Details

An Illustrated Brief History of Western Philosophy


An Illustrated Brief History of Western Philosophy


2. Aufl.

von: Anthony Kenny

24,99 €

Verlag: Wiley-Blackwell
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 04.02.2009
ISBN/EAN: 9781405178600
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 400

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Beschreibungen

This illustrated edition of Sir Anthony Kenny’s acclaimed survey of Western philosophy offers the most concise and compelling story of the complete development of philosophy available. Spanning 2,500 years of thought, An Illustrated Brief History of Western Philosophy provides essential coverage of the most influential philosophers of the Western world, among them Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Jesus, Augustine, Aquinas, Machiavelli, Descartes, Hobbes, Spinoza, Berkeley, Hume, Rousseau, Kant, Hegel, Marx, Mill, Nietzsche, Darwin, Freud, Frege, Russell, and Wittgenstein.Replete with over 60 illustrations - ranging from Dufresnoy’s The Death of Socrates, through to the title page of Thomas More’s Utopia, portraits of Hobbes and Rousseau, photographs of Charles Darwin and Bertrand Russell, Freud’s own sketch of the Ego and the Id, and Wittgenstein’s Austrian military identity card - this lucid and masterful work is ideal for anyone with an interest in Western thought.
Preface x List of Illustrations xiii Acknowledgements xvi I Philosophy in its Infancy 1 The Milesians 2 Xenophanes 5 Heraclitus 6 The School of Parmenides 9 Empedocles 14 The Atomists 17 II The Athens of Socrates 21 The Athenian Empire 21 Anaxagoras 23 The Sophists 24 Socrates 25 The Euthyphro 28 The Crito 31 The Phaedo 31 III The Philosophy of Plato 38 Life and Works 38 The Theory of Ideas 40 Plato’s Republic 44 The Theaetetus and the Sophist 54 IV The System of Aristotle 61 Plato’s Pupil, Alexander’s Teacher 61 The Foundation of Logic 63 The Theory of Drama 67 Moral Philosophy: Virtue and Happiness 68 Moral Philosophy: Wisdom and Understanding 72 Politics 75 Science and Explanation 77 Words and Things 80 Motion and Change 81 Soul, Sense, and Intellect 83 Metaphysics 86 V Greek Philosophy after Aristotle 91 The Hellenistic Era 91 Epicureanism 93 Stoicism 95 Scepticism 97 Rome and its Empire 99 Jesus of Nazareth 100 Christianity and Gnosticism 102 Neo-Platonism 106 VI Early Christian Philosophy 109 Arianism and Orthodoxy 109 The Theology of Incarnation 112 The Life of Augustine 114 The City of God and the Mystery of Grace 117 Boethius and Philoponus 120 VII Early Medieval Philosophy 125 John the Scot 125 Alkindi and Avicenna 128 The Feudal System 130 Saint Anselm 131 Abelard and Héloïse 133 Abelard’s Logic 135 Abelard’s Ethics 137 Averroes 139 Maimonides 140 VIII Philosophy in the Thirteenth Century 144 An Age of Innovation 144 Saint Bonaventure 147 Thirteenth-Century Logic 149 Aquinas’ Life and Works 150 Aquinas’ Natural Theology 152 Matter, Form, Substance, and Accident 154 Aquinas on Essence and Existence 156 Aquinas’ Philosophy of Mind 157 Aquinas’ Moral Philosophy 159 IX Oxford Philosophers 164 The Fourteenth-Century University 164 Duns Scotus 165 Ockham’s Logic of Language 172 Ockham’s Political Theory 174 The Oxford Calculators 177 John Wyclif 178 X Renaissance Philosophy 182 The Renaissance 182 Free-will: Rome vs. Louvain 183 Renaissance Platonism 186 Machiavelli 188 More’s Utopia 190 The Reformation 193 Post-Reformation Philosophy 197 Bruno and Galileo 199 Francis Bacon 201 XI The Age of Descartes 206 The Wars of Religion 206 The Life of Descartes 207 The Doubt and the Cogito 210 The Essence of Mind 212 God, Mind, and Body 214 The Material World 217 XII English Philosophy in the Seventeenth Century 221 The Empiricism of Thomas Hobbes 221 Hobbes’ Political Philosophy 223 The Political Theory of John Locke 226 Locke on Ideas and Qualities 228 Substances and Persons 232 XIII Continental Philosophy in the Age of Louis XIV 237 Blaise Pascal 237 Spinoza and Malebranche 240 Leibniz 245 XIV British Philosophy in the Eighteenth Century 251 Berkeley 251 Hume’s Philosophy of Mind 256 Hume on Causation 260 Reid and Common Sense 263 XV The Enlightenment 266 The Philosophes 266 Rousseau 267 Revolution and Romanticism 271 XVI The Critical Philosophy of Kant 275 Kant’s Copernican Revolution 275 The Transcendental Aesthetic 278 The Transcendental Analytic: The Deduction of the Categories 280 The Transcendental Analytic: The System of Principles 283 The Transcendental Dialectic: The Paralogisms of Pure Reason 286 The Transcendental Dialectic: The Antinomies of Pure Reason 289 The Transcendental Dialectic: The Critique of Natural Theology 291 Kant’s Moral Philosophy 295 XVII German Idealism and Materialism 298 Fichte 298 Hegel 299 Marx and the Young Hegelians 304 Capitalism and its Discontents 306 XVIII The Utilitarians 309 Jeremy Bentham 309 The Utilitarianism of J. S. Mill 314 Mill’s Logic 316 XIX Three Nineteenth-Century Philosophers 320 Schopenhauer 320 Kierkegaard 327 Nietzsche 329 XX Three Modern Masters 333 Charles Darwin 333 John Henry Newman 339 Sigmund Freud 343 XXI Logic and the Foundations of Mathematics 351 Frege’s Logic 351 Frege’s Logicism 353 Frege’s Philosophy of Logic 356 Russell’s Paradox 357 Russell’s Theory of Descriptions 359 Logical Analysis 362 XXII The Philosophy of Wittgenstein 365 Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus 365 Logical Positivism 368 Philosophical Investigations 370 Afterword 382 Suggestions for Further Reading 386 Index 392
Praise for the previous edition: “The 22 chapters of this history are lucidly written and with enough humour in them to cheer up the educated general reader even in the midst of the most arid of philosophical discussions.” Times Higher Education Supplement "This is simply a jolly good read, with pithy historical and biographical scene-setters, authoritative accounts of how successive philosophers have contributed to the development of Western thought, and often brilliant single-sentence summaries." Church Times "A richly detailed, critical look at philosophy, displaying both Kenny's love for philosophical engagement and for good history...Kenny's style is unpretentious, effective, and at times wonderfully informal and amiable." Review of Metaphysics
Sir Anthony Kenny was formerly Pro-Vice-Chancellor at Oxford University, Master of Balliol College, Oxford and Warden of Rhodes House, Oxford. He was also President of the British Academy, Chairman of the Board of the British Library and a Trustee of Wittgenstein’s copyrights. He is the author or editor of more than 40 books, including Wittgenstein (Revised Edition, 2006), Frege: An Introduction to the Founder of Modern Analytic Philosophy (2000) and The Legacy of Wittgenstein (1984), all published by Blackwell.
This illustrated edition of Sir Anthony Kenny’s acclaimed survey of Western philosophy offers the most concise and compelling story of the complete development of philosophy available. Spanning 2,500 years of thought, An Illustrated Brief History of Western Philosophy provides essential coverage of the most influential philosophers of the Western world, among them Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Jesus, Augustine, Aquinas, Machiavelli, Descartes, Hobbes, Spinoza, Berkeley, Hume, Rousseau, Kant, Hegel, Marx, Mill, Nietzsche, Darwin, Freud, Frege, Russell, and Wittgenstein.Replete with over 60 illustrations - ranging from Dufresnoy’s The Death of Socrates, through to the title page of Thomas More’s Utopia, portraits of Hobbes and Rousseau, photographs of Charles Darwin and Bertrand Russell, Freud’s own sketch of the Ego and the Id, and Wittgenstein’s Austrian military identity card - this lucid and masterful work is ideal for anyone with an interest in Western thought.
Praise for the previous edition: “The 22 chapters of this history are lucidly written and with enough humour in them to cheer up the educated general reader even in the midst of the most arid of philosophical discussions.” Times Higher Education Supplement "This is simply a jolly good read, with pithy historical and biographical scene-setters, authoritative accounts of how successive philosophers have contributed to the development of Western thought, and often brilliant single-sentence summaries." Church Times "A richly detailed, critical look at philosophy, displaying both Kenny's love for philosophical engagement and for good history...Kenny's style is unpretentious, effective, and at times wonderfully informal and amiable." Review of Metaphysics

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