter L. Ryan 3 Thermoregulation of the Testes 26 John P. Kastelic 4 Endocrine Control of Testicular Development and Initiation of Spermatogenesis in Bulls 30 Leonardo F.C. Brito Breeding and Health Management 5 Bull Development: Sexual Development and Puberty in Bulls 41 Leonardo F.C. Brito 6 Breeding Soundness Examination in the Bull: Concepts and Historical Perspective 58 Richard M. Hopper 7 Evaluation of Breeding Soundness: The Physical Examination 64 James Alexander 8 Evaluation of Breeding Soundness: Basic Examination of the Semen 68 Richard M. Hopper and E. Heath King 9 Ultrasound Evaluation of the Reproductive Tract of the Bull 79 Harry Momont and Celina Checura 10 Management of Breeding Bull Batteries 92 E. Heath King 11 Management of Bulls at Custom Collection Studs 97 Gary Warner 12 Testicular Degeneration 103 Albert Barth 13 Vesicular Adenitis 109 Albert Barth 14 Inability to Breed due to Injury or Abnormality of the External Genitalia of Bulls 113 Herris Maxwell Reproductive Surgery 15 Local and Regional Anesthesia for Urogenital Surgery 131 Misty A. Edmondson 16 Surgery of the Scrotum and its Contents 136 Dwight F. Wolfe 17 Restorative Surgery of the Prepuce 142 Dwight F. Wolfe 18 Restorative Surgery of the Penis 155 Dwight F. Wolfe 19 Bovine Urolithiasis 172 Katharine M. Simpson and Robert N. Streeter 20 Preparation of Teaser Bulls 181 Gretchen Grissett Section II: The Cow Anatomy and Physiology 21 Anatomy of the Reproductive System of the Cow 191 Ben Nabors and Robert Linford 22 Initiation of Puberty in Heifers 195 Charles T. Estill 23 Neuroendocrine Control of Estrus and Ovulation 203 Marcel Amstalden and Gary L. Williams 24 Ovarian Follicular and Luteal Dynamics in Cattle 219 Gregg P. Adams and Jaswant Singh 25 Maternal Recognition and Physiology of Pregnancy 245 Caleb O. Lemley Leticia E. Camacho and Kimberly A. Vonnahme Breeding and Health Management 26 Biosecurity and Biocontainment for Reproductive Pathogens 259 Carla Huston 27 Beef Replacement Heifer Development 267 Terry J. Engelken 28 Heifer Development: From Weaning to Calving 272 Ricardo Stockler 29 Interaction of Nutrition and Reproduction in the Beef Cow 276 William S. Swecker Jr 30 Interaction of Nutrition and Reproduction in the Dairy Cow 283 Butch Cargile and Dan Tracy 31 Estrus Detection 290 Rhonda C. Vann 32 Artificial Insemination 295 Ram Kasimanickam 33 Pharmacological Intervention of Estrous Cycles 304 Ram Kasimanickam 34 Pregnancy Diagnosis: Rectal Palpation 314 David Christiansen 35 Biochemical Pregnancy Diagnosis 320 Amanda J. Cain and David Christiansen 36 Reproductive Ultrasound of Female Cattle 326 Jill Colloton 37 Beef Herd Health for Optimum Reproduction 347 Terry J. Engelken and Tyler M. Dohlman 38 Dairy Herd Health for Optimal Reproduction 353 Carlos A. Risco 39 Herd Diagnostic Testing Strategies 359 Robert L. Larson 40 Beef Herd Record Analysis: Reproductive Profiling 364 Brad J. White 41 Evaluating Reproductive Performance on Dairy Farms 370 James A. Brett and Richard W. Meiring 42 Marketing the Bovine Reproductive Practice: Devising a Plan or Tolerating a System 374 John L. Myers Obstetrics and Reproductive Surgery 43 Vaginal Cervical and Uterine Prolapse 383 Augustine T. Peter 44 Inducing Parturition or Abortion in Cattle 396 Albert Barth 45 Management to Prevent Dystocia 404 W. Mark Hilton and Danielle Glynn 46 Dystocia and Accidents of Gestation 409 Maarten Drost 47 Obstetrics: Mutation Forced Extraction Fetotomy 416 Kevin Walters 48 Obstetrics: Cesarean Section 424 Cathleen Mochal-King 49 Retained Fetal Membranes 431 Augustine T. Peter 50 Postpartum Uterine Infection 440 Colin Palmer 51 Cystic Ovarian Follicles 449 Jack D. Smith 52 Postpartum Anestrus and its Management in Dairy Cattle 456 Divakar J. Ambrose 53 Surgery to Restore Fertility 471 Richard M. Hopper Pregnancy Wastage 54 Fetal Disease and Abortion: Diagnosis and Causes 481 Wes Baumgartner 55 Infectious Agents: Campylobacter 518 Misty A. Edmondson 56 Infectious Agents: Trichomonas 524 Mike Thompson 57 Infectious Agents: Leptospirosis 529 Daniel L. Grooms 58 Infectious Agents: Brucellosis 533 Sue D. Hagius Quinesha P. Morgan and Philip H. Elzer 59 Infectious Agents: Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis 541 Ahmed Tibary 60 Infectious Agents: Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus 545 Thomas Passler 61 Infectious Agents: Epizootic Bovine Abortion (Foothill Abortion) 562 Jeffrey L. Stott Myra T. Blanchard and Mark L. Anderson 62 Infectious Agents: Neospora 567 Charles T. Estill and Clare M. Scully 63 Infectious Agents: Mycotic Abortion 575 Frank W. Austin 64 Early Embryonic Loss Due to Heat Stress 580 Peter J. Hansen 65 Bovine Abortifacient and Teratogenic Toxins 589 Brittany Baughman 66 Heritable Congenital Defects in Cattle 609 Brian K. Whitlock and Elizabeth A. Coffman 67 Abnormal Offspring Syndrome 620 Charlotte E. Farin Callie V. Barnwell and William T. Farmer 68 Strategies to Decrease Neonatal Calf Loss in Beef Herds 639 David R. Smith 69 Management to Decrease Neonatal Loss of Dairy Heifers 646 Ricardo Stockler Section III: Assisted and Advanced Reproductive Technologies 70 Use of Technology in Controlling Estrus in Cattle 655 Fred Lehman and Jim W. Lauderdale 71 Cryopreservation of Semen 662 Swanand Sathe and Clifford F. Shipley 72 Utilization of Sex-sorted Semen 671 Ram Kasimanickam 73 Control of Semen-borne Pathogens 679 Rory Meyer 74 Bovine Semen Quality Control in Artificial Insemination Centers 685 Patrick Vincent Shelley L. Underwood Catherine Dolbec Nadine Bouchard Tom Kroetsch and Patrick Blondin 75 Superovulation in Cattle 696 Reuben J. Mapletoft and Gabriel A. Bó 76 Embryo Collection and Transfer 703 Edwin Robertson 77 Cryopreservation of Bovine Embryos 718 Kenneth Bondioli 78 Selection and Management of the Embryo Recipient Herd for Embryo Transfer 723 G. Cliff Lamb and Vitor R.G. Mercadante 79 Evaluation of In Vivo-Derived Bovine Embryos 733 Marianna M. Jahnke James K. West and Curtis R. Youngs 80 Control of Embryo-borne Pathogens 749 Julie Gard 81 In Vitro Fertilization 758 John F. Hasler and Jennifer P. Barfield 82 Cloning by Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer 771 J. Lannett Edwards and F. Neal Schrick 83 The Computer-generated Bull Breeding Soundness Evaluation Form 784 John L. Myers Glossary 790 Index 795
“Authored by several wellrespected experts in the field, Bovine Reproduction is a reference textbook that definitely fills a void in that area of veterinary medicine. This book is one of the most, if not the most, complete textbooks dedicated to the subject of bovine theriogenology currently available and covers andrology, fertility, obstetrics, advanced reproductive technologies, abortion, neonatology, reproductive surgery, and production medicine.” (Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 15 June 2015)
Richard M. Hopper, DVM, DACT, is the Section Leader for Theriogenology, Ambulatory, and Food Animal Medicine at Mississippi State University in Mississippi State, Mississippi, USA.
Bovine Reproduction is a comprehensive, current reference providing information on all aspects of reproduction in the bull and cow. Offering fundamental knowledge on evaluating and restoring fertility in the bovine patient, the book also places information in the context of herd health where appropriate for a truly global view of bovine theriogenology. Printed in full color throughout, the book includes 83 chapters and more than 550 images, making it the most exhaustive reference available on this topic. Each section covers anatomy and physiology, breeding management, and reproductive surgery, as well as obstetrics and pregnancy wastage in the cow. Bovine Reproduction is a welcome resource for bovine practitioners, theriogenologists, and animal scientists, as well as veterinary students and residents with an interest in the cow. Key features Offers a complete, up-to-date resource on managing reproduction in the bull and cow Addresses all aspects of evaluating and restoring fertility in the bovine patient Focuses on individual medicine Takes a production medicine perspective where necessary to address this important aspect of bovine practice Encompasses anatomy and physiology, breeding management, and reproductive surgery, as well as obstetrics and pregnancy wastage in the cow Provides full-color images throughout