A Companion to the Meuse-Argonne Campaign
Wiley Blackwell Companions to American History 1. Aufl.
A Companion to the Meuse-Argonne Campaign explores the single largest and bloodiest battle in American military history, including its many controversies, in historiographical essays that reflect the current state of the field. Presents original essays on the French and German participation in ? and perspectives on ? this important event Makes use of original archival research from the United States, France, and Germany Contributors include WWI scholars from France, Germany, the United States, and the United Kingdom Essays examine the military, social, and political consequences of the Meuse-Argonne and points the way for future scholarship in this area
Notes on Contributors Viii Introduction 1 Edward G. Lengel Part I The Big Picture 5 1 Background to the Meuse-Argonne 7 Edward G. Lengel with James Lacey 2 Preparations 21 Brian F. Neumann Part II Combat 37 3 The Chance of a Miracle at Montfaucon 39 William T. Walker, Jr. 4 The Battle of Blanc Mont 59 Christopher A. Shaw 5 The Lost Battalion 74 Kevin Mulberger and Edward G. Lengel 6 Clearing the Argonne 85 Edward A. Gutiérrez 7 Cracking the Kriemhilde Stellung: The Combined Actions of the 5th, 32d, and 42d Divisions 103 Nathan A. Jones 8 Storming the Heights of the Meuse: The 29th and 33d Divisions Fight for Control of the High Ground, 8–16 October 121 James S. Price 9 Breakthrough and Pursuit 140 Lon Strauss 10 African Americans in the Meuse-Argonne Offensive 159 Chad Williams 11 Heroes of the Meuse-Argonne 179 James Carl Nelson 12 “Oh, she’s a rather rough war, boys, but she’s better than no war at all”: The Meuse-Argonne Offensive and the Diarists of the Rainbow Division 194 E. Bruce Geelhoed Part III France and Germany in the Meuse-Argonne 213 13 The French Fourth Army in the Meuse-Argonne Campaign 215 Elizabeth Greenhalgh 14 The 111th (German) Infanterie-Regiment by Exermont 232 Randal S. Gaulke 15 The 459th (German) Infanterie-Regiment on the Hindenburg Line 248 Randal S. Gaulke 16 The German High Command during the Meuse-Argonne Offensive: 26 September?31 October 1918 266 Markus Klauer Part IV Perspectives 285 17 “There is a limit to human endurance”: The Challenges to Morale in the Meuse-Argonne Campaign 287 Richard S. Faulkner 18 Airpower during the Meuse-Argonne Offensive: 26 September–11 November 1918 309 Thomas Withington 19 French Armored Support during the First Phase of the Campaign 325 Patrick R. Osborn 20 Artillery in the Meuse-Argonne 340 Justin G. Prince 21 Infantry Tactics in the Meuse-Argonne 357 Jeffrey LaMonica 22 Medical Support for the Meuse-Argonne 374 Sanders Marble 23 Meuse-Argonne Logistics: Barely Enough, Just in Time, Just Long Enough 390 Larry A. Grant 24 Communications in World War I: The Meuse-Argonne Campaign of 1918 410 William P. McEvoy 25 We Can Kill Them but We Cannot Stop Them: Evaluating the Meuse-Argonne Campaign 425 John D. Beatty Part V Lessons 441 26 Changing Views on the Meuse-Argonne Offensive 443 Douglas Mastriano 27 Lessons Learned 457 Michael S. Neiberg 28 Remembering and Forgetting Meuse-Argonne: The Shifting Sands and Partitioned Perspectives of Memory 472 Kathy Warnes 29 The Greatest Battle Ever Forgotten: The Meuse-Argonne Offensive and American Memory 496 Steven Trout Index 515
Edward G. Lengel is Professor and Editor in Chief of the Papers of George Washington documentary editing project at the University of Virginia, and has edited several volumes of the Washington Papers. He is the author of six books, including World War I Memories: An Annotated Bibliography of Personal Accounts Published in English Since 1919 (2004), To Conquer Hell: The Meuse-Argonne, 1918 (2008), This Glorious Struggle: George Washington’s Revolutionary War Letters (2008), and Inventing George Washington: America’s Founder in Myth and Memory (2011). He is editor of A Companion to George Washington (2012, Wiley-Blackwell).
The Meuse-Argonne was the single largest and bloodiest battle in American military history, which defined American military experience in the First World War and profoundly impacted the course of the War and the development of American military doctrine. Yet, despite its size and importance, the battle has up until now received little attention from researchers. A Companion to the Meuse-Argonne Campaign provides an opportunity for World War I scholars to explore numerous facets of this battle, including many controversies about its value, importance, and cause, in historiographical essays that reflect the current state of the field in each instance. The text is organized into seven sections, containing a total of 35 essays which deal with various aspects of this battle and the larger campaign. Narrative chapters are combined with specific episodes within the three broader phases of the month-and-a-half-long campaign as well as thematic essays covering key issues across all the fighting. For the first time original essays are presented on the French and German participation in ? and perspectives on ? this important event, providing a major contribution to our understanding of this crucial event.
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