Ammonium Nitrate Explosives for Civil ApplicationsSlurries, Emulsions and Ammonium Nitrate Fuel Oils
The book describes the science and technology of formulation and manufacturing of non-nitroglycerine explosives with ammonium nitrate as the main ingredient. Based on the author's industry experience of more than thirty years, it provides an unparalleled treatment of one of the commercially most important classes of explosives and therefore stimulates further research and development efforts in the field of explosives for civil applications.
PREFACE CLASSIFICATION OF EXPLOSIVES Initiation Sensitivity Size Usage Physical Form EXPLOSIVE SCIENCE Introduction Initiation and Detonation Propagation and Detonation Reaction Chemistry in Explosives AMMONIUM NITRATE EXPLOSIVES Introduction Tests Assessment of Safety and Stability Characteristics Summary AMMONIUM NITRATE AND AN/FO Introduction and History Physical and Chemical Properties of Ammonium Nitrate Manufacture of Ammonium Nitrate Ammonium Nitrate Fuel Oil Explosives SLURRIES AND WATER GELS Development Design Process Technology Quality Checks Process Hazards (Dust Explosions/Fire Hazards/Health Hazards) Role of GG Permissible Explosives General Purpose Small-Diameter Explosives (GPSD) Sensitizers EMULSION EXPLOSIVES Introduction Concept of Emulsion Explosives General Composition of Emulsion Explosives Structure and Rheology Composition and Theory of Emulsion Explosives Manufacture Quality Checks Explosive Properties of Emulsion Matrix/Explosives Permissible Emulsions General Purpose Small-Diameter (GPSD) Emulsion Explosives Bulk Emulsions Heavy AN/FO Packaged Large-Diameter Emulsion Explosives RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT Areas of Interest Development Work and Upscaling Management of R&D FUNCTIONAL SAFETY DURING MANUFACTURE OF AN EXPLOSIVES Introduction - Personal View Point on Safety Safety Considerations in AN Explosives Explosion Hazards in Equipment Concluding Remarks ECONOMICS OF AN-BASED EXPLOSIVES In Manufacture In Applications Blast Design Influence of Explosives in Underground Mining CURRENT STATUS AND CONCLUDING REMARKS APPENDIX A APPENDIX B: GUIDELINES FOR INVESTIGATION OF AN ACCIDENT Introduction Detailed Inspection Interviewing and Questioning Collection of Samples Examination of Witnesses Examination of Dead/Injured INDEX
Erode Mahadevan is currently a Technology Consultant based in India. Before that for more than thirty years he was engaged in the field of commercial explosives and accessories and specialty chemicals. He has worked with many multinational companies such as ICI (UK), BASF (Germany), Atlas Chemicals (USA), Dow Chemical (USA), Nitro Nobel (Sweden), Dyno Industries (Norway). For twenty years Erode Mahadevan was Managing Director of IDL Industries Ltd., a leading producer of civil explosives based in India. He holds a Masters Degree in Physical Chemistry from the University of Mysore, Bangalore, and a PhD from the Technische Hochschule in Karlsruhe, Germany. Before starting his career in industry, Erode Mahadevan was a postdoctoral researcher at the Department of Chemistry at the Columbia University, New York. He published several papers and holds some patents in the field of explosives and accessories.
This work describes the science and technology of formulation and manufacturing of non-nitroglycerine explosives with ammonium nitrate as the main ingredient. Based on the author's industry experience of more than thirty years, it provides an unparalleled treatment of one of the commercially most important classes of explosives and therefore stimulates further research and development efforts in the field of explosives for civil applications. Explosives based on ammonium nitrate can be handled more easily than other explosives because they are more stable and less sensitive to external stimuli such as pressure, shaking or inadvertent ignition. Consequently, they provide more safety for both the manufacturer and the end user, making them the explosives of choice for civil applications such as mining, construction and pyrotechnics. This book is an invaluable addition to the library of any Explosives and Mining Specialist, Pyrotechnician, Materials Scientist, Military Authority, and Safety Officer.
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