A Companion to Simone de Beauvoir
Blackwell Companions to Philosophy 1. Aufl.
The work of Simone de Beauvoir has endured and flowered in the last two decades, thanks primarily to the lasting influence of The Second Sex on the rise of academic discussions of gender, sexuality, and old age. Now, in this new Companion dedicated to her life and writings, an international assembly of prominent scholars, essayists, and leading interpreters reflect upon the range of Beauvoir’s contribution to philosophy as one of the great authors, thinkers, and public intellectuals of the twentieth century. The Companion examines Beauvoir’s rich intellectual life from a variety of angles—including literary, historical, and anthropological perspectives—and situates her in relation to her forbears and contemporaries in the philosophical canon. Essays in each of four thematic sections reveal the breadth and acuity of her insight, from the significance of The Second Sex and her work on the metaphysics of gender to her plentiful contributions in ethics and political philosophy. Later chapters trace the relationship between Beauvoir’s philosophical and literary work and open up her scholarship to global issues, questions of race, and the legacy of colonialism and sexism. The volume concludes by considering her impact on contemporary feminist thought writ large, and features pioneering work from a new generation of Beauvoir scholars. Ambitious and unprecedented in scope, A Companion to Simone de Beauvoir is an accessible and interdisciplinary resource for students, teachers, and researchers across the humanities and social sciences.
Notes on Contributors ix Acknowledgements xvii Introduction 1Laura Hengehold Part I Re?reading The Second Sex 13 A. Reception and scholarship 13 1 Beauvoir’s Transdisciplinarity: From Philosophy to Gender Theory 15Stella Sandford 2 The Intellectual and Social Context of The Second Sex 28Sandra Reineke 3 “The Limits of the Abject.” The Reception of Le Deuxième Sexe in 1949 37Ingrid Galster 4 Simone de Beauvoir and the Race/Gender Analogy in The Second Sex Revisited 47Kathryn T. Gines 5 Two English Translations of Simone de Beauvoir’s The Second Sex 59Emily R. Grosholz B.?Central Themes 71 6 Beauvoir and the Biological Body 73Ruth Groenhout 7 Becoming Bodies 87Emily Anne Parker 8 The Drama of Independence: Narcissism, Childhood, and the Family Complexes 99Emily Zakin ?9 The Second Sexuality: Training in the Work of Simone de Beauvoir and Michel Foucault 111Mary Beth Mader 10 Beauvoir and the Ambiguities of Motherhood 122Alison Stone 11 Laboring with Beauvoir: In Search of the Embodied Subject in Childbirth 134Sara Cohen Shabot 12 Simone de Beauvoir on Motherhood and Destiny 146Nancy Bauer 13 Love – According to Simone de Beauvoir 160Tove Pettersen 14 Why is Woman the Other? 174Tanella Boni Part II?Beauvoir’s Intellectual Engagements 185 15 Beauvoir and Hegel 187Kimberly Hutchings 16 Simone de Beauvoir’s Relation to Hegel’s Absolute 198Zeynep Direk 17 Beauvoir and Merleau?]Ponty 211Jennifer McWeeny 18 Beauvoir and Merleau?]Ponty on Freedom and Authenticity 224William Wilkerson 19 Beauvoir and the Marxism Question 236Sonia Kruks 20 Beauvoir Between Structuralism and “Aleatory Materialism” 249Eva D. Bahovec 21 Unweaving the Threads of Influence: Beauvoir and Sartre 260Christine Daigle Part III?Beyond The Second Sex 271 A. Beauvoir’s Ethics and Political Philosophy 271 22 “Pyrrhus and Cineas”: The Conditions of a Meaningful Life 273Kristana Arp 23 Separation and Queer Connection in The Ethics of Ambiguity 286Laura Hengehold 24 Simone de Beauvoir on Violence and Politics 299Lori J. Marso 25 Why Rape? Lessons from The Second Sex 311Debra Bergoffen 26 Simone de Beauvoir, Women’s Oppression and Existential Freedom 325Patricia Hill Collins B.?Beauvoir and the Art of Philosophical Fiction 339 27 Beauvoir as Literary Writer 341Meryl Altman 28 Simone de Beauvoir and the Dialectic of Desire in L’invitée 356Anne van Leeuwen 29 The Failure of Female Identity in Simone de Beauvoir’s Fiction 367Shannon M. Mussett 30 The Power of Literature: Simone de Beauvoir’s Les Mandarins and the Metaphysical Novel 379Sally J. Scholz C.?Beauvoir’s Scope: Memory, History, and Age 391 31 Beauvoir, Philosophy, and Autobiography 393Margaret A. Simons 32 Witnessing Self, Witnessing Other in Beauvoir’s Life Writings 406Ursula Tidd 33 Simone de Beauvoir: Women and Philosophy of History 418Michel Kail 34 The Postwar World According to Beauvoir 429William McBride 35 Afterlives: Beauvoir’s Old Age and the Intersections of The Second Sex 438Penelope Deutscher Part IV Beauvoir and Contemporary Feminism 449 36 Race after Beauvoir 451Shannon Sullivan 37 Who Is the Subject of The Second Sex? Life, Science, and Transmasculine Embodiment in Beauvoir’s Chapter on Biology 463A. Alexander Antonopoulos 38 Misunderstanding in Paris 478Karen Vintges 39 Beauvoir’s Legacy to the Quartiers: The Changing Face of French Feminism 489Diane Perpich 40 Second Languaging The Second Sex, Its Conceptual Genius: A Translingual Contemporization of “On ne naît pas femme: on le devient.” 500Kyoo Lee Index 514
Laura Hengehold is Associate Professor and Chair of the Department of Philosophy at Case Western Reserve University. A prolific author, her most recent book is Simone de Beauvoir's Philosophy of Individuation: The Problem of The Second Sex. Nancy Bauer is Professor of Philosophy, Dean of the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, and Dean of Academic Affairs for the Tufts University School of Arts and Sciences. She is the author of Simone de Beauvoir, Philosophy, and Feminism.