Details

A Practical Introduction to Human-in-the-Loop Cyber-Physical Systems


A Practical Introduction to Human-in-the-Loop Cyber-Physical Systems


Wiley - IEEE 1. Aufl.

von: David Nunes, Jorge Sá Silva, Fernando Boavida

88,99 €

Verlag: Wiley-IEEE Press
Format: EPUB
Veröffentl.: 08.11.2017
ISBN/EAN: 9781119377788
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 320

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Beschreibungen

The first book focusing on one of the hottest new topics in Internet of Things systems research and development Studies estimate that by 2020 we will have a vast Internet of Things (IoT) network comprising 26 billion connected devices, including everything from light bulbs to refrigerators, coffee makers to cars. From the beginning, the concept of cyber-physical systems (CPS), or the sensing and control of physical phenomena through networks of devices that work together to achieve common goals, has been implicit in the IoT enterprise. This book focuses on the increasingly hot topic of Human-in-the-loop Cyber-Physical Systems (HiTLCPS)—CPSs that incorporate human responses in IoT equation. Why have we not yet integrated the human component into CPSs? What are the major challenges to achieving HiTLCPS? How can we take advantage of ubiquitous sensing platforms, such as smartphones and personal devices to achieve that goal? While mature HiTLCPS designs have yet to be achieved, or a general consensus reached on underlying HiTLCPS requirements, principles, and theory, researchers and developers worldwide are on the cusp of realizing them. With contributions from researchers at the cutting edge of HiTLCPS R&D, this book addresses many of these questions from the theoretical and practical points of view. An essential primer on a rapidly emerging Internet-of-Things concept, focusing on human-centric applications Discusses new topics which, until now, have only been available in research papers scattered throughout the world literature Addressed fundamental concepts in depth while providing practical insights into the development of complete HiTLCPS systems Includes a companion website containing full source-code for all of the applications described This book is an indispensable resource for researchers and app developers eager to explore HiTL concepts and include them into their designs. It is also an excellent primer for advanced undergraduates and graduate students studying IoT, CPS, and HiTLCPS.
List of Figures xi List of Tables xvii Foreword xix Preface xxi Acknowledgments xxiii Acronyms xxv 1 Introduction 1 1.1 The rise of CyberPhysical Systems 1 1.2 Humans as Elements of CyberPhysical Systems 4 1.3 Objectives and Structure 7 PART I EVOLUTION AND THEORY 2 Evolution of HiTL Technologies 3 2.1 "Things", Sensors and the Real World 3 2.2 Human Sensing and Virtual Communities 9 2.3 In summary... 14 3 Theory of HiTLCPSs 17 3.1 Taxonomies for HiTLCPSs 17 3.2 Data Acquisition 20 3.3 State Inference 22 3.4 Actuation 24 3.5 In summary... 24 4 HiTL Technologies and Applications 27 4.1 Technologies for supporting HiTLCPS 27 4.2 Experimental Projects 37 4.3 In summary... 47 PART II HUMANINTHELOOP: HANDSON 5 A Sample App 51 5.1 A Sample Behavior Change Intervention App 51 5.2 The Sample App’s Base Architecture 52 5.3 Enhancing the Sample App with HiTL EmotionAwareness 59 5.4 In summary... 64 6 Setting up the Development Environment 67 6.1 Installing Android Studio 67 6.2 Cloning the Android Project 72 6.3 Deploying the Server 81 6.4 Testing the Sample App 97 6.5 In summary... 99 7 Data Acquisition 101 7.1 Creating the EmotionTasker 101 7.2 Processing sensory data 108 7.3 In summary... 117 8 State Inference 119 8.1 Implementing a neural network 119 8.2 Requesting user feedback 123 8.3 Processing user feedback 167 8.4 In summary... 174 9 Actuation 177 9.1 Handling emotions on the server 177 9.2 Finishing up EmotionTasker 208 9.3 Providing positive reinforcement 224 9.4 In summary... 235 PART III FUTURE OF HUMANINTHELOOP CYBERPHYSICAL SYSTEMS 10 Requirements and Challenges for HiTL applications 239 10.1 Resilience 239 10.2 Security and Privacy 240 10.3 Standard Communications 242 10.4 Localization 246 10.5 State Inference 246 10.6 Safety 248 10.7 In summary... 248 11 HumanintheLoop Constraints 251 11.1 Technical limitations 251 11.2 Ethical limitations 254 A EmotionTasker’s full code 259 References 273 Index 285
David Nunes, PhD is an information systems advisor and software developer at the Central Portuguese Bank. He holds a Masters degree in Bioinformatics, and a PhD in Informatics, both from the University of Coimbra, Portugal. Jorge Sá Silva, PhD is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Informatics Engineering at the tUniversity of Coimbra, Portugal. Fernando Boavida, PhD is a Professor in the Department of Informatics Engineering at the University of Coimbra and founder of the University's Laboratory of Communications and Telematics of DEI.
The first book focusing on one of the hottest new topics in Internet-of-Things systems research and development Studies estimate that by 2020 we will have a vast Internet-of-Things (IoT) network comprising 26 billion connected devices, including everything from light bulbs to refrigerators, coffee makers to cars. From the beginning, the concept of cyber-physical systems (CPS), or the sensing and control of physical phenomena through networks of devices that work together to achieve common goals, has been implicit in the IoT enterprise. This book focuses on the increasingly hot topic of Human-in-the-Loop Cyber-Physical Systems (HiTLCPS)—CPS that incorporate human responses in the IoT equation. Why have we not yet integrated the human component into CPS? What are the major challenges to achieving HiTLCPS? How can we take advantage of ubiquitous sensing platforms, such as smartphones and personal devices to achieve that goal? While mature HiTLCPS designs have yet to be achieved, or a general consensus reached on underlying HiTLCPS requirements, principles, and theory, researchers and developers worldwide are on the cusp of realizing them. With contributions from researchers at the cutting edge of HiTLCPS R&D, this book addresses many of these questions from the theoretical and practical points of view. An essential primer on a rapidly emerging Internet-of-Things concept, focusing on human-centric applications. Discusses new topics which, until now, have only been available in research papers scattered throughout international literature Addresses fundamental concepts in depth while providing practical insights into the development of complete HiTLCPS Includes a companion website containing full source-code for all of the applications described This book is an indispensable resource for researchers and app developers eager to explore HiTL concepts and include them in their designs. It is also an excellent primer for advanced undergraduates and graduate students studying IoT, CPS, and HiTLCPS.

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