A Companion to World War I
Wiley Blackwell Companions to World History 1. Aufl.
A Companion to the First World War brings together an international team of distinguished historians who provide a series of original and thought-provoking essays on one of the most devastating events in modern history. Comprises 38 essays by leading scholars who analyze the current state of historical scholarship on the First World War Provides extensive coverage spanning the pre-war period, the military conflict, social, economic, political, and cultural developments, and the war's legacy Offers original perspectives on themes as diverse as strategy and tactics, war crimes, science and technology, and the arts Selected as a 2011 Outstanding Academic Title by CHOICE
List of Maps viii Notes on Contributors ix Editor's Acknowledgments xv Introduction xvi John Horne PART I ORIGINS 1 1 The War Imagined: 1890–1914 3 Gerd Krumeich 2 The War Explained: 1914 to the Present 19 John F. V. Keiger PART II THE MILITARY CONFLICT 33 3 The War Experienced: Command, Strategy, and Tactics, 1914–18 35 Hew Strachan 4 War in the West, 1914–16 49 Holger H. Herwig 5 War in the East and Balkans, 1914–18 66 Dennis Showalter 6 The Italian Front, 1915–18 82 Giorgio Rochat 7 The Turkish War, 1914–18 97 Ulrich Trumpener 8 The War in Africa 112 David Killingray 9 War in the West, 1917–18 127 Robin Prior and Trevor Wilson 10 The War at Sea 141 Paul G. Halpern 11 The War in the Air 156 John H. Morrow, Jr. PART III FACES OF WAR 171 12 Combat 173 Stéphane Audoin-Rouzeau 13 Combatants and Noncombatants: Atrocities, Massacres, and War Crimes 188 Alan Kramer 14 War Aims and Neutrality 202 Jean-Jacques Becker 15 Industrial Mobilization and War Economies 217 Theo Balderston 16 Faith, Ideologies, and the “Cultures of War” 234 Annette Becker 17 Demography 248 Jay Winter 18 Women and Men 263 Susan R. Grayzel 19 Public Opinion and Politics 279 John Horne 20 Military Medicine 295 Sophie Delaporte 21 Science and Technology 307 Anne Rasmussen 22 Intellectuals and Writers 323 Christophe Prochasson 23 The Visual Arts 338 Annette Becker 24 Film and the War 353 Pierre Sorlin PART IV STATES, NATIONS, AND EMPIRES 369 25 Austria-Hungary and “Yugoslavia” 371 Mark Cornwall 26 Belgium 386 Sophie de Schaepdrijver 27 Britain and Ireland 403 Adrian Gregory 28 France 418 Leonard V. Smith 29 Germany 432 Gerhard Hirschfeld 30 German-Occupied Eastern Europe 447 Vejas Gabriel Liulevicius 31 Italy 464 Antonio Gibelli 32 Russia 479 Eric Lohr 33 The Ottoman Empire 494 Hamit Bozarslan 34 The United States 508 Jennifer D. Keene 35 The French and British Empires 524 Robert Aldrich and Christopher Hilliard PART V LEGACIES 541 36 The Peace Settlement, 1919–39 543 Carole Fink 37 War after the War: Conflicts, 1919–23 558 Peter Gatrell 38 Mourning and Memory, 1919–45 576 Laurence Van Ypersele Select Primary Sources 591 Extended Bibliography 601 Index 634
Selected as CHOICE Outstanding Academic Title for 2011 - 3.01.12 'The recipe for this volume's success is simple: take 30 or so of today's leading specialists, provide them with five broad categories in which to articulate their understanding of this conflict, insist that bibliography be a priority, and oversee the project with a scholar who is himself a respected, widely published authority. The book's 38 essays are grouped to treat five aspects of the struggle: origins, conduct, culture, a survey of the major individual states involved, and a finale that treats the peace conference and the war's aftermath....[A] superb one-stop portal into the period.' Choice 'Horne is to be congratulated for editing such a disparate group of essays into a cohesive whole'. Reviews in History 'This substantial and comprehensive work is an important contribution to the literature of a conflict central to the history of the modern world.' Reference Reviews 'In its scope, its detail and the quality of scholarship and writing, this book certainly fulfils the aims of the Blackwell Companions in presenting up-to-date research in a way that is accessible for both those studying the subject and those with a general interest . It will provide both with a useful resource, but is perhaps most effective as a resource used by students on courses dealing with the war or modern conflicts more broadly, providing potted histories of important aspects of the Great War across the globe. The attention given to fronts other than France and Flanders, and nations other than those that fought there, is both laudable and effective, a useful corrective the Euro-centrism that often affects English-language works on the Great War.' H-Soz-u-Kult
John Horne is Professor of Modern European History at Trinity College, Dublin, and a member of the Research Centre at the Historial de la Grande Guerre, Péronne, France. He has published widely on the history of the Great War and of twentieth-century France, including Labour at War: France and Britain, 1914-1918 (ed., 1991), State, Society and Mobilization in Europe during the First World War (1997) and (with Alan Kramer), Germany Atrocities, 1914: A History of Denial (2001), which has appeared in French and German.
A Companion to the First World War brings together a team of distinguished historians from 10 countries who contribute 38 substantial and thought-provoking chapters. The volume opens with a section on the state of the world before 1914, as it prepared for war without anticipating its true nature, and concludes with an examination of the conflict's military, diplomatic, and cultural legacies. In addition to covering the military history of the war and the individual states involved, contributors explore major themes such as war crimes, occupations, film, and gender. Reflecting the latest historical research, this Companion enriches our understanding of the origins, nature, and impact of what remains one of the most devastating events in modern history.
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