A Companion to Sparta
Blackwell Companions to the Ancient World 1. Aufl.
The two-volume A Companion to Sparta presents the first comprehensive, multi-authored series of essays to address all aspects of Spartan history and society from its origins in the Greek Dark Ages to the late Roman Empire. Offers a lucid, comprehensive introduction to all aspects of Sparta, a community recognised by contemporary cities as the greatest power in classical Greece Features in-depth coverage of Sparta history and culture contributed by an international cast including almost every noted specialist and scholar in the field Provides over a dozen images of Spartan art that reveal the evolution of everyday life in Sparta Sheds new light on a modern controversy relating to changes in Spartan society from the Archaic to Classical periods
Notes on Contributors ix Foreword by Paul Cartledge xii Preface xvii PART I Reconstructing Sparta: General 1 1 Sparta: Reconstructing History from Secrecy, Lies and Myth 3Anton Powell 2 Sparta: An Exceptional Domination of State over Society? 29Stephen Hodkinson PART II Origins: From Pre-Classical to Classical Culture 59 3 An Archaeology of Ancient Sparta with Reference to Laconia and Messenia 61William Cavanagh 4 Lykourgos the Spartan “Lawgiver”: Ancient Beliefs and Modern Scholarship 93Massimo Nafissi 5 Laconian Pottery 124Maria Pipili 6 Laconian Art 154Francise Prost (Translated by James Roy) 7 Pre?]Classical Sparta as Song Culture 177Claude Calame (Translated by James Roy) 8 Luxury, Austerity and Equality in Sparta 202Hans van Wees 9 The Common Messes 236Hans van Wees PART III Political and Military History: The Classical Period and Beyond 269 10 Sparta and the Persian Wars, 499–478 271Marcello Lupi 11 Sparta’s Foreign – and Internal – History 478–403 291Anton Powell 12 The Empire of the Spartans (404–371) 320Françoise Ruzé(Translated by Anton Powell) 13 Sparta and the Peloponnese from the Archaic Period to 362 bc 354James Roy 14 From Leuktra to Nabis, 371–192 374Daniel Stewart 15 Sparta in the Roman Period 403Yves Lafond(Translated by Anton Powell) Notes on Contributors ix PART IV Culture, Society and Economy: The Classical Period and Beyond 423 16 Spartan Religion 425Michael A. Flower 17 Kingship: The History, Power, and Prerogatives of the Spartans’ ‘Divine’ Dyarchy 452Ellen G. Millender 18 Equality and Distinction within the Spartiate Community 480Philip Davies 19 Spartan Women 500Ellen G. Millender 20 Spartan Education in the Classical Period 525Nicolas Richer (Translated by Anton Powell) 21 Sparta and Athletics 543Paul Christesen 22 Helotage and the Spartan Economy 565Thomas Figueira 23 The Perioikoi 596Jean Ducat(Translated by Anton Powell) 24 Roads and Quarries in Laconia 615Jacqueline Christien (Translated by Christopher Annandale and Anton Powell) 25 Spartan Cultural Memory in the Roman Period 643Nigel M. Kennell PART V Reception of Sparta in Recent Centuries 663 26 The Literary Reception of Sparta in France 665Haydn Mason 27 Reception of Sparta in Germany and German?]Speaking Europe 685Stefan Rebenich 28 Reception of Sparta in North America: Eighteenth to Twenty?]First Centuries 704Sean R. Jensen 29 Sparta and the Imperial Schools of Britain: Comparisons 723Anton Powell Bibliography 760 Index
Anton Powell is Director of the Classical Press of Wales, and an internationally recognized authority on Sparta, Athens, and the Roman Revolution. He founded the International Sparta Seminar, and co-edited a succession of collective volumes which have contributed to the revival and reshaping of Spartan studies. Powell is the author of Athens and Sparta, Third Edition, and editor of Classical Sparta, Sparta at War, and Sparta: The Body Politic, among others.
Presents the first comprehensive, multi-authored series of essays to address all aspects of Spartan history and society from its origins in the Greek Dark Ages to the late Roman Empire. Home to perhaps the most celebrated warrior elite the world has ever known, few societies have left a more enduring legacy than the ancient Greek city-state of Sparta. A Companion to Sparta gives readers a unique and immersive look at this incredible society and its effect on the world. In this two-volume collection, authors combine cutting-edge research and innovative insights of their own with accessible surveys of recent scholarship on Sparta's archaeology and history—from its mist-shrouded origins in the Greek Dark Ages following the collapse of the Mycenaean civilization to the waning days of the late Roman Empire. Along with coverage of the full evolutionary sweep of classical Sparta's politics and warfare, essays highlight cultural topics such as Sparta's distinctive systems of education and religion, athletics, music, plastic art, and vase-painting; as well as its influence on the modern world and reception in Europe and North America. Of particular note are chapters addressing such themes as the unique roles of women, state-owned Helots, and perioikoi (free, yet non-citizen inhabitants) in ancient Spartan society. Offers a lucid, comprehensive introduction to all aspects of ancient Sparta, a community recognized by contemporary cities as the greatest power in classical Greece Features in-depth coverage of Spartan history and culture Includes contributions by today's internationally-recognized scholarly authorities on Sparta Provides over a dozen images of Spartan art that reveal the evolution of everyday life in Sparta Sheds new light on modern controversy relating to changes in Spartan society from the Archaic to Classical periods Unlike any book before it, A Companion to Sparta offers invaluable insights into an ancient warrior society that has fascinated and inspired the Western world for millennia, and will appeal to students and scholars of ancient history, ancient Greece, Classical Greece, and Archaic Greece.
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