A Companion to Families in the Greek and Roman Worlds
A Companion to Families in the Greek and Roman Worlds draws from both established and current scholarship to offer a broad overview of the field, engage in contemporary debates, and pose stimulating questions about future development in the study of families. Provides up-to-date research on family structure from archaeology, art, social, cultural, and economic history Includes contributions from established and rising international scholars Features illustrations of families, children, slaves, and ritual life, along with maps and diagrams of sites and dwellings Honorable Mention for 2011 Single Volume Reference/Humanities & Social Sciences PROSE award granted by the Association of American Publishers
List of Illustrations viii List of Tables xi Notes on Contributors xii Acknowledgments xvii Introduction: Families in the Greek and Roman Worlds 1 Beryl Rawson PART I HOUSES AND HOUSEHOLDS 13 1 Family and Household, Ancient History and Archeology: A Case Study from Roman Egypt 15 Lisa Nevett 2 Space and Social Relationships in the Greek Oikos of the Classical and Hellenistic Periods 32 Monika Trümper 3 Space and Social Relations in the Roman West 53 Jens-Arne Dickmann 4 Household Composition in the Ancient Mediterranean – What Do We Really Know? 73 Sabine R. Huebner 5 The Royal Families of Argead Macedon and the Hellenistic World 92 Daniel Ogden 6 Monogamy and Polygyny 108 Walter Scheidel 7 The Roman Family as Productive Unit 116 Richard Saller 8 The Families of Roman Slaves and Freedmen 129 Henrik Mouritsen 9 Foreign Families in Roman Italy 145 David Noy 10 Soldiers’ Families in the Early Roman Empire 161 Penelope Allison 11 The Household as a Venue for Religious Conversion: The Case of Christianity 183 Kate Cooper 12 What We Do and Don’t Know About Early Christian Families 198 Carolyn Osiek PART II KINSHIP, MARRIAGE, PARENTS, AND CHILDREN 215 13 Consubstantiality, Incest, and Kinship in Ancient Greece 217 Jérôme Wilgaux 14 Marriage in Ancient Athens 231 Cheryl A. Cox 15 From Ceremonial to Sexualities: A Survey of Scholarship on Roman Marriage 245 Suzanne Dixon 16 Other People’s Children 262 Mark Golden 17 The Roman Life Course and the Family 276 Tim Parkin 18 Childbirth and Infancy in Greek and Roman Antiquity 291 Véronique Dasen 19 Grieving for Lost Children, Pagan and Christian 315 Christian Laes PART III THE LEGAL SIDE 331 20 Greek Law and the Family 333 Eva Cantarella 21 Adoption and Heirship in Greece and Rome 346 Hugh Lindsay 22 Roman “Horror” of Intestacy? 361 Jane F. Gardner 23 Promoting pietas through Roman Law 377 Judith Evans Grubbs PART IV CITY AND COUNTRY 393 24 Greek Cities and Families 395 Sara Saba 25 A Walk with the Dead: A Funerary Cityscape of Ancient Rome 408 Christopher Johanson 26 The Family and the Roman Countryside 431 Stephen L. Dyson PART V RITUAL, COMMEMORATION, VALUES 445 27 Families and Religion in Classical Greece 447 Janett E. Morgan 28 Picturing Greek Families 465 Ada Cohen 29 Celebrating the Saturnalia: Religious Ritual and Roman Domestic Life 488 Fanny Dolansky 30 Ethos: The Socialization of Children in Education and Beyond 504 Teresa Morgan 31 Picturing the Roman Family 521 Janet Huskinson 32 Devotional Visuality in Family Funerary Monuments in the Roman World 542 Janet H. Tulloch Glossary 564 References 567 Index 624
“A Companion to Families in the Greek and Roman Worlds is a stimulating and valuable resource for the future of classical scholarship.” (Reference Reviews, 2011)
Beryl Rawson is Professor Emerita and Adjunct Professor in Classics at the Australian National University, Canberra, Australia. She is the author of The Politics of Friendship: Pompey and Cicero (1978) and Children and Childhood in Roman Italy (2003), and the editor of The Family in Ancient Rome: New Perspectives (1986), Marriage, Divorce and Children in Ancient Rome (1991), and The Roman Family in Italy (with Paul Weaver, 1997).
Recent decades have witnessed a dramatic surge of interest in the study of families in the ancient Mediterranean world. Social history has only recently extended its scope to include women, children, slaves, and foreigners, giving birth to a new definition of ‘the family’ that recognizes the great diversity of family forms in classical antiquity. A Companion to Families in the Greek and Roman Worlds draws from both established and current scholarship to offer a broad and interdisciplinary overview of the field, engage in contemporary debates, and pose stimulating questions about future development in the study of families. Employing new methodologies and relying on textual and visual evidence from a variety of disciplines, such as archaeology, art, law, and early Christianity, this international team of contributors presents important new insights into life in ancient Greece and Rome and serves to broaden our understanding of the social structures of classical antiquity.
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