A Companion to the Roman Army
Blackwell Companions to the Ancient World 1. Aufl.
This companion provides an extensive account of the Roman army, exploring its role in Roman politics and society as well as the reasons for its effectiveness as a fighting force. An extensive account of the Roman army, from its beginnings to its transformation in the later Roman Empire Examines the army as a military machine – its recruitment, training, organization, tactics and weaponry Explores the relationship of the army to Roman politics, economics and society more broadly Considers the geography and climate of the lands in which the Romans fought Each chapter is written by a leading expert in a particular subfield and takes account of the latest scholarly and archaeological research in that area
List of Illustrations x Notes on Contributors xii Abbreviations of Reference Works and Journals xvii Abbreviations of Works of Classical Literature xxii Introduction 1Paul Erdkamp Part I Early Rome 5 1 Warfare and the Army in Early Rome 7John Rich 2 The Army and Centuriate Organization in Early Rome 24Gary Forsythe Part II Mid- and Late Republic 43 3 Army and Battle During the Conquest of Italy (350–264 bc) 45Louis Rawlings 4 The Age of Overseas Expansion (264–146 bc) 63Dexter Hoyos 5 The Late Republican Army (146–30 bc) 80Pierre Cagniart 6 War and State Formation in the Roman Republic 96Paul Erdkamp 7 Roman Manpower and Recruitment During the Middle Republic 114Luuk de Ligt 8 Military Command, Political Power, and the Republican Elite 132Nathan Rosenstein 9 Colonization, Land Distribution, and Veteran Settlement 148Will Broadhead 10 Army and General in the Late Roman Republic 164Lukas de Blois Part III The Empire (Actium to Adrianople) 181 The Structure of the Imperial Army 11 The Augustan Reform and the Structure of the Imperial Army 183Kate Gilliver 12 Classes. The Evolution of the Roman Imperial Fleets 201D. B. Saddington 13 Battle, Tactics, and the Emergence of the Limites in the West 218James Thorne 14 The Army and the Limes in the East 235Everett L. Wheeler 15 Strategy and Army Structure between Septimius Severus and Constantine the Great 267Karl Strobel Military Organization 16 Military Documents, Languages, and Literacy 286Sara Elise Phang 17 Finances and Costs of the Roman Army 306Peter Herz 18 War- and Peacetime Logistics: Supplying Imperial Armies in East and West 323Peter Kehne Army, Emperor, and Empire 19 The Roman Army and Propaganda 339Olivier Hekster 20 The Army and the Urban Elite: A Competition for Power 359Clifford Ando 21 Making Emperors. Imperial Instrument or Independent Force? 379Anthony R. Birley Soldiers and Veterans in Society 22 Military Camps, Canabae, and Vici. The Archaeological Evidence 395Norbert Hanel 23 Marriage, Families, and Survival: Demographic Aspects 417Walter Scheidel 24 Recruits and Veterans 435Gabriele Wesch-Klein 25 The Religions of the Armies 451Oliver Stoll Part IV The Late Roman Empire (up to Justinian) 477 26 Warlords and Landlords 479Wolf Liebeschuetz 27 The Foederati 495Timo Stickler 28 Army and Society in the Late Roman World: A Context for Decline? 515Michael Whitby 29 Army and Battle in the Age of Justinian (527–65) 532Hugh Elton Index locorum 551 Index 555
"It is an excellent academic reference book and should prove a valuable resource for anyone interested in the development of the Roman Army as well as its interactions over a thousand years with the Empire it both served and influenced". (UNRV History, 1 April 2011)
Paul Erdkamp is Research Fellow in Ancient History at Leiden University. He is author of Hunger and the Sword: Warfare and Food Supply in Roman Republican Wars (264–30 BC) (1998) and The Grain Market in the Roman Empire (2005), and editor of The Roman Army and the Economy (2002).
Ancient Rome was a highly militaristic culture, at war almost annually throughout the period of the republic. The expert contributors to this volume delve into this culture, offering an extensive account of the Roman army, from its beginnings to its transformation in the later Roman Empire. Taking account of the latest scholarly and archaeological research, they examine the recruitment, training, organization, tactics, and weaponry that contributed to Rome’s effectiveness as a fighting machine. The volume recognizes that, as a military force, the Roman army functioned in a landscape and was an integral part of Roman politics and society. The contributors therefore also explore the ecological, economic, social, and political factors that help to explain the characteristic features of the army and its development over time, covering such topics as: demography and manpower, the army as a community, the religions of the soldiers, the emperor as military commander, and veterans in society.
"This book is a valuable work for the reference shelf and a bible for military buffs." (Greece & Rome, 2008) “This volume is another in the growing range of period- or topic-focused Companions to the Ancient World published by Blackwell. The Roman army, as a central institution and influence in so many aspects of Roman imperial history, is an obvious subject for such a volume. Like other volumes in the series, this one boasts an impressive range of international authors, and the scholarship is of a very high order.” (New England Classical Journal, February 2009) “It is no easy task to commission and co-ordinate 29 separate contributions, and the editor's energy in doing so should be recognized. The volume will happily sit on an academic bookshelf … as a handy compendium of the views of the individual authors.” (Bryn Mawr Classical Review, October 2008) “The most extensive and likely best researched overview on the Roman army that is currently available.” (Ancient Warfare) "Highly readable, informative, and up-to-date survey…The book constitutes an outstanding resource for many topics concerning the Roman army…there is much to interest laymen…and scholars alike.” (Choice) "It is particularly valuable in providing up-to-date accounts of the army's manifold aspect and the bibliographies to support them." (Scholia Reviews)
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