Details

Artificial Immune System


Artificial Immune System

Applications in Computer Security
1. Aufl.

von: Ying Tan

91,99 €

Verlag: Wiley-IEEE Computer Society Press
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 25.08.2016
ISBN/EAN: 9781119076278
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 208

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Beschreibungen

This book deals with malware detection in terms of Artificial Immune System (AIS), and presents a number of AIS models and immune-based feature extraction approaches as well as their applications in computer security Covers all of the current achievements in computer security based on immune principles, which were obtained by the Computational Intelligence Laboratory of Peking University, China Includes state-of-the-art information on designing and developing artificial immune systems (AIS) and AIS-based solutions to computer security issues Presents new concepts such as immune danger theory, immune concentration,  and class-wise information gain (CIG) 
Preface xiii About Author xxi Acknowledgements xxiii 1 Artificial Immune System 1 1.1 Introduction 1 1.2 Biological Immune System 2 1.2.1 Overview 2 1.2.2 Adaptive Immune Process 3 1.3 Characteristics of BIS 4 1.4 Artificial Immune System 6 1.5 AIS Models and Algorithms 8 1.5.1 Negative Selection Algorithm 8 1.5.2 Clonal Selection Algorithm 9 1.5.3 Immune Network Model 11 1.5.4 Danger Theory 12 1.5.5 Immune Concentration 13 1.5.6 Other Methods 14 1.6 Characteristics of AIS 15 1.7 Applications of Artificial Immune System 16 1.7.1 Virus Detection 16 1.7.2 Spam Filtering 16 1.7.3 Robots 20 1.7.4 Control Engineering 21 1.7.5 Fault Diagnosis 22 1.7.6 Optimized Design 22 1.7.7 Data Analysis 22 1.8 Summary 22 2 Malware Detection 27 2.1 Introduction 27 2.2 Malware 28 2.2.1 Definition and Features 28 2.2.2 The Development Phases of Malware 29 2.3 Classic Malware Detection Approaches 30 2.3.1 Static Techniques 31 2.3.2 Dynamic Techniques 31 2.3.3 Heuristics 32 2.4 Immune Based Malware Detection Approaches 34 2.4.1 An Overview of Artificial Immune System 34 2.4.2 An Overview of Artificial Immune System for Malware Detection 35 2.4.3 An Immune Based Virus Detection System Using Affinity Vectors 36 2.4.4 A Hierarchical Artificial Immune Model for Virus Detection 38 2.4.5 A Malware Detection Model Based on a Negative Selection Algorithm with Penalty Factor 2.5 Summary 43 3 Immune Principle and Neural Networks Based Malware Detection 47 3.1 Introduction 47 3.2 Immune System for Malicious Executable Detection 48 3.2.1 Non-self Detection Principles 48 3.2.2 Anomaly Detection Based on Thickness 48 3.2.3 Relationship Between Diversity of Detector Representation and Anomaly Detection Hole 48 3.3 Experimental Dataset 48 3.4 Malware Detection Algorithm 49 3.4.1 Definition of Data Structures 49 3.4.2 Detection Principle and Algorithm 49 3.4.3 Generation of Detector Set 50 3.4.4 Extraction of Anomaly Characteristics 50 3.4.5 Classifier 52 3.5 Experiment 52 3.5.1 Experimental Procedure 53 3.5.2 Experimental Results 53 3.5.3 Comparison With Matthew G. Schultz’s Method 55 3.6 Summary 57 4 Multiple-Point Bit Mutation Method of Detector Generation 59 4.1 Introduction 59 4.2 Current Detector Generating Algorithms 60 4.3 Growth Algorithms 60 4.4 Multiple Point Bit Mutation Method 62 4.5 Experiments 62 4.5.1 Experiments on Random Dataset 62 4.5.2 Change Detection of Static Files 65 4.6 Summary 65 5 Malware Detection System Using Affinity Vectors 67 5.1 Introduction 67 5.2 Malware Detection Using Affinity Vectors 68 5.2.1 Sliding Window 68 5.2.2 Negative Selection 68 5.2.3 Clonal Selection 69 5.2.4 Distances 70 5.2.5 Affinity Vector 71 5.2.6 Training Classifiers with Affinity Vectors 71 5.3 Evaluation of Affinity Vectors based malware detection System 73 5.3.1 Dataset 73 5.3.2 Length of Data Fragment 73 5.3.3 Experimental Results 73 5.4 Summary 74 6 Hierarchical Artificial Immune Model 79 6.1 Introduction 79 6.2 Architecture of HAIM 80 6.3 Virus Gene Library Generating Module 80 6.3.1 Virus ODN Library 82 6.3.2 Candidate Virus Gene Library 82 6.3.3 Detecting Virus Gene Library 83 6.4 Self-Nonself Classification Module 84 6.4.1 Matching Degree between Two Genes 84 6.4.2 Suspicious Program Detection 85 6.5 Simulation Results of Hierarchical Artificial Immune Model 86 6.5.1 Data Set 86 6.5.2 Description of Experiments 86 6.6 Summary 89 7 Negative Selection Algorithm with Penalty Factor 91 7.1 Introduction 91 7.2 Framework of NSAPF 92 7.3 Malware signature extraction module 93 7.3.1 Malware Instruction Library (MIL) 93 7.3.2 Malware Candidate Signature Library 94 7.3.3 NSAPF and Malware Detection Signature Library 96 7.4 Suspicious Program Detection Module 97 7.4.1 Signature Matching 97 7.4.2 Matching between Suspicious Programs and the MDSL 97 7.4.3 Analysis of Penalty Factor 98 7.5 Experiments and Analysis 99 7.5.1 Experimental Datasets 99 7.5.2 Experiments on Henchiri dataset 100 7.5.3 Experiments on CILPKU08 Dataset 103 7.5.4 Experiments on VX Heavens Dataset 104 7.5.5 Parameter Analysis 104 7.6 Summary 105 8 Danger Feature Based Negative Selection Algorithm 107 8.1 Introduction 107 8.1.1 Danger Feature 107 8.1.2 Framework of Danger Feature Based Negative Selection Algorithm 107 8.2 DFNSA for Malware Detection 109 8.2.1 Danger Feature Extraction 109 8.2.2 Danger Feature Vector 110 8.3 Experiments 111 8.3.1 Datasets 111 8.3.2 Experimental Setup 111 8.3.3 Selection of Parameters 112 8.3.4 Experimental Results 113 8.4 Discussions 113 8.4.1 Comparison of Detecting Feature Libraries 113 8.4.2 Comparison of Detection Time 114 8.5 Summary 114 9 Immune Concentration Based Malware Detection Approaches 117 9.1 Introduction 117 9.2 Generation of Detector Libraries 117 9.3 Construction of Feature Vector for Local Concentration 122 9.4 Parameters Optimization based on Particle Swarm Optimization 124 9.5 Construction of Feature Vector for Hybrid Concentration 124 9.5.1 Hybrid Concentration 124 9.5.2 Strategies for Definition of Local Areas 126 9.5.3 HC-based Malware Detection Method 127 9.5.4 Discussions 128 9.6 Experiments 130 9.6.1 Experiments of Local Concentration 130 9.6.2 Experiments of Hybrid Concentration 138 9.7 Summary 142 10 Immune Cooperation Mechanism Based Learning Framework 145 10.1 Introduction 145 10.2 Immune Signal Cooperation Mechanism based Learning Framework 148 10.3 Malware Detection Model 151 10.4 Experiments of Malware Detection Model 152 10.4.1 Experimental setup 152 10.4.2 Selection of Parameters 153 10.4.3 Experimental Results 153 10.4.4 Statistical Analysis 155 10.5 Discussions 157 10.5.1 Advantages 157 10.5.2 Time Complexity 157 10.6 Summary 158 11 Class-wise Information Gain 161 11.1 Introduction 161 11.2 Problem Statement 163 11.2.1 Definition of the Generalized Class 163 11.2.2 Malware Recognition Problem 163 11.3 Class-wise Information Gain 164 11.3.1 Definition 164 11.3.2 Analysis 166 11.4 CIG-based Malware Detection Method 170 11.4.1 Feature Selection Module 170 11.4.2 Classification Module 171 11.5 Dataset 172 11.5.1 Benign Program Dataset 172 11.5.2 Malware Dataset 172 11.6 Selection of Parameter 174 11.6.1 Experimental Setup 174 11.6.2 Experiments of Selection of Parameter 174 11.7 Experimental Results 175 11.7.1 Experiments on the VXHeavens Dataset 177 11.7.2 Experiments on the Henchiri Dataset 179 11.7.3 Experiments on the CILPKU08 Dataset 180 11.8 Discussions 180 11.8.1 The Relationship Among IG-A, DFCIG-B and DFCIG-M 181 11.8.2 Space Complexity 182 11.9 Summary 183 Index 185
Ying Tan, PhD, is a Professor of Peking University, China. Dr. Tan is also the director of CIL@PKU. He serves as the editor-in-chief of International Journal of Computational Intelligence and Pattern Recognition, associate editor of IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics, IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems, and International Journal of Swarm Intelligence Research, and also as an Editor of Springer’s Lecture Notes on Computer Science (LNCS). He is the founder and chair of the ICSI International Conference series. Dr. Tan is a senior member of the IEEE, ACM, and CIE. He has published over two-hundred papers in refereed journals and conferences in areas such as computational intelligence, swarm intelligence, data mining, and pattern recognition for information security.
This book provides state-of-the-art information on the use, design, and development of the Artificial Immune System (AIS) and AIS-based solutions to computer security issues. Artificial Immune System: Applications in Computer Security focuses on the technologies and applications of AIS in malware detection proposed in recent years by the Computational Intelligence Laboratory of Peking University (CIL@PKU). It offers a theoretical perspective as well as practical solutions for readers interested in AIS, machine learning, pattern recognition and computer security. The book begins by introducing the basic concepts, typical algorithms, important features, and some applications of AIS. The second chapter introduces malware and its detection methods, especially for immune-based malware detection approaches. Successive chapters present a variety of advanced detection approaches for malware, including Virus Detection System, K-Nearest Neighbour (KNN), RBF networks, and Support Vector Machines (SVM), Danger theory, Negative Selection Algorithms (NSA), Immune concentration, and immune cooperative mechanism based learning (ICL) framework. The book concludes by presenting a new statistic named Class-Wise Information Gain (CIG), which can select features with the highest information content for a specific class in a problem, as well as efficiently detect malware loaders and infected executables in the wild. Important features of this book: Presents established and developed immune models for malware detection Includes state-of-the-art malware detection techniques Covers all of the current achievements in computer security based on immune principles, which were obtained by CIL@PKU, China This book is designed for a professional audience who wish to learn about state-of-the-art AIS and AIS-based malware detection approaches.

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