Ancient Egyptian TombsThe Culture of Life and Death
Blackwell Ancient Religions 1. Aufl.
This book explores the development of tombs as a cultural phenomenon in ancient Egypt and examines what tombs reveal about ancient Egyptian culture and Egyptians’ belief in the afterlife. Investigates the roles of tombs in the development of funerary practices Draws on a range of data, including architecture, artifacts and texts Discusses tombs within the context of everyday life in Ancient Egypt Stresses the importance of the tomb as an eternal expression of the self
List of Figures ix Preface xiii Acknowledgements xv Introduction 1 1 Nameless Lives at Tarkhan and Saqqara 7 Early Tombs and the Ka 2 Pits, Palaces and Pyramids 24 Royal Cemeteries of the Early Dynastic Period and Old Kingdom 3 Non-Royal Cemeteries of Dynasty 4 35 4 Unas, Teti and Their Courts 51 The Late Old Kingdom at Saqqara 5 The Tombs of Qar and Idu 68 Families and Funerals in the Late Old Kingdom 6 A Growing Independence 86 Court and Regional Cemeteries in the Late Old Kingdom 7 Ankhtify 105 A Time of Change 8 Osiris, Lord of Abydos 117 9 ‘Lords of Life’ 136 Coffins 10 Strangers and Brothers 148 The Middle Kingdom in Middle Egypt 11 North and South 166 Middle Kingdom Tombs at the Royal Residence 12 Ineni, Senenmut and User-Amun 176 New Tombs for Old 13 Rekhmire and the Tomb of the Well-Known Soldier 190 Foreigners and Funerals in the Age of Empire 14 Huya and Horemheb 207 Amarna and After 15 Samut and the Ramesside Private Tomb 223 16 Sennedjem 233 Building and Buying at Deir el-Medina 17 Petosiris 245 A Dying Tradition References 260 Further Reading 276 Index 281
"This work is a rather ambitious attempt to summarize not only the development of the burial place in ancient Egypt and its architecture, but also the complex religious significance of the tomb, the attendant rituals and ritual objects as well as funerary texts. Admittedly, there is a great deal to be said about each of these aspects of the burial rite in ancient Egypt and the author has essayed a survey that includes a good deal of significant information as well as observation." (Bryn Mawr Classical Review, 12 November 2011)
Steven Snape is Senior Lecturer in Egyptian Archaeology at the University of Liverpool, Director of Archaeological Collections in Liverpool University’s Garstang Museum of Archaeology, and Director of its excavations at the Ramesside fortress-town of Zawiyet Umm el-Rakham. His books include Six Archaeological Sites in Sharqiyeh Province (1986), A Temple of Domitian at El-Ashmunein (1990), Egyptian Temples (1996), and Zawiyet Umm el-Rakham I: The Temple and Chapels (with P. Wilson, 2007).
Ancient Egyptian tombs were not designed as places where the dead were buried and forgotten. They were the places where carefully preserved bodies were securely stored for eternity. The best of them were architecturally spectacular, richly decorated with carved and painted reliefs, and replete with a range of specialized grave-goods and statues. Their prominent visibility was a reminder of the ongoing relationship between the dead and the living. These collections of extraordinary physical evidence, unique in the ancient world, tell us a great deal about how the Egyptians regarded the afterlife. Using all of the relevant data available, including architecture, artefacts and texts, this book explores the development of the tomb as a cultural phenomenon in Ancient Egypt. The author discusses tombs within the context of everyday life, particularly ongoing social and economic relationships, while stressing the importance of the tomb as an eternal expression of the self.
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