A Companion to Women in the Ancient World
Blackwell Companions to the Ancient World, Band 165 1. Aufl.
Selected by Choice as a 2012 Outstanding Academic Title Awarded a 2012 PROSE Honorable Mention as a Single Volume Reference/Humanities & Social Sciences A Companion to Women in the Ancient World presents an interdisciplinary, methodologically-based collection of newly-commissioned essays from prominent scholars on the study of women in the ancient world. The first interdisciplinary, methodologically-based collection of readings to address the study of women in the ancient world Explores a broad range of topics relating to women in antiquity, including: Mother-Goddess Theory; Women in Homer, Pre-Roman Italy, the Near East; Women and the Family, the State, and Religion; Dress and Adornment; Female Patronage; Hellenistic Queens; Imperial Women; Women in Late Antiquity; Early Women Saints; and many more Thematically arranged to emphasize the importance of historical themes of continuity, development, and innovation Reconsiders much of the well-known evidence and preconceived notions relating to women in antiquity Includes contributions from many of the most prominent scholars associated with the study of women in antiquity
List of Illustrations ix Notes on Contributors xvi Preface and Acknowledgments xxii Abbreviations xxiii Maps xxvi Introduction 1 PART I Women Outside Athens and Rome 5 Case Study I: The Mother Goddess in Prehistory: Debates and Perspectives 7Lauren Talalay 1 Women in Ancient Mesopotamia 11Amy R. Gansell 2 Hidden Voices: Unveiling Women in Ancient Egypt 25Kasia Szpakowska 3 Looking for Minoan and Mycenaean Women: Paths of Feminist Scholarship Towards the Aegean Bronze Age 38Marianna Nikolaïdou 4 Women in Homer 54Cristiana Franco 5 Etruscan Women: Towards a Reappraisal 66Vedia Izzet PART II The Archaic and Classical Periods 79 Case Study II: Sex and the Single Girl: The Cologne Fragment of Archilochus 81Sharon L. James 6 Woman, City, State: Theories, Ideologies, and Concepts in the Archaic and Classical Periods 84Madeleine M. Henry and Sharon L. James 7 Women and Law 96Barbara Levick 8 Women and Medicine 107Holt Parker 9 Reading the Bones: Interpreting the Skeletal Evidence for Women’s Lives in Ancient Greece 125Maria A. Liston 10 Approaches to Reading Attic Vases 141Kathryn Topper 11 Spartan Girls and the Athenian Gaze 153Jenifer Neils 12 Interpreting Women in Archaic and Classical Greek Sculpture 167A. A. Donohue 13 Dress and Adornment in Archaic and Classical Greece 179Mireille M. Lee 14 Women and Religion in Greece 191Eva Stehle 15 Women and Roman Religion 204Lora L. Holland 16 Women in Magna Graecia 215Gillian Shepherd PART III Women in a Cosmopolitan World: The Hellenistic and Late Republican Periods 229 Case Study III: Hellenistic Tanagra Figurines 231Sheila Dillon Case Study IV: Domestic Female Slaves in Roman Comedy 235Sharon L. James 17 Female Patronage in the Greek Hellenistic and Roman Republican Periods 238Anne Bielman 18 Women on Hellenistic Grave Stelai: Reading Images and Texts 249Christina A. Salowey 19 Female Portraiture in the Hellenistic Period 263Sheila Dillon 20 Women and Family in Menander 278Cheryl A. Cox 21 Gender and Space, “Public” and “Private” 288Monika Trümper 22 Oikos Keeping: Women and Monarchy in the Macedonian Tradition 304Elizabeth D. Carney 23 The Women of Ptolemaic Egypt: The View from Papyrology 316Maryline Parca 24 Jewish Women: Texts and Contexts 329Laura S. Lieber 25 Women, Education, and Philosophy 343Marguerite Deslauriers 26 Perceptions of Women’s Power in the Late Republic: Terentia, Fulvia, and the Generation of 63 BCE 354T. Corey Brennan PART IV The Beginnings of Empire 367 Case Study V: Vergil’s Dido 369Sharon L. James 27 Women in Augustan Rome 372Judith P. Hallett 28 Women in Augustan Literature 385Alison Keith 29 Women on the Bay of Naples 400Eve D’Ambra 30 Early Imperial Female Portraiture 414Elizabeth Bartman 31 Portraits, Prestige, Piety: Images of Women in Roman Egypt 423Christina Riggs PART V From Empire to Christianity 437 Case Study VI: Female Portraiture in Palmyra 439Maura K. Heyn 32 Women in Imperial Roman Literature 442Rhiannon Ash 33 Female Portraiture and Female Patronage in the High Imperial Period 453Rachel Meyers 34 Women in Roman Britain 467Lindsay Allason-Jones 35 Public Roles for Women in the Cities of the Latin West 478Emily A. Hemelrijk 36 Rari exempli femina: Female Virtues on Roman Funerary Inscriptions 491Werner Riess 37 Women in Late Antique Egypt 502Jennifer Sheridan Moss 38 Representations of Women in Late Antiquity and Early Byzantium 513Ioli Kalavrezou 39 Becoming Christian 524Ross S. Kraemer Appendix: Women in Late Antiquity (Apart from Egypt): A Bibliography 539 References 545 Index of Women 605 Subject Index 611
"This companion without doubt succeeds in its mission, while advocating for the further inclusion of women in antiquity in both scholarship and teaching." (The Classical Journal, 3 May 2013) "This is a fascinating study, one which will feed into much current thought and discussion, lead to more links being made between periods, between genres and opening up the world of the ancient woman to further scrutiny and understanding, perhaps even more scholarship." (Reference Reviews, 1 October 2012) Named CHOICE Outstanding Title for 2012"While the scope of topics here is massive and not every subject has been covered, this is an invaluable compilation of great breadth and a valuable resource on an important, complex subject." (Choice, 1 September 2012)
Sharon L. James is Associate Professor of Classics at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. She is the author of Learned Girls and Male Persuasion: Gender and Reading in Roman Love Elegy (2003), and the forthcoming Women in Greek and Roman New Comedy.Sheila Dillon is Associate Professor in the Department of Art, Art History & Visual Studies at Duke University with a secondary appointment in the Department of Classical Studies. She is the author of Ancient Greek Portrait Sculpture (2006), and The Female Portrait Statue in the Greek World (2010).
A Companion to Women in the Ancient World is the first interdisciplinary, methodologically-based collection of readings to address the study of women in the ancient world while weaving textual, visual, and archaeological evidence into its approach. Prominent scholars tackle the myriad problems inherent in the interpretation of the evidence, and consider the biases and interpretive categories inherited from centuries of scholarship. Essays and case studies cover an unprecedented breadth of chronological and geographical range, genres, and themes. Illuminating and insightful, A Companion to Women in the Ancient World both challenges preconceived notions and paves the way for new directions in research on women in antiquity.