A Companion to Late Antiquity
Blackwell Companions to the Ancient World, Band 163 1. Aufl.
An accessible and authoritative overview capturing the vitality and diversity of scholarship that exists on the transformative time period known as late antiquity. Provides an essential overview of current scholarship on late antiquity – from between the accession of Diocletian in AD 284 and the end of Roman rule in the Mediterranean Comprises 39 essays from some of the world's foremost scholars of the era Presents this once-neglected period as an age of powerful transformation that shaped the modern world Emphasizes the central importance of religion and its connection with economic, social, and political life Winner of the 2009 Single Volume Reference/Humanities & Social Sciences PROSE award granted by the Association of American Publishers
List of Figures ix List of Maps x Notes on Contributors xi Preface and Acknowledgments xviii List of Abbreviations xxiii 1 Approaching Late Antiquity 1 Wendy Mayer PART I The View from the Future 15 2 The Byzantine Late Antiquity 17 Stratis Papaioannou 3 Late Antiquity in the Medieval West 29 Conrad Leyser 4 Cities of the Mind: Renaissance Views of Early Christian Culture and the End of Antiquity 43 Mark Vessey 5 Narrating Decline and Fall 59 Clifford Ando 6 Late Antiquity in Modern Eyes 77 Stefan Rebenich PART II Land and People 93 7 The Shapes and Shaping of the Late Antique World: Global and Local Perspectives 97 Mark Humphries 8 Mobility and the Traces of Empire 110 Blake Leyerle 9 Information and Political Power 125 Claire Sotinel 10 Mediterranean Cities 139 S. T. Loseby 11 The Archaeological Record: Problems of Interpretation 156 Olof Brandt 12 Inscribing Identity: The Latin Epigraphic Habit in Late Antiquity 170 Dennis E. Trout 13 Gender and the Fall of Rome 187 Kate Cooper 14 Marriage and Family Relationships in the Late Roman West 201 Judith Evans-Grubbs 15 The Church, the Living, and the Dead 220 Eric Rebillard PART III Image and Word 231 16 The Value of a Good Education: Libanius and Public Authority 233 Raffaella Cribiore 17 Textual Communities in Late Antique Christianity 246 Kim Haines-Eitzen 18 Exegesis without End: Forms, Methods, and Functions of Biblical Commentaries 258 Karla Pollmann 19 Tradition, Innovation, and Epistolary Mores 270 Jennifer Ebbeler 20 Visual and Verbal Representation: Image, Text, Person, and Power 285 James A. Francis 21 Christianity and the Transformation of Classical Art 306 Felicity Harley 22 The Discourse of Later Latin 327 Philip Burton 23 Language and Culture in Late Antique Egypt 342 Malcolm Choat 24 Late Antique Historiography: A Brief History of Time 357 David Woods PART IV Empire, Kingdom, and Beyond 373 25 Law in Practice 377 Caroline Humfress 26 The Mirror of Jordanes: Concepts of the Barbarian, Then and Now 392 Andrew Gillett 27 Beyond the Northern Frontiers 409 Guy Halsall 28 From Empire to Kingdoms in the Late Antique West 426 John Vanderspoel 29 Rome and the Sasanid Empire: Confrontation and Coexistence 441 Jan Willem Drijvers 30 Syria, Syriac, Syrian: Negotiating East and West 455 Christine Shepardson 31 Syria and the Arabs 467 David Cook 32 The Early Caliphate and the Inheritance of Late Antiquity (c. AD 610-c. AD 750) 479 Andrew Marsham PART V The Sacred 493 33 Christianization, Secularization, and the Transformation of Public Life 497 Richard Lim 34 The Political Church: Religion and the State 512 Michael Gaddis 35 The Late Antique Bishop: Image and Reality 525 Rita Lizzi Testa 36 The Conduct of Theology and the "Fathers" of the Church 539 Thomas Graumann 37 Defining Sacred Boundaries: Jewish–Christian Relations 556 Naomi Koltun-Fromm 38 Pagans in a Christian Empire 572 Neil McLynn 39 "Not of This World": The Invention of Monasticism 588 Daniel F. Caner Bibliography 601 Index 700
Philip Rousseau is Andrew W. Mellon Professor of Early Christian Studies and Director of the Center for the Study of Early Christianity at the Catholic University of America. He is the author of The Early Christian Centuries (2002), Basil of Caesarea (1994), Pachomius: The Making of a Community in Fourth-Century Egypt (1985), and Ascetics, Authority and the Church in the Age of Jerome (1978). He is the joint editor (with Tomas Hägg) of Greek Biography and Panegyric in Late Antiquity (2000).
The essays collected in this authoritative Companion capture the vitality and diversity of scholarship that exists on the transformative time period known as late antiquity. For the last generation, late antiquity – the time between the accession of Diocletian in AD 284 and the end of Roman rule in the Mediterranean – has come to be regarded as one of the most dynamic periods of ancient history. Once seen as a time of decline and fall, late antiquity is now viewed as an era of powerful transformation, in which the peoples and institutions that profoundly influenced the modern world took shape. In providing a useful overview of current scholarship on late antiquity, the essays emphasize the central importance of religion in this period. Theology and belief are situated in historical context as the book highlights the interconnectedness of religious life with economic, social, and political realms.
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