A Companion to the Philosophy of History and Historiography
Blackwell Companions to Philosophy 1. Aufl.
The fifty entries in this Companion cover the main issues in the philosophies of historiography and history, including natural history and the practices of historians. Written by an international and multi-disciplinary group of experts A cutting-edge updated picture of current research in the field Part of the renowned Blackwell Companions series
List of Contributors ix Acknowledgments xi Glossary of Terms xii 1 Introduction 1Aviezer Tucker Part I Major Fields 7 2 Philosophy of Historiography 9Peter Kosso 3 Philosophy of History 26ZdenFk VaSíCek 4 Philosophical Issues in Natural History and Its Historiography 44Carol E. Cleland 5 Historians and Philosophy of Historiography 63John Zammito Part II Basic Problems 85 6 Historiographic Evidence and Confirmation 87Mark Day and Gregory Radick 7 Causation in Historiography 98Aviezer Tucker 8 Historiographic Counterfactuals 109Elazar Weinryb 9 Historical Necessity and Contingency 120Yemima Ben-Menahem 10 Explanation in Historiography 131Graham Macdonald and Cynthia Macdonald 11 Historiographic Understanding 142Giuseppina D’Oro 12 Colligation 152C. Behan McCullagh 13 The Laws of History 162Stephan Berry 14 Historiographic Objectivity 172Paul Newall 15 Realism about the Past 181Murray Murphey 16 Anti-realism about the Past 190Fabrice Pataut 17 Narrative and Interpretation 199F. R. Ankersmit 18 The Ontology of the Objects of Historiography 209Lars Udehn 19 Origins: Common Causes in Historiographic Reasoning 220Aviezer Tucker 20 Phylogenetic Inference 231Matt Haber 21 Historicism 243Robert D’Amico 22 Ethics and the Writing of Historiography 253Jonathan Gorman 23 Logical Fallacies of Historians 262Paul Newall 24 Historical Fallacies of Historians 274Carlos Spoerhase and Colin G. King Part III Philosophy and Sub-fields of Historiography 285 25 Philosophy of History of Science 287Nicholas Jardine 26 Philosophies of Historiography and the Social Sciences 297Harold Kincaid 27 The Philosophy of Evolutionary Theory 307Michael Ruse 28 The Philosophy of Geology 318Rob Inkpen 29 Philosophy of Archaeology 330Ben Jeffares 30 Reductionism: Historiography and Psychology 342Cynthia Macdonald and Graham Macdonald 31 Historiography and Myth 353Mary Lefkowitz 32 Historiography and Memory 362Marie-Claire Lavabre 33 Historiographic Schools 371Christopher Lloyd Part IV Classical Schools and Philosophers of Historiography and History 381 34 Leopold Ranke 383Thomas Gil 35 Scientific Historiography 393Chris Lorenz 36 Darwin 404John S. Wilkins 37 Logical Empiricism and Logical Positivism 416Krzysztof Brzechczyn 38 Jewish and Christian Philosophy of History 427Samuel Moyn 39 Muslim Philosophy of History 437Zaid Ahmad 40 Vico 446Joseph Mali 41 Kant and Herder 457Sharon Anderson-Gold 42 Hegel 468Tom Rockmore 43 Neo-Kantianism 477Charles Bambach 44 Marx 488Tom Rockmore 45 Collingwood and Croce 498Stein Helgeby 46 Phenomenology 508David Weberman 47 Jan Patocka 518Ivan Chvatík 48 Hermeneutics 529Rudolf A. Makkreel 49 Postmodernism 540Beverley Southgate 50 Philosophy of History at the End of the Cold War 550Krishan Kumar Index 561
"Like the encompassing nature of the other volumes in the Blackwell Companion to Philosophy series, undergraduate students and scholars with a serious interest in philosophical problems related to history and historiography should benefit from the newest Companion." (Reviews in Religion & Theology, 2012) "This volume does a fine job of showing the field's connections to many of the central concerns of contemporary philosophy. Part Four offers essays addressing the traditional schools and issues of philosophy of history and historiography, as well as valuable essays on postmodernism, Muslim philosophy of history, and philosophy of history at the end of the Cold War, among other topics. Recommended." (Choice, June 2009) "Tucker is to be congratulated…for conceiving of this work, and for soliciting, selecting, organizing, and editing its essays—all of which were written especially for the volume. [E]ach essay presents a particular author's take on a subject, often ending with further questions and suggestions. In this way it resembles a conversational partner who accompanies one along the way, stimulating further reflection as well as providing interesting information and observations. A companion literally is someone who breaks bread with another (com: with; panis: bread), and it certainly is the case that these essays—so clearly written, so mercifully manageable in length, and so sharp in focus—collectively and individually provide a great deal of food for thought. [T]he range and scope of the volume…is impressive by any standard. The fact that the authors are world-class authorities in the areas in which they are writing, and that they have made a special effort (prodded, no doubt, by its editor), to write in clear, jargon-free prose, makes evident the appeal and usefulness of the book. Too, the book is handsomely produced and well copy-edited by Wiley-Blackwell." (Brian Fay, Journal of the Philosophy of History)
Aviezer Tucker is a Gvirtzman Memorial Foundation Fellow and teaches at the CEVRO Institute in Prague. He held research positions at the Australian National University, New York University, Columbia University and the Central European University in Prague. He is the author of Our Knowledge of the Past: A Philosophy of Historiography (2004) and a past president of the Society for the Philosophy of History.
The philosophy of historiography examines our representations and knowledge of the past, the relation between evidence, inference, explanation and narrative. Do we possess knowledge of the past? Do we just have probable beliefs about the past, or is historiography a piece of convincing fiction? The philosophy of history is the direct philosophical examination of history, whether it is necessary or contingent, whether it has a direction or whether it is coincidental, and if it has a direction, what it is, and how and why it is unfolding? The fifty entries in this companion cover the main issues in the philosophies of historiography and history, including natural history and the practices of historians. Written by an international and multi-disciplinary group of experts, these clearly written entries present a cutting-edge updated picture of current research in the philosophies of historiography and history. This companion will be of interest to philosophers, historians, natural historians, and social scientists.
"Since the writing of history is part of the humanities, the social sciences, and the natural sciences, the philosophical questions pertaining thereto have often been isolated from each other. Not so here. This volume is full of riches." –Elliott Sober, University of Wisconsin "Anyone interested in thinking about history, from the great systems to analyzing how historians support their truth claims, will find these expert essays a splendid introduction." –Richard Vann, Senior Editor, History and Theory
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