Details

Aggregation-Induced Emission


Aggregation-Induced Emission

Applications
1. Aufl.

von: Ben Zhong Tang, Anjun Qin

113,99 €

Verlag: Wiley
Format: EPUB
Veröffentl.: 10.09.2013
ISBN/EAN: 9781118701775
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 296

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Beschreibungen

Aggregation-Induced Emission (AIE) is a novel photophysical phenomenon which offers a new platform APPLICATIONS for researchers to look into the light-emitting processes from luminogen aggregates, from which useful information on structure–property relationships may be collected and mechanistic insights may be gained. The discovery of the AIE effect opens a new avenue for the development of new luminogen materials in the aggregate or solid state. By enabling light emission in the practically useful solid state, AIE has the potential to significantly expand the technological applications of luminescent materials. Aggregation-Induced Emission: Applications is the first book to explore the high-tech applications of AIE luminogens, including technological utilizations of AIE materials in the areas of electroluminescence, mechanochromism, chiral recognition, ionic sensing, biomolecule detection, and cell imaging. Potential applications in room temperature phosphorescence, liquid crystals, circularly polarized luminescence, and organic lasing are also introduced in this volume. Topics covered include: AIE materials for electroluminescence applications Liquid crystals with AIE characteristics Mechanochromic AIE materials Chiral recognition and enantiomeric differentiation based on AIE AIE and applications of aryl-substituted pyrrole derivatives New chemo-/biosensors with AIE-active molecules AIE luminogens for in vivo functional bioimaging Applications of AIE materials in biotechnology This book is essential reading for scientists and engineers who are designing optoelectronic materials and biomedical sensors, and will also be of interest to academic researchers in materials science, physical and synthetic organic chemistry as well as physicists and biological chemists.
List of Contributors xi Preface xiii 1 AIE or AIEE Materials for Electroluminescence Applications 1 Chiao-Wen Lin and Chin-Ti Chen 1.1 Introduction 1 1.2 EL Background, EL Efficiency, Color Chromaticity, and Fabrication Issues of OLEDs 2 1.3 AIE or AIEE Silole Derivatives for OLEDs 7 1.4 AIE or AIEE Maleimide and Pyrrole Derivatives for OLEDs 10 1.5 AIE or AIEE Cyano-Substituted Stilbenoid and Distyrylbenzene Derivatives for OLEDs 14 1.6 AIE or AIEE Triarylamine Derivatives for OLEDs 17 1.7 AIE or AIEE Triphenylethene and Tetraphenylethene Derivatives for OLEDs 17 1.8 White OLEDs Containing AIE or AIEE Materials 31 1.9 Perspectives 36 References 37 2 Crystallization-Induced Phosphorescence for Purely Organic Phosphors at Room Temperature and Liquid Crystals with Aggregation-Induced Emission Characteristics 42 Wang Zhang Yuan, Yongming Zhang, and Ben Zhong Tang 2.1 Crystallization-Induced Phosphorescence for Purely Organic Phosphors at Room Temperature 42 2.1.1 Introduction 42 2.1.2 Molecular luminogens with crystallization-induced phosphorescence at room temperature 43 2.2 Liquid crystals with aggregation-induced emission characteristics 51 2.2.1 Luminescent liquid crystals 51 2.2.2 Aggregation-induced emission strategy towards high-efficiency luminescent liquid crystals 52 2.3 Conclusions and Perspectives 56 References 57 3 Mechanochromic Aggregation-Induced Emission Materials 60 Zhenguo Chi and Jiarui Xu 3.1 Introduction 60 3.2 Mechanochromic Non-AIE Compounds 61 3.3 Mechanochromic AIE Compounds 63 3.4 Conclusion 81 References 82 4 Chiral Recognition and Enantiomeric Excess Determination Based on Aggregation-Induced Emission 86 Yan-Song Zheng 4.1 Introduction to Chiral Recognition 86 4.2 Chiral Recognition and Enantiomeric Excess Determination of Chiral Amines 87 4.3 Chiral Recognition and Enantiomeric Excess Determination of Chiral Acids 90 4.3.1 Enantiomeric excess determination of chiral acids using chiral AIE amines 90 4.3.2 Enantiomeric excess determination of chiral acids using a chiral receptor in the presence of an AIE compound 97 4.4 Mechanism of chiral recognition based on AIE 100 4.4.1 Mechanism of chiral recognition by a chiral AIE monoamine 101 4.4.2 Mechanism of chiral recognition by a chiral AIE diamine 101 4.5 Prospects for chiral recognition based on AIE 103 References 104 5 AIE Materials Towards Efficient Circularly Polarized Luminescence, Organic Lasing, and Superamplified Detection of Explosives 106 Jianzhao Liu, Jacky W.Y. Lam, and Ben Zhong Tang 5.1 Introduction 106 5.2 AIE Materials with Efficient Circularly Polarized Luminescence and Large Dissymmetry Factor 106 5.2.1 Aggregation-induced circular dichroism 107 5.2.2 AIE, fluorescence decay dynamics and theoretical understanding 109 5.2.3 Aggregation-induced circularly polarized luminescence 112 5.2.4 Supramolecular assembly and structural modeling 114 5.3 AIE Materials for Organic Lasing 117 5.3.1 Fabrication of nano-structures 117 5.3.2 Lasing performances 118 5.4 AIE Materials for Superamplified Detection of Explosives 120 5.4.1 Hyperbranched polymer-based sensor 121 5.4.2 Mesoporous material-based sensor 126 5.5 Conclusion 126 References 127 6 Aggregation-Induced Emission and Applications of Aryl-Substituted Pyrrole Derivatives 129 Bin Tong and Yuping Dong 6.1 Introduction 129 6.2 Luminescence Properties of Triphenylpyrrole Derivatives in the Aggregated State 130 6.3 Applications 134 6.4 Aggregation-Induced Emission of Pentaphenylpyrrole 145 6.5 AIEE Mechanism of Pentaphenylpyrrole 148 6.6 Conclusion 150 References 150 7 Biogenic Amine Sensing with Aggregation-Induced Emission-Active Tetraphenylethenes 154 Takanobu Sanji and Masato Tanaka 7.1 Introduction 154 7.1.1 Biogenic amines 154 7.1.2 Sensing methods for biogenic amines 154 7.2 Fluorimetric Sensing of Biogenic Amines with AIE-Active TPEs 155 7.2.1 Design for fluorimetric sensing of biogenic amines 155 7.2.2 Sensing studies and statistical analysis 155 7.2.3 Determination of histamine concentration 159 7.2.4 Fluorimetric sensing of melamine with AIE-active TPEs 160 7.3 Summary and Outlook 160 References 161 8 New Chemo-/Biosensors with Silole and Tetraphenylethene Molecules Based on the Aggregation and Deaggregation Mechanism 162 Ming Wang, Guanxin Zhang, and Deqing Zhang 8.1 Introduction 162 8.2 Cation and Anion Sensors 163 8.3 Fluorimetric Biosensors for Biomacromolecules 166 8.4 Fluorimetric Assays for Enzymes 170 8.5 Fluorimetric Detection of Physiologically Important Small Molecules 177 8.6 Miscellaneous Sensors 180 8.7 Conclusion and Outlook 182 References 182 9 Carbohydrate-Functionalized AIE-Active Molecules as Luminescent Probes for Biosensing 186 Qi Chen and Bao-Hang Han 9.1 Introduction 186 9.2 Carbohydrate-Bearing AIE-Active Molecules 187 9.2.1 Carbohydrate-bearing siloles 188 9.2.2 Carbohydrate-bearing phosphole oxides 189 9.2.3 Carbohydrate-bearing tetraphenylethenes 190 9.3 Luminescent Probes for Lectins 192 9.4 Luminescent Probes for Enzymes 196 9.5 Luminescent Probes for Viruses and Toxins 200 9.6 Conclusion 202 Acknowledgments 202 References 202 10 Aggregation-Induced Emission Dyes for In Vivo Functional Bioimaging 205 Jun Qian, Dan Wang, and Sailing He 10.1 Introduction 205 10.2 AIE Dyes for Macro In Vivo Functional Bioimaging 206 10.2.1 AIE dye-encapsulated phospholipid–PEG nanomicelles 206 10.2.2 AIE dye-encapsulated nanomicelles for SLN mapping of mice 206 10.2.3 AIE dye-encapsulated nanomicelles for tumor targeting of mice 212 10.2.4 Other types of AIE-nanoparticles for in vivo functional bioimaging 217 10.3 Multiphoton-Induced Fluorescence from AIE Dyes and Applications in In Vivo Functional Microscopic Imaging 219 10.3.1 Two- and three-photon-induced fluorescence of AIE dyes 219 10.3.2 AIE dye-encapsulated nanomicelles for two-photon blood vessel imaging of live mice 223 10.3.3 AIE dye-encapsulated nanomicelles for two-photon brain imaging of live mice 226 10.4 Summary and Perspectives 228 Acknowledgments 230 References 230 11 Specific Light-Up Bioprobes with Aggregation-Induced Emission Characteristics for Protein Sensing 234 Jing Liang, Haibin Shi, Ben Zhong Tang, and Bin Liu 11.1 Introduction 234 11.2 In Vitro Detection of Integrin avb3 Using a TPS-Based Probe 235 11.2.1 Detection mechanisms 236 11.2.2 Synthesis and characterization of the TPS-2cRGD probe 236 11.2.3 Detection of integrin in solutions 238 11.2.4 In vitro sensing of integrin in cancer cells 239 11.3 Real-Time Monitoring of Cell Apoptosis and Drug Screening with a TPE-Based Probe 240 11.3.1 Design principles 240 11.3.2 Synthesis and characterization of Ac-DEVEK-TPE probe 241 11.3.3 Detection of caspase and kinetic study of caspase activities in solutions 242 11.3.4 Imaging of cell apoptosis and screening of apoptosis-inducing agents 243 11.4 In Vivo Monitoring of Cell Apoptosis and Drug Screening with PyTPE-Based Probe 246 11.4.1 Working principles 246 11.4.2 Synthesis and characterization of DEVD-PyTPE probe 247 11.4.3 Monitoring of caspase activities in solutions 248 11.4.4 In vitro and in vivo imaging of cell apoptosis 248 11.5 Conclusion 250 Acknowledgments 250 References 251 12 Applications of Aggregation-Induced Emission Materials in Biotechnology 254 Yuning Hong, Jacky W.Y. Lam, and Ben Zhong Tang 12.1 Introduction 254 12.2 AIE Materials for Nucleic Acid Studies 255 12.2.1 Quantitation and gel visualization of DNA and RNA 255 12.2.2 Specific probing of G-quadruplex DNA formation 257 12.3 AIE Materials for Protein Studies 258 12.3.1 Quantitation and PAGE staining of proteins 258 12.3.2 Fluorescence immunoassay by AIE materials 261 12.3.3 Monitoring of the unfolding/refolding process of human serum albumin 261 12.3.4 Monitoring and inhibition of amyloid fibrillation of insulin 262 12.4 AIE Materials for Live Cell Imaging 264 12.4.1 AIE bioprobes for long-term cell tracking 264 12.4.2 AIE nanoparticles for cell staining 264 12.5 Conclusion 266 References 267 Index 271
ANJUN QINDepartment of Polymer Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, China BEN ZHONG TANGDepartment of Chemistry, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, China
Aggregation-Induced Emission (AIE) is a novel photophysical phenomenon which offers a new platform APPLICATIONS for researchers to look into the light-emitting processes from luminogen aggregates, from which useful information on structure–property relationships may be collected and mechanistic insights may be gained. The discovery of the AIE effect opens a new avenue for the development of new luminogen materials in the aggregate or solid state. By enabling light emission in the practically useful solid state, AIE has the potential to significantly expand the technological applications of luminescent materials. Aggregation-Induced Emission: Applications is the first book to explore the high-tech applications of AIE luminogens, including technological utilizations of AIE materials in the areas of electroluminescence, mechanochromism, chiral recognition, ionic sensing, biomolecule detection, and cell imaging. Potential applications in room temperature phosphorescence, liquid crystals, circularly polarized luminescence, and organic lasing are also introduced in this volume. Topics covered include: AIE materials for electroluminescence applications Liquid crystals with AIE characteristics Mechanochromic AIE materials Chiral recognition and enantiomeric differentiation based on AIE AIE and applications of aryl-substituted pyrrole derivatives New chemo-/biosensors with AIE-active molecules AIE luminogens for in vivo functional bioimaging Applications of AIE materials in biotechnology This book is essential reading for scientists and engineers who are designing optoelectronic materials and biomedical sensors, and will also be of interest to academic researchers in materials science, physical and synthetic organic chemistry as well as physicists and biological chemists.

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