A Companion to the Roman Republic
Blackwell Companions to the Ancient World 1. Aufl.
This Companion provides an authoritative and up-to-date overview of Roman Republican history as it is currently practiced. Highlights recent developments, including archaeological discoveries, fresh approaches to textual sources, and the opening up of new areas of historical study Retains the drama of the Republic’s rise and fall Emphasizes not just the evidence of texts and physical remains, but also the models and assumptions that scholars bring to these artefacts Looks at the role played by the physical geography and environment of Italy Offers a compact but detailed narrative of military and political developments from the birth of the Roman Republic through to the death of Julius Caesar Discusses current controversies in the field
List of Maps x List of Illustrations xi Notes on Contributors xiv Maps xix Abbreviations xxvii Preface xxviii Robert Morstein-Marx and Nathan Rosenstein Part I Introductory 1 1 Methods, Models, and Historiography 3Martin JehneTranslated by Robert Morstein-Marx and Benjamin Wolkow 2 Literary Sources 29Edward Bispham 3 Epigraphy and Numismatics 51Mark Pobjoy 4 The Topography and Archaeology of Republican Rome 81Mario TorelliTranslated by Helena Fracchia 5 The Physical Geography and Environment of Republican Italy 102Simon Stoddart Part II Narrative 123 6 Between Myth and History: Rome’s Rise from Village to Empire (the Eighth Century to 264) 125Kurt A. Raaflaub 7 Mediterranean Empire (264–134) 147Daniel J. Gargola 8 From the Gracchi to the First Civil War (133–70) 167C. F. Konrad 9 The Final Crisis (69–44) 190W. Jeffrey Tatum Part III Civic Structures 213 10 Communicating with the Gods 215Jörg Rüpke 11 Law in the Roman Republic 236Michael C. Alexander 12 The Constitution of the Roman Republic 256John A. North 13 Army and Society 278Paul Erdkamp Part IV Society 297 14 Social Structure and Demography 299Neville Morley 15 Finding Roman Women 324Beryl Rawson Part V Political Culture 343 16 The City of Rome 345John R. Patterson 17 Aristocratic Values 365Nathan Rosenstein 18 Popular Power in the Roman Republic 383Alexander Yakobson 19 Patronage 401Elizabeth DeniauxTranslated by Robert Morstein-Marx and Robert Martz 20 Rhetoric and Public Life 421Jean-Michel DavidTranslated by Robert Morstein-Marx and Robert Martz 21 The Republican Body 439Anthony Corbeill Part VI The Creation of a Roman Identity 457 22 Romans and Others 459Erich S. Gruen 23 History and Collective Memory in the Middle Republic 478Karl-J. Hölkeskamp 24 Art and Architecture in the Roman Republic 496Katherine E. Welch 25 Literature 543William W. Batstone Part VII Controversies 565 26 Conceptualizing Roman Imperial Expansion under the Republic: An Introduction 567Arthur M. Eckstein 27 The Economy: Agrarian Change During the Second Century 590Luuk de Ligt 28 Rome and Italy 606John R. Patterson 29 The Transformation of the Republic 625Robert Morstein-Marx and Nathan Rosenstein Bibliography 638 Index 695
"This book, which will be many things to many readers, will be valuable as a modern source and as a reference work vital in what is the ever increasing complex world of ancient historical research." (Scholia Reviews, 2009) "Students cannot fail to benefit from the eminent collaborators [in this Companion].... Individual contributions have much for anyone keen to catch up." (Greece & Rome, 2008) "It does provide readable, expert surveys of the rise of Roman power in the Mediterranean in the formative imperial era. In addition to chapters on political and social topics, this Companion offers fine surveys of topography, literature and literary sources, law, art and architecture, and Roman 'cultural identity.'...Highly recommended." ( Choice) “[Authors] do an excellent job of re-packaging Roman Republican history … and I applaud their efforts to provide … interesting debates within recent scholarship.” ( New England Classical Journal)
Nathan Rosenstein is Professor of History at the Ohio State University. He is the author of Imperatores Victi (1990) and Rome at War (2004), and coeditor of War and Society in the Ancient and Medieval Worlds (2001). Robert Morstein-Marx is Professor of Classics at the University of California, Santa Barbara. He is the author of Hegemony to Empire: The Development of the Roman Imperium in the East (1995) and Mass Oratory and Political Power in the Late Roman Republic (2004).
This Companion provides an authoritative and up-to-date overview of Roman republican history as it is currently practiced. The volumetakes account of recent developments that have enriched our picture of the Republic. These include the continuing archaeological exploration of Italy, increasingly sophisticated approaches to textual sources, and the opening up of new areas of historical study and debate such as the nature of the republican political system, Roman identity formation, representation of the body, collective memory, and demography and social structure. At the same time, the book retains the drama of the Republic’s rise and fall. The Companion is divided into three parts. The opening section emphasizes both the evidence of texts and physical remains, and the models and assumptions that scholars bring to these artifacts. This section includes coverage of the role played by the physical geography and environment of Italy. The second part offers a compact but detailed narrative of military and political developments from the birth of Rome through to the death of Julius Caesar; while the third and longest part highlights recent research and current controversies in the field.
"A Companion to the Roman Republic is a really exciting new resource. The contributors are individually heavy-hitters and collectively form a first-rate international team. The work covers not just the topics one would have counted on but other new ones that deserve to become canonical. I’m happy that this work is now available both for myself and for my students." –Andrew M. Riggsby, University of Texas, Austin "A comprehensive work … It far outstrips any competitor in this subject … I only wish it had been available when I was teaching the Late Republic." –John Murrell, Journal of Classics Teaching "A kaleidoscopic variety of points of views and insightful commentaries that finally does justice to the complexity of the subject and of its possible interpretations, while always remaining readable and clear." –Nicola Terrenato, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill